The Hindu Vocabulary 15 April 2021

2021-04-15

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 15 April 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Another beginning: On vaccine vigilance’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Vigilance

Noun

the action or state of keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties.

(जागरूकता)

Surveillance, Attentiveness, Attention, Alertness, Care, Caution, Wariness

Inattentiveness, Distracted, Preoccupied, Dreamy

He was fed up of security duties with long vigilance hours.

Pharmacovigilance

Noun

the practice of monitoring the effects of medical drugs after they have been licensed for use, especially in order to identify and evaluate previously unreported adverse reactions.

(उपयोग के लिए लाइसेंस प्राप्त होने के बाद चिकित्सा दवाओं के प्रभावों की निगरानी करने का अभ्यास,)

-

-

The authority needs to diagnostic tools to improve pharmacovigilance.

Hinged

Verb

depend entirely on.

(पूरी तरह से निर्भर करते हैं)

Depend, Hang, Rest, Centre, Rely

Independent, Free, Liberated, Unfettered, Contrary

The future of the country is hinged on the upcoming elections.

Bridge

Verb

make (a difference between two groups) smaller or less significant.

(बनाओ छोटा या कम महत्वपूर्ण)

Join, Link, Connect, Unite, Reconcile

Divide, Separate, Split, Cleave, Sunder, Disjoin

New methods were to be brought in to bridge the gap between the two nations.

Untoward

Adjective

unexpected and inappropriate or inconvenient.

(अभागा)

Unanticipated, Unpredictable, Unpredicted, Unexpected, Unforeseen

Expected, Predicted, Expected, Foreseen

If nothing untoward happened, we would join you.

Cue

Noun

a thing said or done that serves as a signal to an actor or other performer to enter or to begin their speech or performance.

(संकेत)

Signal, Sign, Indication, Prompt, Reminder, Nod

 

Ignorance, Neglect, Denial, Deny

She has not given any cue of moving out.

Concede

Verb

admit or agree that something is true after first denying or resisting it.

(स्वीकार करना)

Admit, Acknowledge, Allow, Grant, Agree, Accept

Deny, Refuse, Denial, Repudiate, Contradict

I had to concede that I overreacted.

Ebb

Verb

gradually decrease.

(उतार)

Diminish, Dwindle, Wane, Reduce, Fade

Rise, Increase, Enhance, Improve, Intensify

After continuous failure, my confidence ebbed.

Uphill

Adjective

requiring great effort; difficult.

(बड़े प्रयास की आवश्यकता है)

Arduous, Difficult, Hard, Tough, Taxing, Demanding

Easy, Simple, Facile, Easy-breezy, Effortless, Painless

Fighting COVID has been an uphill struggle.

Paucity

Noun

the presence of something in only small or insufficient quantities or amounts.

(कमी)

Scarcity, Dearth, Shortage, Rarity, Rareness

Abundance, Profusion, Plenty, Amplitude

We couldn’t accomplish the target because of paucity of information.

Inevitably

Adverb

as is certain to happen; unavoidably.

(अनिवार्य रूप से)

Naturally, Automatically, Necessarily, Unavoidably, Surely

Avoidably, Preventable, Needless, Unnecessary

Inevitably, some data is already used.

Adverse

Adjective

preventing success or development; harmful; unfavourable.

(विपरीत)

Disadvantageous, Unpropitious, Unfortunate, Untoward, Harmful

Safe, Advantageous, Favourable, Beneficial, Positive, Friendly

Increased taxes are having adverse impact on the economy.

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If mixture A has methane and ethane in the ratio of 1 : 1. If ethane in a quantity that is three times the quantity of mixture A is added to mixture A, then what is the ratio of methane to ethane in the resultant mixture?