The Hindu Vocabulary 15 February 2022

2022-02-15

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 15 February 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A faltering recovery: On flailing factory output trends.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Falter

Verb

To hesitate in speech, action or intent.

To walk unsteadily.

(लड़खड़ाना)

Balance, Dither, Scruple, Teeter, Anile, Senile

Certain, Clear, Decisive, Definite

The business was faltering due to the wrong hiring policy.

Flailing

Adjective

Wave or swing wildly.

(घिसटते हुए)

Whipping, Beating, Caning, Flagellation

Steady

The economy was flailing for the last one year.

Rebound

Verb

To cause to bound back.

(प्रतिक्षिप्त होना)

Overcome, Bounce, Rally, Recover, Revive

Destroy, Deteriorate, Hurt, Ruin

Our company rebounded quickly from the loss.

Noun

A reaction to setback or crisis.

An act of rebounding.

(प्रतिक्षेप)

-

-

There was a sharp rebound in the prices of common goods.

Roadblock

Noun

An obstruction placed on a road.

(अवरोध)

Barricade, Blockade, Obstruction

Free, Liberate, Release

We need to free all the roadblocks for the plan to succeed.

Amid

Preposition

In the middle of

(बीच में)

Through, Mid, Among, Amongst

Away from, Outside, Beyond, Far from

The key person got sick amid the most important part of the project.

Resilience

Noun

The power of a material to return to its original form.

The ability to become strong after something bad happens.

(लचीलापन)

Flexibility, Pliancy, Recoil, Snap

Rigid

Shyam was known for his resilience throughout his career.

Plague

Verb

To cause worry or to trouble.

(पीड़ा देना)

Afflict, Agonize, Anguish, Excruciate

Aid, Help, Please, Delight

The financial loss plagued him with his doubts about his future.

Noun

A disease that causes death and that spreads quickly.

(विपत्ति)

Contagion, Curse, Epidemic, Scourge

Advantage, Good Fortune, Luck

The country was affected by a plague this year.

Recede

Verb

To become distant.

To move back or away.

(दूर जाना)

Abate, Sink, Ebb, Fade, Lessen, Retire

Develop, Enhance, Enlarge, Expand­­

This has been assumed that the inflation will recede to less than 5% after this financial year.

Volatility

Noun

The act of passing judgment on the merits of anything.

A comment that expresses disapproval of something or someone.

(अस्थिरता)

Critique, Examen, Assessment, Comment, Opinion, Denunciation, Objection

Approval, Compliment, Flattery, Estimation

We got strong criticism from our buyers.

Propel

Verb

To cause to move forward.

(प्रेरित करना/ आगे को बढ़ाना)

Drive, Push, Send, Thrust

Discourage, Diissuade, Pull, Repress

The train was propelled through the steam engine in the early days of the invention.

Catalyse

Verb

To influence a process especially chemical reaction by catalysis.

(उत्प्रेरित)

Imbue, Infuse, Ferment, Impel, Marshal, Prepare

Disorganise, Discourage, Disperse, Dissuade

His speech catalyzed the protests and made it bigger.

Steep

Noun

A precipitous place.

A place that is steep. (ढालवांपन/ डुबकी)

Declivity, Plunge

Straight

Mahabaleshwar has many steep places.

Adjective

Having an almost vertical slope.

Extreme or incredible.

(तीव्र ढलानवाला)

Abrupt, Arduous, Hilly, Lofty

Gradual, Low, Flat, Gentle

The stairs at your house are very steep.

Verb

To soak in a liquid.

(भिगोना)

Bathe, Drench, Imbue, Immerse

Dehydrate, Dry, Deplete

The process involved steeping and then drying.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The major challenge of the current government was to control inflation.

Reboot

Verb

To restart.

To start something as new.

(फिर शुरु करना)

Reset, Bootstrap, Start

-

I was rebooting the system when the light was cut.

Noun

An act of restarting something.

(कुछ नया शुरू करने की क्रिया)

Restart

-

I think your computer requires a reboot.

Recalibrate

Verb

To correct or adjust the settings of some instrument or something.

(पुन: जांचना)

Adjust, Amend, Alter, Annotate, Improve, Redress, Regulate, Remedy

Aggravate, Damage, Harm, Hurt

Many instruments in the lab need to be recalibrated.

Billow

Verb

 

To rise or roll in waves.

(लहराना)

Undulate, Balloon, Bloat, Bulge

Shrink, Stabilize

The billowing sea was frightening to me.

 

Noun

Wave.

Any surging mass.

(तरंग)

Beachcomber, Breaker, Crest, Swell

-

The billows of smoke coming out of the building were a sign of fire in the building.

 

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