The Hindu Vocabulary 21 April 2021

2021-04-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 April 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Saving lives: On health facilities in India’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Hurdle

Noun

a problem or difficulty that must be overcome.

(बाधा)

Obstacle, Difficulty, Problem, Barrier, Snag, Bar, Obstruction, Impediment

Free, Freedom, Released, Relieved

We all face hurdles at every step in life.

Ferocious

Adjective

savagely fierce, cruel, or violent.

(क्रूर)

Fierce, Savage, Wild, Feral, Untamed, Predatory, Rapacious

Tamed, Gentle, Kind, Soft, Tender, Moderate

The ferocious beast roared with all power.

Ravaging

Verb

cause severe and extensive damage to.

(विनाशकारी)

Devastate, Ruin, Destroy, Damage, Demolish, Despoil

Encourage, Support, Aid, Bolster

The disaster ravaged all our efforts.

Unprecedented

Adjective

never done or known before.

(अभूतपूर्व)

Unparalleled, Unexpected, Unmatched, Unrivalled

Normal, Common, Simple, Easy, Gradual

The surge in COVID is continuing at an unprecedented pace.

Scramble

Noun

struggle or compete with others for something in an eager or uncontrolled and undignified way.

(संघर्ष)

Jostle, Scuffle, Scrimmage, Tussle, Battle, Struggle

Effortless, Smooth, Easy-going, Simple

People scrambled to get hold of their share in the market.

Mindless

Adjective

acting or done without justification and with no concern for the consequences.

(नासमझ)

Dumb, Dull, Brainless, Idiotic, Half-witted, Dim, Obtuse

Intelligent, Thoughtful, Considered, Premeditated, Imbecile

The leader asked us all to engage in that a task that seemed to be mindless.

Convalescent

Adjective

recovering from an illness or medical treatment.

(अच्छा हो जानेवाला)

Recuperating, Recovering, Mending, Improving, Better, Restorative, Rejuvenating

Weakening, Debilitating, Enervative, Enfeebling, Draining, Devitalizing

His convalescent brother asked us to be at the theatre by 5 PM.

Intravenous

Adjective

existing or taking place within, or administered into, a vein or veins.

(नसों में)

-

-

The nurse rushed for an intravenous drip.

Augment

Verb

make (something) greater by adding to it; increase.

(बढ़ाना)

Increase, Expand, Extend, Raise, Exacerbate, Aggravate

Decrease, Lessen, Reduce,

I decided to augment my income by taking up

Hysteria

Noun

exaggerated or uncontrollable emotion or excitement.

(अतिरंजित या बेकाबू भावना या उत्तेजना)

Frenzy, Wildness, Irrationality, Hysterics, Panic

Calmness, Self-possession, Peaceful, Settled

The hysteria of anti-Semitic has created a fuss throughout.

Substantial

Adjective

of considerable importance, size, or worth.

(पर्याप्त)

Considerable, Real, Material, Weighty, Solid, Meaningful

Insubstantial, Worthless, Flimsy, Slight, Fragile, Weak

I need substantial amount of cash to get this task done.

Prudent

Adjective

acting with or showing care and thought for the future.

(विवेकी)

Wise, Well-judged, Judicious, Sagacious, Shrewd, Sage, Advisable

Unwise, Imprudent, Incautious, Extravagant

No prudent teacher will tell to cram the texts.

 

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Question Of The Day

It is predicted by the experts that water shortage is not far away, it would be a need of the hour to ____________ our water usage.

Select exactly two answer choices that best complete the sentence and produce sentences that are alike in meaning.

i. limit

ii. intensify

iii. amplify

iv. assuage

v. curtail

vi. pacify