The Hindu Vocabulary 10 March 2022

2022-03-10

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 10 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Clear signals: On India-China ties and the new global currents.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Current

Noun

A flowing stream.

Something that flows.

(धारा/ प्रवाह)

Flood, River, Stream, Tide

-

The current in the river was very strong that I could not stand for few seconds.

Adjective

Occurring at the present time.

Popular.

(वर्तमान/ मौजूदा)

Modern, Ongoing, Present, Prevailing

Antiquated, Uncommon, Past, Old

She always follo current fashion trends.

Reshape

Verb

To shape again into a different form.

To give a new form.

(नयी आकृति प्रदान करना)

Adjust, Amend, Change, Develop, Mutate, Transmute

Remain, Keep, Stagnate, Stay, Continue, Spoil

These amendments are going to reshape our future.

Iteration

Noun

Execution of the repeated sequence of events.

(यात्रा/ पुनरावृत्तियों)

Emphasis, Repetition, Renewal, Replay

Decrease, Increase, Norepiting

Chaman is an expert in writing code for performing iterations.

Revive

Verb

To restore to life from a bad situation.

(पुनर्जीवित)

Arouse, Encourage, Energize, Invigorate, Reanimate, Recharge

Bore, Break, Depress, Discourage

I was trying to revive our local industry.

Impending

Adjective

Likely to occur soon.

(निकट का)

Approaching, Brewing, Coming, Proximate

Gone, Distant, Later, Past

Students returned to the homeland ahead of an impending war.

Amid

Preposition

In the middle of

(बीच में)

Through, Mid, Among, Amongst

Away from, Outside, Beyond, Far from

The public was against organising rallies amid pandemics.

Stoke

Verb

To poke or stir.

To supply with fuel.

(ईधन झोंकना/ भड़काना)

Feed, Poke, Stir, Extend, Hype, Increase, Raise, Supersize

Abate, Decrease, Diminish, Lessen

An increase in fuel price will stoke the demand for electric vehicles.

Rivalry

Noun

The state of being rival.

(विरोध/ प्रतिस्पर्धा)

Antagonism, Clash, Fight, Jealousy

Accord, Calm, Harmony, Agreement

The rivalry between India and Pakistan can be seen on the cricket field as well.

Alliance

Noun

The act of allying to someone.

A formal agreement between two or more nations for a specific purpose.

(गठबंधन/ संधि)

Accord, Affiliation, Affinity, Betrothal, Coalition

Antagonism, Divorce, Detachment, Disconnection

There was an alliance between the four countries for military cooperation.

Reaffirm

Verb

To affirm something again to confirm.

(पुष्टि करना)

Acknowledge, Announce, Refit, Refurbish, Reestablish

Destroy, Finish, Damage, Discourage, Forget

I reaffirmed my child’s innocence in front of the principal.

Expansion

Noun

The act of expanding.

The increase in size or scope.

(विस्तार)

Development, Enlargement, Dilation, Increase

Abridgment, Reduction, Compression, Decrease

Expansion is an inevitable step towards success.

Criticise

Verb

To act as a critic.

To point out the faults of someone or something.

To consider the merits and demerits and judge accordingly.

(आलोचना करना)

Blame, Blast, Castigate, Excoriate, Review, Scrutinize

Approve, Commend, Compliment, Exonerate, Praise, Estimate

He always criticise my drawings.

Impact

Noun

The act of hitting something with force.

The power or influence of someone or something.

(प्रभाव)

Brunt, Shock, Bang, Clash

-

The impact of strong leadership is very high in the management of a party.

Verb

To have a direct effect.

The contact of one object with another in a forcible manner.

(किसी पर या किसी चीज पर गहरा प्रभाव डालना/ एक वस्तु का दूसरी वस्तु से टकराना)

Jolt, Clash, Crash, Kick

-

His novel impacted my life in a negative way.

Binding

Noun

The act of securing or fastening.

The action of one that binds.

(बंधन)

Adhesive, Fastener, Jacket, Belt

-

The binding of the book has become loose.

Adjective

Having power to oblige.

(अनिवार्य)

Attached, Limiting, Fastened, Conclusive, Required, Essential

Optional, Inessential, Secondary, Alterable, Breakable

You made a binding promise to the public.

Notion

Noun

An opinion or belief.

A personal inclination.

A fanciful idea.

(धारणा/ अभिप्राय)

Approach, Assumption, Impulse, Wish

Being, Concrete, Reality, Truth, Need

His notion of democracy is completely different from mine.

Analogy

Noun

A comparison of two unlike things on resemblance of a particular thing.

Similarity or comparability.

(समानता/ अनुरूपता)

Comparison, Correlation, Metaphor

Difference, Unlikeness, Dissimilarity

The analogy between two cases presented by you was very complex.

Deter

Verb

Inhibit from action

(प्रतिरोध करना)

Avert, Block, Preclude, Prevent, Prohibit

Aid, Help, Allow, Assist

He was deterred from taking part in the competition.

Sway

Verb

To move to and fro.

To cause to incline in a particular direction.

(धीरे-धीरे या लयबद्ध रूप से पीछे की ओर और आगे की ओर या एक ओर से दूसरी ओर ले जाएँ/ प्रभावित करना)

Affect, Impact, Influence, Overrule, Bend, Lean, Swing, Waver

Discourage, Dissuade, Neglect, Misguide, Straighten, Remain

He swayed Rashmi from her plan.

 

Noun

A controlling influence.

(बोलबाला)

Clout, Mastery, Authority, Command

Inability, Powerlessness, Weakness

He has been under the sway of bad people.

Restore­­­­­­­­­­­

Verb

To bring back into existence.

(बहाल)

Improve, Modernize, Rebuild, Reconstruct, Replace, Return

Damage, Decline, Destroy, Harm, Break, Damage

The old chair of my grandfather was restored by the carpenter.

Ensure

Verb

To secure or make certain.

To guarantee.

(सुनिश्चित करना)

Assure, Guarantee, Secure, Protect

Endanger, Harm, Ignore, Injure

I ensure that you will receive your payment.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving both or two sides.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Respective, Reciprocal

Multilateral, Unilateral

The two countries organised a bilateral summit.

Modus Vivendi

Noun

An agreement allowing conflicting parties to coexist peacefully until a final settlement is reached.

A way of living.

(अंतिम समझौता होने तक परस्पर विरोधी पक्षों को शांतिपूर्वक सह-अस्तित्व की अनुमति देने वाला समझौता/ जीवन शैली।)

-

-

The two countries have finally reached a modus vivendi.

 

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