The Hindu Vocabulary 1 September 2021

2021-09-01

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 1 September 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘America’s Asia Policy’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Criticism

Noun

Verbal disapproval

(आलोचना)

Denunciation, Objection, Censure

Approval, Praise, Compliment

Many political leaders cannot handle the criticism well.

Hasty

Adjective

Without much thought; speedy (जल्दबाज़)

Abrupt, Hurried, Expeditious, Quick, Impulsive

Careful, Cautious, Slow, Sluggish, Thoughtful, Wise

In stock market, many new traders who take hasty decision lose money.

Botched

Verb

Spoiled by poor work

(बेकार काम से खराब होना)

Blunder, Bumble, Err, Miscalculate

Do well, Succeed, Create

The carpenter looks inexperienced as sofa set work done by him was botched.

Apparent

Adjective

Not proven real

(स्पष्ट)

Possible, Probable, Supposed

Unlikely, Hidden, Doubtful

It is apparent that people are now able to live with adjustments in the pandemic situation.

Despite

Preposition

Regardless of

(के बावजूद)

Against, Although, In contempt of

-

Despite the fact that online education is rising, there is still a non-replaceable audience of offline education.

Chaotic

Adjective

Utterly confused

(अस्त व्यस्त)

Anarchic, Disorganised, Lawless, Turbulent

Calm, Ordered, Organised, Quiet

The current situation in Afghanistan is chaotic.

Undergirded

Verb

To give fundamental support; provide with a sound or secure basis: (सुदृढ़)

Bolster, Hold, Reinforce, Uphold

Undermine, Weaken, Drop, Fall

The retailers should be undergirded by the government.

Stung

Verb

Prick

 (चिढ़ा हुआ)

Bite, Hurt, Pain

Aid, Cure, Heal

Sunny’s statement against us stung me.

Paradigm

Noun

A typical example or pattern of something; a pattern or model. (प्रतिमान)

Model, Pattern, Example, Standard

-

Violent nature of a person is a paradigm of restlessness inside him.

Supersede

Verb

Take the place of

(जगह लेना)

Override, Overrule, Annul, Set aside

Keep, Retain, Support

Taliban superseded the Afghanistan government and took control.

Demonise

Verb

Portray as wicked and threatening. (दुष्ट और धमकी के रूप में चित्रित करना)

Criticise, Demean, Deprecate

Canonize, Honor

After watching horror movie, kids were demonising the ghost.

Intentions

Noun

Aim

(इरादे)

Purpose, Goal, Motive, Objective

Discouragement

It seems that his intentions are not good.

Persisting

Verb

To carry on

(निरंतर करना)

Continue, Endure, Go on, Linger

Halt, Discontinue, Give up, Stop

He was persisting himself to work hard to get the desired results quickly.

Reassure

Verb

Restore confidence to

(आश्वस्त)

Assure, Encourage, Comfort, Console

Annoy, Depress, Discourage, Dishearten

I reassure you that your money is in good hands.

Assuaging

Verb

Soothing

(शांत करना)

Allay, Alleviate, Appease, Mollify

Aggravate, Dissatisfy, Incite, Trouble

He was trying to assuage his headache by giving massage.

Indifference

Noun

Condition of being indifferent; unimportance

(उदासीनता)

Alienation, Apathy, Carelessness, Disdain

Attention, Esteem, Caring, Respect

I am shocked by their indifference towards malnutrition.

Blowback

Noun

The unintended adverse results of a political action or situation.

(झटका)

-

-

The situation in Afghanistan is the blowback from all those efforts made to establish peace in the region.

Abandon

Verb

Leave behind

(छोड़ना)

Desert, Discard, Drop out, Dump, Withdraw

Advance, Maintain, Persevere, Hold

The King was abandoned by Soldiers during his worst times.

Breach

Noun

Gap; Violation of a law

(अन्तर; उल्लंघन करना)

Rift, Rupture, Break

Closing, Juncture

China would try to fill the breach created in Asian region.

Hegemony

Noun

Dominion (आधिपत्य)

Leadership, Authority, Command, Power

-

Among western countries, American hegemony existed in the Middle East Asia.

 

 

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