The Hindu Vocabulary 23 June 2021

2021-06-23

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 23 June 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘A perpetual war: On dilemmas of ending U.S's 'forever war' in Afghanistan’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Perpetual

Adjective

never ending or changing.

(निरन्तर)

Everlasting, Never-ending, Eternal, Permanent, Unending, Endless

Transitory, Temporary, Intermittent, Transient, Brief, Short

The auditorium with perpetual darkness was left the same way.

Dilemma

Noun

a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives, especially ones that are equally undesirable.

(दुविधा)

Quandary, Predicament, Difficulty, Problem, Puzzle, Conundrum

Clarity, Clear, Lucidity, Coherence, Simplicity

My dilemma was explained in a nutshell by him.

Helming

Verb

to manage.

(सँभालना)

Administer, Control, Direct, Organize, Regulate

Squander, Irregular, Misuse, Unorganized

The magazine was helmed in the 90s.

Tepid

Adjective

showing little enthusiasm.

(उत्साहहीन)

Unenthusiastic, Apathetic, Indifferent, Cool, Offhand, Desultory

Enthusiastic, Passionate, Intense, Ardent, Fervent

The applause from the audience was tepid.

Vortexes

Noun

a whirling mass of fluid or air, especially a whirlpool or whirlwind.

(चक्रवात)

Whirlwind, Whirlpool, Gyre, Swirl, Swirling

-

We all were caught in a vortex of water.

Spiralling

Verb

show a continuous and dramatic increase.

(चढ़ती)

Soar, Rise, Increase, Escalate, Climb

Drop, Decrease, Diminish, Fall, Fail

At present, inflation has continued to spiral.

Pervading

Verb

spread through and be perceived in every part of.

(व्यापक)

Permeate, Fill, Suffuse, Imbue, Penetrate, Infuse

Withdraw, Remove, Snatch, Extract, Draw out

The smell of stale food pervaded the air.

Leeway

Noun

the amount of freedom to move or act that is available.

(छूट)

Freedom, Scope, Latitude, Slack, Elbow room

Constrained, Restrained, Restricted, Controlled, Curbed

The government had greater leeway to introduce reforms.

Fragmentation

Noun

the process or state of breaking or being broken into fragments.

(विखंडन)

Classification, Division, Segregation, Separation, Isolation

Integration, Inclusion, Involvement, Combination

The fragmentation of the group into a collection of protesting groups.

Tenor

Noun

a continuance in a course, movement, or activity.

(निरंतरता)

Continuation, Carrying on, Protraction, Maintenance, Prolongation

Delay, Detain, Retard, Hinder, Hamper, Impede

The rigorous effect encouraged him to favour the tenor of war.

Powerbrokers

Noun

a person who deliberately affects the distribution of political or economic power by exerting influence or by intrigue.

(सत्ता के दलाल)

-

-

For the real power brokers, a new scheme was regulated.

 

 

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Amit is asked to draw the angle of measure 60°. But due to his negligence, he drew the angle of measure 60° 27’. What is the percentage error in his drawing?