Monthly Current Affairs Compilation 2020
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Top Current Affairs September 2020
Defence Ministry launched Defence India Startup Challenge-4 for self-reliance.
Defence Minister Shri Rajnath Singh has launched the ‘Defence India Startup Challenge (DISC 4)’ in an event for Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) in New Delhi. He also released the guidelines for the iDEX4Fauji initiative and the Product Management Approach (PMA). Under it, there were eleven challenges thrown to startups, innovators, and MSMEs to provide their innovative ideas.
Railway digitalizes its supply chain through User Depot Module.
The user Depot Module is developed by the Centre for Railway Information system to digitalize its supply chain management. This system will be implemented in all Zones of Indian Railways. It will digitalize the information with real-time transactions and online information exchange among all stakeholders. It will digitalize user depots and will facilitate efficiency and transparency in asset management.
Virtual Bilateral Summit between PM Modi and Denmark’s PM.
Virtual Bilateral Summit will be held between PM Modi and Denmark’s PM Mette Frederiksen. During the summit, India and Denmark will sign an MoU in the field of intellectual property cooperation. Denmark will also join the International Solar Alliance (ISA) during the summit. During 2016-2019, bilateral trade in goods and services between India and Denmark has grown by more than 30%. Several Danish companies have invested in India and Indian companies have also invested in Denmark. International Solar Alliance (ISA) was established in 2015 in collaboration with India and France. Currently, it has 67 member countries.
India-Japan maritime bilateral exercise (JIMEX 20) started in Arabian Sea.
The fourth edition of JIMEX has begun in the Arabian Sea. It will be conducted in the non-contact at-sea-only format due to Covid-19. Warships Chennai, Teg, Tarkash, and Fleet Tanker Deepak will represent India and Kaga and Ikazuchi warships from the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force will participate in the drill. Recently, the Indian and Australian Navy conducted Passage Exercise (PASSEX) in the Indian Ocean.
National Medical Commission (NMC) comes into existence.
Now, the National Medical Commission (NMC) is the new medical education regulator in India. It has replaced the Medical Council of India (MCI). NMC will have a Chairman, 10 ex-officio members and 22 part-time members. Dr. Suresh Chandra Sharma has been appointed as Chairman of NMC for three years. NMC will be responsible for- 1. Approving and assessing medical colleges, 2. Conducting common MBBS entrance (NEET) and exit examinations (NEXT), 3. Regulating course fees
Science & Technology Indicators (STI) report released for 2019-20.
Department of Science and Technology (DST) has released Science & Technology Indicators (STI) report for 2019-20. It reveals that Indians were not good at innovating ideas and business models. According to this report, from 2005 to 2018, a total of 5,10,000 patent applications were filed in the country, but just 24% of patent claims were from Indians.
United Nations and Britain will co-host the Global Climate summit.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and the UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson will host a global climate summit on the eve of the fifth anniversary of the Paris Agreement. National Government will be invited with their ambitious and high-quality climate plans. This summit is organized after an announcement that china would peak greenhouse emissions in 2030 and attempt to go carbon neutral by 2060. Summit will increase momentum ahead of the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) to be held in Glasgow in November 2021. China is the world’s largest Greenhouse gas emitter and it is followed by the USA.
Logo and song for festival “Destination North East-2020” unveiled by Dr. Jitendra Singh.
Logo and song for the festival “Destination North East-2020” (The Emerging Delightful Destinations) has been unveiled by Dr. Jitendra Singh. Union Minister for Home Affairs Shri Amit Shah will inaugurate 4-day long festival on 27 September 2020. Dr. Jitendra Singh will be the Guest of Honour. The festival will end on 30 September 2020. Shri KirenRijiju, Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports, will be the chief guest for the closing ceremony. Shri RameshwarTeli, Union Minister of State for Food Processing Industries, will be Guest of Honour for the closing ceremony. Through Destination North East 2020, the government wants people to explore local destinations. This will promote local Tourism and Hospitality industry.
Election Commission of India organized an International Webinar on challenges in conducting elections during COVID-19.
An international webinar on theme ‘‘Issues, Challenges and Protocols for Conducting Elections during COVID-19: Sharing Country Experiences’’ was hosted by India. The webinar was organized by India on the completion of its one year of Chairmanship of the Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB). India took the chairmanship in 2019 for a two-year term, i.e., 2019-2021, during the fourth general assembly of A-WEB held in Bengaluru. India A-WEB Centre was also set up in New Delhi. This webinar is the first webinar hosted by the India A-WEB centre.
Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Bill 2020 presented in Lok Sabha.
The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Bill 2020 that aims to strengthen the compliance mechanism, increase transparency and accountability in the receipt and expenditure of foreign contribution, was presented in Lok Sabha. The bill seeks to amend the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act 2010. The bill prohibits public servants from receiving foreign contributions. It will also prohibit the transfer of foreign funding to any person or association. The bill also reduces the administrative expenses of an organization via foreign contributions to 20% from 50%.
Government allows 74% and more than 74% FDI in defence.
The government has allowed up to 74% FDI through automatic route and more than 74% FDI through the government (approval) route in defence. More than 74% of FDI will be allowed through government approval if it will provide access to modern technology or for other reasons to be recorded. Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade’s notification says that FDI is dependent on security clearances by the Ministry of Home Affairs and will be as per Defence Ministry’s guidelines.
India ranks 116th in Human Capital Index 2020.
Recently, Human Capital Index 2020 has been released by World Bank. Singapore has topped the index. India has ranked 116th among 174 countries in HCI 2020 with a score of 0.49 against 115th rank among 157 countries in HCI 2018. Human Capital Index 2020 includes health and education data for 174 countries up to March 2020.
Prime Minister dedicates Kosi Rail Mega Bridge to the nation.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has dedicated Kosi Rail Mahasetu (megabridge) to the nation. 12 rail projects related to passenger facilities for the benefit of Bihar were also inaugurated. These projects include a new railway bridge on the Kiul River, two new railway lines, 5 Electrification projects, one Electric Locomotive Shed at Barauni and 3rd Line Project between Barh-Bakhtiyarpur. Kosi Rail Mahasetu is a 1.9 km long bridge that has been completed at the cost of Rs. 516 crore. This bridge will reduce the rail distance between Nirmali and Saraigarh from 298 kms to just 22 kms. The Kosi Mega Bridge project was approved by the government during 2003-04.
India joins Djibouti Code of Conduct as Observer.
India has joined the Djibouti Code of Conduct/ Jeddah Amendment (DCOC/JA) as Observer. Apart from India, Japan, Norway, UK and US are also Observers to the DCOC/JA. Jeddah Amendment to the Djibouti Code of Conduct was adopted in 2017. It recognizes the important role of the blue economy in supporting sustainable economic growth and prosperity.
India elected as member of UN’s Commission on Status of Women.
India and Afghanistan have been elected as the member of the UN’s Commission on Status of Women (CSW). The term for India as a member will be for 4 years from 2021-25. India, Afghanistan and China contested for the elections, but China failed to become the member. This year marks the 25th anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women and the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995). The 64th session of the Commission on Status of Women was suspended due to COVID-19. Its theme was “Beijing +25: Realizing Gender Equality and the Empowerment of All Women and Girls.”
Methane hydrate deposits in the KG basin richer source of biogenic methane.
Methane hydrate deposits in the KG basin will be a richer source of biogenic methane than the Andaman and Mahanadi basins because a study by Agharkar Research Institute (ARI) has shown that the KG basin has maximum diversity of methanogenic bacteria. The study carried out by ARI, an autonomous institute of DST, has also shown that methane hydrate deposits in Krishna-Godavari (KG) basin are of biogenic origin (produced by living organisms). The study also shows that the KG basin has Methanosarcina, Methanoculleus, and Methanobacterium. But, Methanosarcina is more diverse than the other two genera (groups). One cubic meter of methane hydrate can produce 160-180 cubic meters of methane. It is estimated that methane hydrates in KG Basin are twice that of all fossil fuel reserves available worldwide.
Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework (CSCAF) 2.0 launched.
The Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework (CSCAF) 2.0 was launched by the Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs Hardeep Singh Puri. CSCAF aims to provide a roadmap to cities in combating climate change during the planning and implementing various actions. CSCAF will help in building Climate-Sensitive Approach towards Urban Planning and Development.
P-7 Heavy Drop System developed by DRDO.
P-7 Heavy Drop System that can para drop military stores up to 7 tonne-weight class from IL-76 aircraft has been made by the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO). The system has been inducted in the Indian Army. The system has a platform and a specialized parachute system. The platform is made up of Aluminium or steel alloys. The parachute system is a multi-stage system that consists of – five main canopies, five brake chutes, two auxiliary chutes, one extractor parachute. The system was developed using 100% indigenous resources.
22 Bamboo clusters and logo of National Bamboo mission launched.
Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar has launched 22 bamboo clusters in 9 states and released logo of National Bamboo mission. 22 bamboo clusters has been launched in Gujarat, MP, Maharashtra, Odisha, Assam, Nagaland, Tripura, Uttarakhand and Karnataka. The logo contest was won by Shri Sai Ram Goudi Edigi of Telengana from entries recieived on MyGov Platform. The logo is a circle with its half part made up of an industrial wheel and half part made up of farmers. The circle has a bumboo culm in its centre. It is coloured green and yellow. The colors symbolize bamboo often termed as green gold.
Successful Flight Test of Hypersonic Technology Demonstration Vehicle (HSTDV) by DRDO.
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully flight-tested the Hypersonic Technology Demonstration Vehicle (HSTDV). The demonstration of hypersonic air-breathing scramjet technology was done from Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Launch Complex at Wheeler Island, off the Odisha coast. With this technology, cruise missiles can now travel at hypersonic speeds. Hypersonic vehicles are those vehicles that travel >= 5 times faster than the speed of sound or greater than Mach 5. A scramjet engine is a variant of ramjet engine that operates at hypersonic speeds and allows supersonic combustion.
Government is celebrating 3rd Rashtriya Poshan Maah in September 2020.
Through Rashtriya Poshan Maah, government aims to encourage Jan Bhagidaari and to create a Jan Andolan. Rashtriya Poshan Maah is celebrated every year under POSHAN Abhiyaan (PM’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nourishment). First Rashtriya Poshan Maah was celebrated in September 2018 and second Rashtriya Poshan Maah was celebrated in September 2019.
First manned test flight of Japan’s Flying car completed.
Japanese company SkyDrive has completed its first manned test flight of a single-seater SD-03 car model. The pilot operated the flight with the assistance of a computer control system. The car has been designed as the world’s smallest electric Vertical Take-Off and Landing (eVTOL) model. The car has eight electric motors that rotate eight rotors in opposite directions. The rotors are in a group of two.
Launching of National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB) approved.
Union cabinet has granted approval to launching of Mission Karmayogi-National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB). The institutional structure of Mission Karmayogi comprises of Prime Minister’s Public Human Resources Council (PMHRC), Capacity Building Commission, Special Purpose Vehicle, Cabinet Secretary headed coordination unit. Comprising of some Union Ministers, Chief Ministers, eminent public HR practitioners, thinkers, global thought leaders and Public Service functionaries, PMHRC will be the apex body to give strategic direction to reforms aimed at capacity building.
Third leadership summit of USISPF to be addressed by PM.
The third leadership summit of the US India Strategic and Partnership Forum (USISPF) will be addressed by PM Narendra Modi tomorrow. He will deliver the keynote address to 3rd USISPF titled as ‘US-India Week: Navigating New Challenges’. On Monday, the summit was addressed by US Vice President Mike Pence. Earlier, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal have addressed it. The summit draws attention to Indo-US bilateral cooperation in the areas of trade and investment, energy, fintech, healthcare, technology.
World’s largest Solar Tree built by CSIR-CMERI.
The world’s largest Solar Tree has been developed by CSIR CMERI and is installed at CMERI Residential Colony in Durgapur. The installed capacity of this Solar Tree is more than 11.5 kW. This solar tree can generate 12,000-14,000 units of Clean and Green power. The solar tree has been designed in such a way to ensure the minimum Shadow Area so that these can be used for agricultural activities as well. The cost of each solar tree is Rs. 7.5 lakhs.
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