The Hindu Vocabulary 20 December 2020

2020-12-20

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 20 December 2020 is from the Editorial titled ‘Sanctions overreach: On U.S.'s decision to impose sanctions on Turkey’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Sanction

Noun

official permission or approval for an action.

(प्रतिबंध)

Authorization, Consent, Leave, Permission, Authority

Prohibition, Ban, Prohibit, Obstruct, Hinder

Various sanctions were released by the government this month.

Obliged

Adjective

be indebted or grateful.

(आभारी)

Thankful, Grateful, Appreciative, Beholden, Indebted

Free, Independent, Unobstructed, Unbound, Unconfined

They were obliged to do as I say.

Undermine

Verb

lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.

(कमजोर)

Subvert, Sabotage, Threaten, Weaken, Compromise, Diminish

Enhance, Improve, Strengthen, Nourish, Build up

My brother always undermined my skills.

Implication

Noun

a likely consequence of something.

(उलझाव)

Result, Consequence, Aftermath, Aftereffects, Repercussion, Reverberation

-

The war will have implications on India as well.

Invoke

Verb

cite or appeal to.

(आह्वान)

Adduce, Cite, Instance, Evoke

Waive, Relinquish, Abandon, Reject, Disregard, Forgo

We tried to invoke a response from the landlord.

Suspend

Verb

temporarily prevent from continuing or being in force or effect.

(निलंबित करना)

Exclude, Debar, Keep out, Remove, Eliminate

Consider, Gather, Notice, Note

I got suspended last month and now am looking for something new to do.

Transborder

Adjective

crossing or extending across a border between two countries.

(सीमा पार)

-

-

The transborder tensions will end only if both the nations agree to make compromise.

Meddle

Verb

interfere in something that is not one's concern.

(दखल देना)

Interfere, Intrude, Intervene, Interlope, Poke, Pry

Refrain, Away, Abstain, Desist

I told Akshay not to meddle in my affairs.

Daunting

Adjective

seeming difficult to deal with in prospect; intimidating.

(कठिन)

Formidable, Unsettling, Dismaying, Unnerving

Enjoyable, Pleasant, Pleasing, Satisfying, Agreeable

The daunting night took two of us with it.

Paradigm

Noun

a world view underlying the theories and methodology of a particular scientific subject.

(एक विशेष वैज्ञानिक उप-प्रजाति के सिद्धांतों और कार्यप्रणाली में अंतर्निहित विश्व दृश्य)

Study, Learning, Work, Scholarship, Scope, Ambit

-

The paradigm of the decision was way beyond our expectations.

Spat

Noun

a quarrel about an unimportant matter.

(झगड़ा)

Quarrel, Fight, Row, Disagreement, Brawl, Tumult, Squabble

Reconciliation, Agreement, Accord, Consensus

The spat between the two took a drastic turn.

Unilateralism

Noun

the process of acting, reaching a decision, or espousing a principle unilaterally.

(एकतरफा)

-

-

They believed in unilateralism and disobeyed all what we said.

 

Watch The Hindu Vocabulary 20 December 2020

 

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Which of the following commission was formed by the British after the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?