The Hindu Vocabulary 28 December 2020

2020-12-28

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 28 December 2020 is from the Editorial titled ‘Limits of sovereignty: On U.K.-EU post-Brexit deal’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Avert

Verb

Prevent.

(टालना)

Stop, Halt, Pause, Fend off, Turn aside

Continue, Going, Continual, Unstoppable

We tried our best to avert the mishappening.

Catastrophic

Adjective

extremely unfortunate or unsuccessful.

(आपत्तिजनक)

Disastrous, Calamitous, Ruinous, Tragic, Fatal

Fortunate, Beneficial, Advantageous, Helpful, Useful

The flood was catastrophic.

Accord

 

Noun

give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).

(सहमति)

Agree, Tally, Concur, Coincide, Hand, Accept

Reject, Remove, Withhold, Disagree, Contrast

The accord signed was of great help.

Mitigate

Verb

make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.

(कम करना)

Lessen, Reduce, Decrease, Drop, Diminish

Increase, Raise, Rise, Uphold, Upward, Forward

The leader helped to mitigate the team’s woes.

Watchdog

Noun

a person or group that monitors the practices of companies providing a particular service or utility.

(निगरानी)

Monitor, Scrutineer, Observer, Supervisor

-

The watchdog gave all the necessary information.

Exaggerate

Verb

represent (something) as being larger, better, or worse than it really is.

(विस्तृत रूप से वर्णन करना)

Overstate, Emphasise, Stress, Overstress, Overestimate

Underestimate, lower, Degrade, Devalue

I had to exaggerate the plan and make it sound the best one.

Undercut

Verb

weaken; undermine.

(घटा करना)

Undersell, Underbid, Undermine, Weaken, Impair

Overvalue, Improve, Raise, Develop, Improvement

The strategy was undercut by all the opponents.

Apprehension

Noun

anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen.

(शंका)

Anxiety, Angst, Alarm, Worry, Uneasiness, Unease

Relaxed, Confidence, Trust, Belief, Faith, Credence

There was an apprehension about the new idea to be applied.

Stumble

Verb

trip or momentarily lose one's balance; almost fall.

(ठोकर)

Stagger, Stutter, Hesitate, Falter

Stability, Balance, Stabilise, Steadiness

The people stumbled on the floor as they entered the hall.

Unduly

Adverb

to an unwarranted degree; inordinately.

(अनुचित या अयोग्य रीति से)

Excessively, Disproportionately, Needlessly, Inordinately

Duly, Appropriately, Properly, Regularly

There was an unduly drop in the price of millets.

Purview

Noun

the scope of the influence or concerns of something.

(परिधि)

Scope, Range, Extent, Area

-

The purview of the virus is beyond anyone’s understanding.

Rancour

Verb

bitterness or resentfulness, especially when long standing.

(विद्वेष)

Bitterness, Spite, Hate, Hatred, Resentment

Love, Amiability, Amicability, Friendly

Rancour between the two could not be easily resolved.

Hardliner

Noun

a member of a group, typically a political group, who adheres uncompromisingly to a set of ideas or policies.

(कट्टरपंथी)

Honest, Follower, Abider, Reformer

Liar, Betrayer, Destroyer, Destructor

Yash seems to be a hardliner.

Juxtapose

Verb

place or deal with close together for contrasting effect.

(तुलना करना)

Mix, Compare, Collocate, Colligate

Sever, Separate, Differ, Divide, Aside

The black and white pictures were juxtaposed with colour ones.

 

Watch The Hindu Vocabulary 28 December 2020

 

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Which of the following commission was formed by the British after the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?