Daily Current Affairs and GK | 3 and 4 January 2021

Half Yearly (Jul- Dec 2020)
2020 Book

Current Affairs

Topic: Miscellaneous

1. 51st International Film Festival of India will start on 16 January 2021.

  • The 51st International Film festival of India will commence on 16th January 2021.
  • It will be organized from 16th January to 24th January in Goa in both virtual and physical format.   
  • The movies which will be premiered include Wife of a Spy, Mehrunisa, Another Round, etc.
  • The 50th International Film Festival of India (IFFI) was held in Goa.
  • International Film Festival of India (IFFI) was started in 1952. It is organized annually and jointly by the Directorate of Film Festivals and the Government of Goa.

51st international film festival

(Source: News on AIR)

 

Topic: Agriculture

2. Area under wheat cultivation increases in MP, Bihar and Maharashtra.

  • Area under wheat cultivation has increased in Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Maharashtra.
  • Madhya Pradesh planted over an additional 10 lakh hectares (lha) of wheat this season.
  • Till now, wheat sowing in India has been 3.63% lha higher than that in the last year. Rajasthan and UP has covered 2.87 lha and 2.1 lha less area till now.
  • Area under pulses and oilseeds has been 5% and 6% higher in comparison with same period in 2019-20. This increase is mainly due to increase in area under gram, rapeseed and mustard.
  • Area under coarse cereals has declined by nearly 10%. In June 2020, Madhya Pradesh became top stat in the wheat procurement on support price. MP’s wheat procurement was equal to 33% of total wheat procured in India. 
  • Madhya Pradesh replaced Punjab as maximum contributor to wheat procurement. However, Punjab still has high per capita productivity than Madhya Pradesh.
  • Wheat:
    • It is grown on 13% of the cropped area of India.
    • It is the staple food for the population in north India.
    • India produces 8.7% of the world’s total wheat and is the 4th largest producer of wheat in the world.
    • Top three wheat producing countries- Russia, USA and China
    • Conditions required for wheat:
      • Temperature: 21-26° C
      • Rainfall: 25-75 cm
      • Soil: Clay loam or Loamy

Topic: International News

3. Iran plans to enrich uranium up to 20% at Fordo Plant.

  • Iran has planned to enrich uranium to up to 20% purity at Fordo Fuel Enrichment Plant.
  • As of now, Iran is enriching uranium up to 4.5%, in violation of the accord’s limit of 3.67%.
  • With this, Iran’s nuclear enrichment program will go back to pre-2015 levels. In 2015, Iran signed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with the P5 +1 countries (Russia, USA, China, France, UK and Germany).
  • Under the Iran nuclear deal, Iran has been prohibited uranium enrichment at the Fordo Plant until 2031.
  • Iran also agreed to convert the facility into a nuclear, physics and technology centre.
  • Iran made this announcement to the IAEA that it plans to further breach the deal.
  • US has withdrawn from the deal in 2018 and reimposed the sanctions against Iran. Therefore, Iran is retaliating by making such moves.
  • Uranium enrichment is a process of increasing the percentage of Uranium-235 required to create effective nuclear fuel.

Topic: National News

4. Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation approved emergency use of Covishield and Covaxin vaccine.

  • The subject expert committee of the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation has approved the emergency use of the Covishield and Covaxin vaccine.
  • The expert committee comprises of people with different fields such as pulmonology, immunology, microbiology, etc.
  • Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation has also approved the Phase III trials of vaccine candidate of Cadila Healthcare Ltd.

Covishield Vaccine

Covaxin vaccine

  • It is developed by the Serum Institute of India in collaboration with Astra Zeneca/ Oxford University.
  • It is a Recombinant Chimpanzee Adenovirus vector vaccine encoding the SARS-CoV-2 Spike (S) glycoprotein.
  • The overall efficacy of the vaccine is 70.42%
  • It is developed by Bharat Biotech in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical research.
  • It is India’s first indigenously developed COVID-19 vaccine.
  • It is a Whole Virion inactivated Coronavirus Vaccine.

Drug Controller General of India (DCGI):

  • It is a department under the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation.
  • It is also responsible for setting the standards for manufacturing, import, sales and distribution of drugs in India.
  • It approves licenses of specified categories of drugs, including blood and blood products, vaccines, sera, etc.
  • Current DCGI: V G Somani

Topic: Important Days

5. World Braille Day: 4 January

  • World Braille Day is observed every year since 2019 to raise awareness regarding the importance of Braille as a means of communication for blind and partially sighted people.
  • Braille is a tactile representation of alphabetic and numerical symbols using six dots to represent each letter and number, and even musical, mathematical and scientific symbols.
  • Braille was invented by Louis Braille in 19th century. It is used by blind and partially sighted people for reading books.

Topic: National News

6. Amit Shah released inaugural issue of the ‘National Police K-9 Journal’.

  • Union Home Minister has released the inaugural issue of “National Police K-9 Journal”.
  • It is the country’s first journal on the subject of Police Service K9s (PSKs).
  • It is a biannual journal that will be released in April and October every year.
  • Police dogs can play a vital role in the safety of society.
  • The journal will help in the promotion of training and use of dogs in the Police service.
  • Police K9 Cell: It was established in 2019 under the Police Modernization Division of the Ministry of Home Affairs. It is a specialized cell of Police Dogs.

Police K9 Cell

(Source: News on AIR)

Topic: International News

7. United Nations adopted a resolution on Rohingyas.

  • United Nations has adopted a resolution on Rohingyas at the 75th General Assembly. It has been adopted to ensure the safe return of Rohingyas to their home.
  • Bangladesh hosted over 1.1 million displaced Rohingyas, so it has demanded a peaceful solution of this crisis.
  • The resolution has been passed, with 132 countries voting in favour of it and 9 countries opposed it.
  • Bangladesh and Myanmar had signed a deal in 2018 for the safe return of Rohingyas to the Rakhine province.
  • The resolution will force Myanmar to take urgent actions to address the issue of Rohingya Muslims and provide them with basic human rights on their return.
  • Rohingyas:
    • These are the Muslim minorities that live in the Rakhine state of Myanmar. Around 1.1 million Rohingya people live in Myanmar.
    • This ethnic group is considered illegal immigrants and are treated as stateless people and denied citizenship.
    • More than 3,00,000 Rohingya people had fled when violence broke out in the Rakhine state. These people took shelter in Myanmar’s neighbouring countries like Bangladesh and India.

Topic: National News

8. FSSAI reduced the limit of Trans fat levels in foods.

  • The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has reduced the limit of trans fat in foods.
  • At present, the FSSAI’s limit of trans fat content in fats and oils is 5%. After this notification, the trans-fat limit will be reduced to 3% in 2021 and to 2% by 2022.
  • The revised limit will apply to edible refined oils, partially hydrogenated oils, bakery, etc.
  • In 2011, the government had reduced the trans fatty acids limits from 10 % to 5 % in oils and fats.
  • WHO aimed for the global elimination of trans fats by 2023.
  • Trans Fats:
    • These are unsaturated fats produced from vegetable oils.
    • There are two forms of trans fat – natural and artificial trans fats.
    • Artificial trans fats are man-made fats produced through a chemical process called hydrogenation.
    • Naturally-occurring trans fats are found in many animal products.
    • Trans fat increases the risk of a heart attack.

Topic: Appointments

9. Soma Mondal appointed as the new chairman of SAIL.

  • Soma Mondal has been appointed as a new chairman of Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL).
  • She has taken charge from Anil Kumar Chaudhary.
  • She has become the first woman chairman of Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL).
  • She has been appointed by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet.
  • Earlier, she was on the post of Director (Commercial) of SAIL.
  • Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL):
    • It was established in 1954.
    • It is the largest steel producing company in India.
    • It is a Maharatna Public Sector Undertaking under the Ministry of Steel.
    • Headquarters: New Delhi

new chairman of SAIL

(Source: SAIL)

Topic: Miscellaneous

10. Prasar Bharati’s Digital Channels record 100% growth in 2020.

  • The digital channels of Prasar Bharati have recorded 100% growth in 2020.
  • Pakistan has the second-highest audience of Doordarshan (DD) and All India Radio (AIR).
  • Prasar Bharati’s mobile app, ‘NewsOnAir,’ has added 2.5 million users and registered 300 million views in 2020.
  • Prime Minister’s interactions with school students, Republic Day parade 2020, and video of Shakuntala Devi were the most seen videos of 2020.
  • Prasar Bharati has also launched a YouTube channel for Sanskrit language content in 2020.
  • Prasar Bharati:
    • It was formed in November 1997.
    • It is India’s largest public broadcasting agency.
    • It works under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
    • It is headquartered in New Delhi.
    • Its CEO is Shashi Shekhar Vempati.

Digital Channels Growth 2020

(Source: Prasar Bharti)

Topic: Books and Authors

11. Wajahat Habibullah is the author of “My Years with Rajiv: Triumph and Tragedy”.

  • Wajahat Habibullah has penned a book, “My Years with Rajiv: Triumph and Tragedy”.
  • He has also mentioned the Babri Masjid issue, the Bofors, LTTE insurgency and the Shah Bano case in this book.
  • He has also written about the efforts of the Rajiv Gandhi government in dealing with Pakistan.
  • In this book, he has written about the achievements of Rajiv Gandhi including reforms in education, Technology Missions, economic reforms, Punjab, Assam and Mizoram accords, etc.

my years with rajiv: triumph and tragedy

(Source: The Hindu)

Topic: Personality in News

12. Former Home Minister Buta Singh passed away at the age of 86.

  • The former Home Minister, Buta Singh, has died at the age of 86 years.
  • He had served as a minister with four Prime Minister.
  • He was elected to the Lok Sabha for the first time in 1962 from Moga, Punjab.
  • He will be remembered as a Home Minister, which has allowed the shilanyas of a Ram temple at the disputed site in Ayodhya in 1989.
  • He had played a controversial role as Governor of Bihar after the Bihar Assembly elections of 2005.
  • He had also headed the National Commission for Scheduled Castes.

buta singh former home minister

(Source: News on AIR)

 

 

 

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