The Hindu Vocabulary 12 January 2021

2021-01-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 January 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Gearing up: On vaccines and public trust’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Bolster

Verb

support or strengthen.

(मजबूत बनाना)

Strengthen, Support, Reinforce, Boost, Fortify

Undermine, Weaken, Erode, Wear away

My parents helped me to bolster my confidence after my failure in the test.

Firm

Adjective

having a solid, almost unyielding surface or structure.

(दृढ़)

Hard, Solid, Unyielding, Resistant, Solid

Soft, Yielding, Flourishing, Producing, Bearing

We made a firm decision of sticking to our point of view.

Comorbidities

Noun

the simultaneous presence of two or more diseases or medical conditions in a patient.

(एक मरीज में दो या अधिक बीमारियों या चिकित्सा स्थितियों की एक साथ उपस्थिति।)

-

-

Age and comorbidity may be risky.

Efficacy

Noun

the ability of something like a drug or a medical treatment to bring about the results that are wanted.

(प्रभावकारिता)

Adequacy, Competence, Effectiveness, Ability, Capability

Failure, Inadequacy, Inefficiency, Lethargy, Unproductiveness

Irresponsibility will affect efficacy of the efforts you put in work.

Divisive

Adjective

tending to cause disagreement or hostility between people.

(लोगों के बीच असहमति या शत्रुता पैदा करने की प्रवृत्ति।)

Alienating, Estranging, Isolating, Schismatic, Discordant

Unifying, Compiling, Mingling, Merging

The lawyers are stuck with the divisive issue of dowry.

Mortality

Noun

the state of being subject to death.

(नश्वरता)

Temporarily, Transience, Impermanency, Impermanence

Permanence, Humanity, Corporality, Human

It has been deduced that work is affected by the thoughts of mortality.

Backup

Noun

help or support.

(बैकअप)

Help, Support, Assistance, Aid, Reserves

Hinder, Obstruct, Hamper, Impede, Inhibit

We need a backup for all the data stored in the system.

Placebo

Noun

a medicine or procedure prescribed for the psychological benefit to the patient rather than for any physiological effect.

(किसी भी शारीरिक प्रभाव के बजाय रोगी को मनोवैज्ञानिक लाभ के लिए निर्धारित एक दवा या प्रक्रिया।)

Medicine, Healing, Therapy, Treatment

-

The patient was misguided for the placebo.

Adverse

Adjective

preventing success or development; harmful; unfavourable.

(प्रतिकूल)

Unfavourable, Disadvantageous, Inauspicious, Unfortunate

Fortunate, Favourable, Auspicious, Positive, Friendly

The pandemic had had adverse effects.

Evoke

Verb

elicit (a response).

(आह्वान करना)

Summon, Invoke, Elicit, Induce, Kindle, Suggest

Obscure, Conceal, Darken, Veil, Shroud

The young boy made all his attempts to evoke truth from the thief.

Distrust

Noun

the feeling that someone or something cannot be relied upon.

(शक)

Mistrust, Suspicion, Wariness, Doubt, Dubiety

Trust, Certainty, Sure, Faith

The distrust in the leader led to rigorous downfall.

Inoculate

Verb

make (a person or animal) immune to infection.

(छुटकारा देना)

Vaccinate, Immuinise, Inject, Safeguard, protect

Endanger, Imperil, Risk, Jeopardize

We all need to immunise ourselves from the virus.

 

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Joshua D. Angrist and Guido W. Imbens have won the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 2021 for which research?