The Hindu Vocabulary 15 November 2020

2020-11-15

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 15 November 2020 is from the Editorial titled ‘Dose of optimism: On India and COVID-19 vaccine’.

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Optimism

Noun

an attitude reflecting a belief or hope that the outcome of some specific endeavour.

(आशावाद)

Certainty, Anticipation, Trust, Cheerfulness, Easiness

Depression, Distrust, Fear, Uncertainty, Gloom

Many say that optimism is the key to happiness.

Avail

Verb

help or benefit.

(लाभ उठाना)

Account, Advantage, Fitness, Usefulness, Applicability

Inappropriateness, Blunder, Gaffe, Goof, Rudeness, Unsuitability

We couldn’t avail the benefits of the much awaited online sale.

Manifest

Verb

show (a quality or feeling) by one's acts or appearance; demonstrate.

(ज़ाहिर)

Palpable, Shown, Revealed, Visible

Hidden, Ambiguous, Vague, Obscure

We need to manifest the truth.

Severity

Noun

the fact or condition of being severe.

(तीव्रता)

Harshness, Cruelty, Hardness, Sternness, Strictness, Grimness

Gentility, Kindness, Mildness, Pity, Softness

The scientists couldn’t understand the severity of the explosion.

Eschew

Verb

deliberately avoid using; abstain from.

(त्याग करना)

Abandon, Avoid, Forego, Abjure, Abstain

Keep, Embrace, Keep, Like

I eschewed the idea of going out on Sunday.

Untoward

Adjective

unexpected and inappropriate or inconvenient.

(अप्रत्याशित और अनुचित)

Disturbing, Hapless, Annoying, Awkward, Unlucky

Acceptable, Fortunate, Lucky, Auspicious, Suitable

The song played over and over was untoward.

Frontier

Noun

the extreme limit of understanding or achievement in a particular area.

(सरहद)

Borderline, Borderland, Edge, Verge

Center, Inside, Middle, Interior

His harsh behaviour was visible on the frontier.

Novel

Adjective

new and unusual.

(नया)

Fiction, Astonishing, Odd, Bizarre, Curious, Queer

Common, Normal, Ordinary, Similar, Regular

The virus that infected the entire globe was novel.

Irrespective

Adjective

not taking (something) into account; regardless of.

(निरपेक्ष)

Heedless, Inattentive, Regardless, Careless, Mindless

Attentive, Respectful, Careful, Vigilant

We worked hard irrespective of the wages.

Spike

Noun

a sharp increase.

(वृद्धि)

Fasten, Spear, Rise, Raise

Drop, Diminish, Decrease, Downgrade

There was a sudden spike in the prices of gold.

Breakthrough

Noun

a sudden, dramatic, and important discovery or development.

(दरार)

Boost, Leap, Progress, Hike

Decline, Diminish, Degrade, Downfall

Victory of the Delhi Champions was a breakthrough.

A close watch

Phrase

to pay careful attention to a situation or a thing.

(किसी स्थिति या बात पर सावधानीपूर्वक ध्यान देना)

Consideration, Mind, Scrutiny, Thought, Head, heedless

Disregard, Ignorance, Neglect, Disdain, Negligence

Mother had to keep a close watch on every activity of her child.

Rudimentary

Adjective

involving or limited to basic principles.

(मौलिक)

Elemental, Primitive, Initial, Primary

Difficult, Nonessential, Intricate, Complicated

The father at the church declined the offer as it was against his rudimentary measures.

 

Watch Video of The Hindu Editorial Vocab 15 November 2020

 

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Which of the following elements is polyatomic?