The Hindu Vocabulary 22 March 2021

2021-03-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 March 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Delhi undermined: On Centre’s bid to run the National Capital Territory’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Undermine

Verb

lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.

(दुर्बल करना)

Subvert, Sabotage, Threaten, Weaken, Diminish

Push, Urge, Stimulate, Boost, Enhance, Improve, Strengthen

She has always undermined my efforts.

Rollback

Noun

to take back or a reduction or decrease.

(वापस लेना)

Reversal, Withdrawal, Drop, Depleting, Cutback

Promote, Encourage, Bolster, Enlargement, Foster

They have suggested a rollbIack of the new bill.

Antithesis

Noun

a person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else.

(विरोध)

Converse, Reverse, Reversal, Inverse, Contrast, Opposition

Brace, Support, Assist, Aid, Sustain, Maintain, Straightforward

Love is said to be the antithesis of selfishness.

Entrust

Verb

assign the responsibility for doing something to (someone).

(सौंपना)

Charge, Invest, Endow, Burden, Encumber

Withdraw, Remove, Take back, Pull back, Annul, Void, Terminate

Kartik has been entrusted with the responsibility of arranging the files in order.

At pains

Phrase

to try hard (to do something).

(कुछ करने के लिए कड़ी मेहनत करना)

Toil, Struggle, Drudge, Bullock, Moil, Ordeal, Drudgery

Simple, Easy, Laze, Relax, Rest, Peaceable

The team has been at pains throughout the year.

Incongruous

Adjective

not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something.

(बेतुका)

Inappropriate, Unsuitable, Unsuited, Contrary, Jarring, Clashing, Odd

Appropriate, Harmonious, Suitable, Apt, Relevant

The beaded hair style looked incongruous with the dress she wore.

Envisage

Verb

contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.

(परिकल्पना करना)

Foresee, Expect, Predict, Imagine, Visualize, Appreciate, Propose

Sure, Certain, Convinced, Confident, Incontestable

I have envisaged the future of this launch to be in the dark.

Collaborative

Adjective

produced by or involving two or more parties working together.

(सहयोगात्मक)

Jointly, Together, Conjoin, Cooperatively, Concord, Accord

Difference, Dissent, Separately, Apart, Sever

I have been proceeding with a collaborative intention.

Empower

Verb

give (someone) the authority or power to do something.

(सशक्तिकरण)

Authorize, Entitle, Sanction, Warrant, License, Delegate

Forbid, Restrict, Hinder, Obstruct, Prohibit, Proscribe

Jeff decided to empower me with all the new cases.

Subvert

Verb

undermine the power and authority of.

(पलट देना)

Destabilize, Unsettle, Overturn, Sabotage, Topple, Defile

Reconcile, Rectify, Remedy, Resolve, Fix, Settle, Clear

The opposition usually subverts the party in power.

The guiding principle

Phrase

an idea that influences you very much when making a decision or considering a matter.

(ऐसा विचार जो निर्णय लेते समय या किसी मामले पर विचार करते समय आपको बहुत प्रभावित करता है।)

Influential, Crucial, Inspiring, Persuasive, Controlling

Unimportant, Insignificant, Trivial, Negligible, Unsubstantial, Frivolous

My father’s advice has always been the guiding principle for me.

Verdict

Noun

opinion, judgment.

(निर्णय)

Judgement, Adjudication, Decision, Result, Conclusion

Beginning, Inception, Cause, Origin

The judge has passed the verdict early for this case.

 

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