The Hindu Vocabulary 26 April 2021

2021-04-26

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 26 April 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Judges pro tem: On appointment of ad hoc judges in High Courts’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Ad hoc

Adjective

created or done for a particular purpose as necessary.

(आवश्यक रूप से किसी विशेष उद्देश्य के लिए बनाया या किया गया।)

Impromptu, Extempore, Extemporary, Expedient, Emergency, Improvised

Instant, Planned, Fixed, Set, Predetermined

The ad hoc software was highly in demand.

Invoke

Verb

give rise to; evoke.

(आह्वान)

Elicit, Induce, Cause, Kindle, Bring out

Settle, Subdue, Conquer, Demolish, Settled

We decided not to invoke any response from the criminal.

Indictment

Noun

a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.

(कलंक)

Charge, Acquisition, Arraignment, Citation, Allegation

Acquittal, Absolution, Clearing, Exoneration, Discharge, Freeing

An indictment for conspiracy is beyond understanding.

Tardiness

Noun

the quality or fact of being late; lateness.

(मंदी)

Lateness, Delay, Retardation, Belatedness, Unpunctual, Late

Punctual, Timeliness, On time, Timely, On the dot, Early

The tardiness in the process is suspicious.

Consent

Noun

permission for something to happen or agreement to do something.

(सहमति)

Agreement, Assent, Concurrence, Accord, Permission, Authorization

Dissent, Disagreement, Argument, Difference, Defiance, Opposition

His consent was needed for the further processing.

Pendency

Noun

the state, condition, or period of being pending or awaiting settlement.

(लम्बित)

Unresolved, Undecided, Unsettled, Unconcluded, Uncertain

Resolved, Settled, Decided, Certain, Fixed, Sure

The pendency of these many cases reflects suspicion.

Backlog

Noun

an accumulation of uncompleted work or matters needing to be dealt with.

(बकाया)

Accumulation, Logjam, Pile, Heap, Mountain, Excess, Arrears

Advance, Proceed, Approach, Further, Forward

We had an urgency of clearing the backlog work.

Sparingly

Adverb

in a restricted or infrequent manner; in small quantities.

(किफ़ायत से)

Confined, Constrained, Small, Narrow, Compact

Broad, Roomy, Spacious, Unrestricted, Unconstrained

I couldn’t assign the duties sparingly.

Endeavour

Noun

an attempt to achieve a goal.

(प्रयास)

Attempt, Try, Bid, Effort, Trial, Venture, Crack

Stop, Halt, Stoppage, Control, Restriction

He was ready to begin with his endeavour.

Transitory

Adjective

not permanent.

(क्षणसाथी)

Temporary, Transient, Brief, Short, Short-lived, Short-term

Permanent, Perpetual, Lasting, Enduring, Long-lived, Lifelong

All my ideas were transitory.

Constrain

Noun

severely restrict the scope, extent, or activity of.

(विवश करना)

Restrict, Limit, Control, Restrain, Regulate, Contain

Free, Release, Relieve, Freedom, Liberty

The only constrain was his presence.

Propensity

Noun

an inclination or natural tendency to behave in a particular way.

(झुकाव)

Tendency, Inclination, Predisposition, Proneness, Proclivity, Readiness

Sternness, Strictness, Stubborn, Stiff, Adamant

The propensity towards the investment in stock has increased over a period of few years.

Expedite

Verb

make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.

(शीघ्र)

Accelerate, Hurry, Hasten, Quicken, Precipitate, Facilitate, Promote, Aid

Delay, Hinder, Obstruct, Hamper, Impede, Inhibit

We had to expedite our actions for recovery.

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If mixture A has methane and ethane in the ratio of 1 : 1. If ethane in a quantity that is three times the quantity of mixture A is added to mixture A, then what is the ratio of methane to ethane in the resultant mixture?