- 1. World’s most powerful climate-change forecasting supercomputer to be built in United Kingdom.
- 2. World Immunization Week 2021: 24-30 April
- 3. Rafael Nadal wins his 12th Barcelona Open title.
- 4. CSIR-CMERI developed Oxygen enrichment technology
- 5. Workers’ Memorial Day: 28 April
- 6. A community service center will be set up for collection of data from Aditya-L1 Mission.
- 7. India has been placed on 49th Position in Chandler Good Government Index (CGGI).
- 8. WHO announces global immunization strategy to save 50 million lives.
- 9. Renowned Gujarati poet Dadudan Gadhvi passed away.
- 10. India’s Organic food products export increased by 50 percent in 2020-21.
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Topic: Space and IT
1. World’s most powerful climate-change forecasting supercomputer to be built in United Kingdom.
- The world’s most powerful climate-change forecasting supercomputer will be built by Microsoft and Met Office in the United Kingdom.
- It will provide information about severe weather conditions including extreme storms, floods, and snow.
- It will be one of the top 25 supercomputers in the world. The United Kingdom government has provided financial assistance for this project.
- It will also be used for advanced climate change modeling, which will help improve the forecast of wind and temperature.
- It will help in the preparedness against local storms and heavy rains.
- Japan uses supercomputer ‘Fugaku’ for the prediction of tsunami flooding. The United States is also developing a computer to study climate change and severe weather.
- United Kingdom:
- It is a group of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland nations.
- It is located in northwestern Europe.
- Its capital is London and the currency is the Pound sterling.
- Boris Johnson is the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
Topic: Important Days
2. World Immunization Week 2021: 24-30 April
- World Immunization Week is celebrated every year in the last week of April.
- Its main aim is to promote the use of vaccines to protect people from disease.
- ‘Vaccines bring us closer’ is the theme of this year’s World Immunization Week.
- Immunization is the process through which the immune system of an individual becomes immunized against disease-causing agents.
- The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) was started in 1978. In 1985, it was renamed as Universal Immunization programme.
- The Government of India had launched Mission Indradhanush to increase the coverage of immunization in India.
- Many diseases like smallpox and polio can be controlled by the use of Vaccines.
- According to the data, about 20 million children in the world are not getting the vaccine they need.
3. Rafael Nadal wins his 12th Barcelona Open title.
- Rafael Nadal has won his 12th Barcelona Open title by defeating Stefanos Tsitsipas by 6-4, 6-7, 7-5.
- The match lasted for 3 hours and 38 minutes. It is one of the longest best of three ATP matches of this year.
- He has won seven titles of the Barcelona open in the last 10 editions.
- He will play in ATP Masters 1000 tournaments next month.
- Barcelona Open:
- It is an annual tennis tournament for male professional players.
- It is being organized in Barcelona since 1953.
- It is played on clay court.
Topic: New Developments
4. CSIR-CMERI developed Oxygen enrichment technology
- CSIR-CMERI has developed oxygen enrichment technology for the effective treatment of COVID-19 patients.
- CSIR-CMERI, Durgapur, in collaboration with MSME-DI, Raipur, has organized a Webinar on ‘Oxygen Enrichment' Technology on 25th April.
- It can be placed easily in the isolation ward of the hospital. It is equipped with an oil-free reciprocating compressor.
- It can deliver medical air in the range of up to 15 LPM with oxygen purity of more than 90%.
- Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR): CSIR is India’s largest research and development organization and an autonomous body.
- CMERI is a laboratory of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
Topic: Important Days
5. Workers’ Memorial Day: 28 April
- Workers’ Memorial Day is an international day in remembrance of those workers who lost their lives or became injured or disabled due to their work.
- It is celebrated every year on 28 April and it is also known as International Commemoration Day for Dead and Injured.
- It was adopted by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) on 28 April 1996.
- In 2021, the theme of this day is “Health and Safety is a fundamental workers’ right”.
- World Day for Safety and Health at Work is also celebrated every year on 28 April.
Topic: Space and IT
6. A community service center will be set up for collection of data from Aditya-L1 Mission.
- A dedicated community service center will be established for the collection of data from Aditya-L1 mission.
- The data will be collected on a web-based interface so that users can easily access the data.
- The service center will be called Aditya-L1 Support Cell (AL1SC). It is jointly developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES).
- AL1SC will be set up at the campus of ARIES in Uttarakhand. It will provide co-aligned data from other observatories around the world.
- It will also help in capacity building by establishing periodic training of the national user community on data analysis and proposal preparation.
- It will also help ISRO in the development of analysis software for handling scientific data.
- Aditya’s mission or Aditya L1 mission is a proposed mission to study the sun, its corona, photosphere, and its magnetic emissions. It is India’s first solar space mission.
Topic: Reports and Indices
7. India has been placed on 49th Position in Chandler Good Government Index (CGGI).
- India has been placed in 49th position in the Chandler Good Government Index (CGGI).
- Finland is on the top position in this ranking, followed by Switzerland and Singapore.
- Chandler Good Government Index (CGGI) provides ranking to 104 countries’ governments.
- This Index is used by the government in monitoring and benchmarking their capabilities. It helps in identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the government.
- It is developed by the Chandler Institute of Governance.
- It ranks country based on seven pillars. The pillars are as follows:
- Leadership and foresight
- Robust laws and policies
- Strong institutions
- Financial stewardship
- Attractive marketplace
- Global influence and reputation
- Helping people rise
Topic: International News
8. WHO announces global immunization strategy to save 50 million lives.
- WHO has announced a global immunization strategy to save 50 million people’s lives by 2030.
- WHO, in association with UNICEF and the vaccine alliance Gavi, has developed this strategy.
- Many life-threatening diseases like measles, yellow fever, and diphtheria outbreak will be controlled by this strategy.
- According to WHO, more than one-third of the countries are still facing the problem of routine immunization services.
- In more than sixty countries, mass vaccination campaigns have been postponed. It has put 228 million people at risk of communicable disease.
- World Health Organization (WHO):
- It is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health.
- It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
- It was established on 7 April 1948.
- Its current President is Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
Topic: Personality in News
9. Renowned Gujarati poet Dadudan Gadhvi passed away.
- Noted Gujarati poet Dadudan Gadhvi passed away at the age of 81.
- He will be remembered for his contribution to the field of folk literature.
- He had received the Gujarat Gaurav award and Jhaverchand Meghani Award.
- In 2021, He was awarded the Padma Shri award for his contribution to the field of literature and education.
- He is also known as Kavi Dad. His famous works are Terva (four volumes), Chittaharnu Geet, Shri Krishna Chhandavali and Ramnam Barakshari.
10. India’s Organic food products export increased by 50 percent in 2020-21.
- India’s Organic food export increased by 50% in 2020-21 than last fiscal year.
- During FY 2020-21, the export of organic food products has grown by 39% in terms of quantity. 888,179 metric tonnes (MT) organic products were exported in 2020-21.
- Oil cake meal has been the major commodity of export, it is followed by oilseeds, fruit pulps and purees, cereals & millets.
- India’s organic products have been exported to more than 58 countries.
- At present, only those organic products are exported from India, which are produced, processed, packed, and labelled as per the requirements of the National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP).