The Hindu Vocabulary 20 January 2021

2021-01-20

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 20 January 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Injecting confidence: On India’s COVID-19 vaccination drive’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Appraisal

Noun

an act of assessing something or someone.

(किसी चीज या किसी व्यक्ति का आकलन करने की क्रिया।)

Assessment, Evaluation, Judgement, Rating, Gauging

Ignoring, Disregard, Neglect, Pass over

The officer carried out a thorough appraisal.

Disseminate

Verb

spread (something, especially information) widely.

(प्रचार करना)

Disperse, Scatter, Distribute, Disseminate, Diffuse, Leave

Summon, Mingle, Together, Bind, Order, Hold, Meet, Convoke

The information was disseminated at a fast pace.

Tranche

Noun

a portion of something.

(अंश)

Part, Piece, Bit, Chunk, Segment

-

The authorities have released the first tranche of loan.

Inoculation

Noun

the action of inoculating or of being inoculated.

(टीखाकरण)

Vaccination, Immunization, Injection, Jab, Booster, Shot

Danger, Hazard, Risk, Endangered

The inoculation against the virus is readily available.

Upheaval

Noun

a violent or sudden change or disruption to something.

(उथल-पुथल)

Disruption, Trouble, Turbulence, Disorder

Stability, Tranquility, Sustainability, Solidity

We can experience major upheavals in the financial market.

Commendable

Adjective

deserving praise.

(सराहनीय)

Admirable, Praiseworthy, Laudable, Estimable, Meritorious

Reprehensible, Deplorable, Disgraceful, Disreputable

The task accomplished in stipulated time was commendable.

Vulnerable

Adjective

exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

(जो सहज में घायल हो सके)

At risk, Endangered, Unsafe, Unprotected

Safe, Protected, resilient, Tough, Strong, Hard

The little kid was vulnerable to the knife kept on the table.

Efficacy

Noun

the ability of something like a drug or a medical treatment to bring about the results that are wanted.

(प्रभावकारिता)

Adequacy, Competence, Effectiveness, Ability, Capability

Failure, Inadequacy, Inefficiency, Lethargy, Unproductiveness

Irresponsibility will affect efficacy of the efforts you put in work.

Diverse

Adjective

showing a great deal of variety; very different.

(विविध)

Various, Sundry, Manifold, Multiple, Varied

Similar, Uniform, Constant, Consistent

Subjects we studied were diverse.

Sagacity

Noun

the quality of being sagacious.

(बुद्धिमत्ता)

Wisdom, Intelligence, Understanding, Acuity

Folly, Foolishness, Stupidity, Naivety

His sagacity was proven after his strong decision.

Monger

Verb

denoting a person who promotes a specified activity, situation, or feeling, especially one that is undesirable or discreditable.

(एक व्यक्ति को निर्दिष्ट करना जो एक निर्दिष्ट गतिविधि, स्थिति, या भावना को बढ़ावा देता है, विशेष रूप से एक जो अवांछनीय या बदनाम है)

Promoter, Advocate, Supporter, Backer

Opponent, Rival, Adversary, Opposition

He is a protest-monger.

Percolate

Verb

spread gradually through an area or group of people.

(रसना)

Spread, Pass, Penetrate, Permeate, Go

Hinder, Obstruct, Stop, Hamper, Restrict

The ideas discussed at the seminar percolated within hours.

 

Watch The Hindu Vocabulary 20 January 2021

 

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