The Hindu Vocabulary 17 October 2020

2020-10-17

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 17 October 2020 is from the Editorial titled ‘Crisis in Caucasus: On Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Ceasefire

Noun

a temporary suspension of fighting.

(संघर्ष विराम)

Respite, Armistice, Peace, Break,

Attack, Fighting, Hostility, Unfriendliness

Both the nations came to conclusive point of ceasefire.

Conflict

Noun

a serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one.

(संघर्ष)

Dispute, Quarrel, Discord, Contention

Agreement, Accord, Unity, Peaceful

The conflict between two parties is harming the peace of the country.

Truce

Noun

an agreement between enemies or opponents to stop fighting or arguing for a certain time.

(युद्धविराम संधि)

Armistice, Peace, Break, Respite

Fighting, Attack, Hostility, Unfriendliness

Nobody abided by the suggestion of truce.

Embolden

Verb

give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something.

(प्रोत्साहित करना)

Encourage, Hearten, Strengthen, Cheer

Dishearten, Discourage, Dispirit, Demoralize

My father’s belief emboldens my instinct to pursue aviation.

Autonomous

Adjective

having the freedom to govern itself or control its own affairs.

(स्वशासी)

Self-governing, Independent, Sovereign, Free

Dependent, Lingering, Reliant, Leaning

India always wanted an autonomous ruling system.

Recede

Verb

go or move back or further away from a previous position.

(पीछे हटना)

Retreat, Go back, Subside, Ebb, Abate

Advance, Approach, Prosper, Roar

After knowing the ill plans, I receded my participation.

Trigger

Verb

cause (a device) to function.

(उत्प्रेरक)

Set off, Prompt, Stimulate, Provoke

Hinder, Obstruct, Stop, Ban

My slight support triggered my brother’s dreams.

Mountainous

Adjective

having many mountains.

(पहाड़ी)

Craggy, Hilly, Rocky, Steep

Flat, Level

Last weekend, we had  a trip to a mountainous place.

De facto

Adverb, Adjective

in fact, whether by right or not.

(वास्तव में)

In fact, In reality, Really, Actually

In theory, De jure

De facto, I was about to quit.

Ally

Noun

a person or organization that cooperates with or helps another in a particular activity.

(मैत्री करना)

Associate, Colleague, Friend, Confederate

Enemy, Opponent, Rival, Objector

The only ally of China is Pakistan.

Pit

Verb

set someone or something in conflict or competition with.

(संघर्ष में किसी को या कुछ सेट करें)

Put in competition, Set against

In hostile, Friendly

The boys tried a lot to pit me against the jumbo wrestler.

Volatile

Adjective

liable to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.

(परिवर्तनशील)

Variable, Unpredictable, Inconsistent, Changing

Consistent, Stable, Constant, Firm, Fixed

My aim and ambition has always been volatile.

Call off

Phrase

to cancel or abandon.

(बंद)

Abort, Rescind, Revoke, Repeal

Begin, Kick start, Commence, Readdress

The match was called off as it started raining.

Hostility

Noun

hostile behaviour; unfriendliness or opposition.

(शत्रुता)

Bitterness, Malevolence, Malice, Spite

Friendliness, Affability, Amiability, Affection

The hostility among the three neighbouring countries can never come to an end.

Diplomatic

Adjective

having or showing an ability to deal with people in a sensitive and tactful way.

(कूट-नीतिक)

Tactful, Prudent, Clever, Skilful

Indiscreet, Tactless

I had to give a diplomatic answer to my mother’s question. I did not want to hurt her.

 

Watch Video of The Hindu Editorial Vocab 17 October 2020

 

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