The Hindu Vocabulary 23 July 2021

2021-07-23

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 23 July 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Water as woe: On Mumbai’s annual mayhem’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Mayhem

Noun

violent or extreme disorder; chaos.

(खलबली)

Chaos, Disorder, Confusion, Havoc, Bedlam, Tumult

Calm, Settled, Undisputed, Tranquil, Stable, Pacified

There was complete mayhem in the region.

Parlous

Adjective

full of danger or uncertainty; precarious.

(संकटपूर्ण)

Bad, Dire, Dreadful, Awful, Terrible, Appalling, Frightful, Grave

Good, Pleasant, Enjoyable, Nice, Agreeable, Satisfying

The government was worried about the parlous state of the economy.

Crippling

Adjective

causing a severe and almost insuperable problem.

(अशक्त कर देने वाला)

Crushing, Damaging, Impairing, Hampering, Harming

-

The delivery charges rose to a crippling 12 percent.

Staggering

Adjective

deeply shocking; astonishing.

(चौंका देने वाला)

Shocking, Stunned, Appalling, Astonishing, Horrifying, Frightful, Terrible

Admirable, Wonderful, Delightful, Commendable, Praiseworthy, Notable

All members were perturbed with the staggering bills of maintenance.

Inundation

Noun

an overwhelming abundance of people or things.

(बाढ़)

Flood, Overflow, Rush, Influx, Torrent, Deluge

-

An inundation of fans created chaos.

Malady

Noun

a disease or ailment.

(बीमारी)

Illness, Sickness, Ailment, Disorder, Complaint, Disease, Infection

-

He is suffering from an incurable malady.

Hovel

Noun

a small squalid or simply constructed dwelling.

(झुग्गी झोपड़ी)

Shack, Slum, Shanty, Hut, Shed, Dump

-

 The beggar lived in a hovel across the road.

Notorious

Adjective

famous or well known, typically for some bad quality or deed.

(बदनाम)

Infamous, Ill-famed, Scandalous, Well-known, Famous, Famed, Celebrated

Unknown, Anonymous, Faceless, Irrelevant, Undiscovered

Rajesh is a notorious fellow.

Perennial

Adjective

lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring.

(सदाबहार)

Everlasting, Perpetual, Eternal, Continuing, Unending, Never-ending

Ending, Finish, Close, Closing, Resolution, Conclusion, Finale, Stopping, Termination

He kept on vouching for his perennial trust in the process.

Amorphously

Adverb

without a clearly defined shape or form.

(आकारहीन)

Shapelessly, Formlessly, Unformed, Unshaped, Unstructured, Indefinite

Shaped, Definite, Explicit, Precise, Exact, Defined

He contributed amorphously to the procedure.

 

 

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Halam community is categrorised as a scheduled tribe in which Indian state?