The Hindu Vocabulary 28 March 2022

2022-03-28

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 28 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Heartening milestone: On India’s overseas shipments record.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Heartening

Adjective

Causing happiness.

(खुशी का कारण।)

Reassuring, Cheering, Promising, Hopeful

Daunt, Discourage, Dishearten, Dispirit

It was heartening to hear the news about the birth of my niece.

Beyond

Adverb

Farther away.

(परे)

Farther, Further, Yonder, Behind

Close, Nearby, Near, Here

From our rooftop, we can see the hills beyond.

Noun

Something that lies outside the scope of ordinary experience

(कुछ ऐसा जो सामान्य अनुभव के दायरे से बाहर है)

Afterlife, Eternity, Hereafter, Immortality

-

There is a beyond that the humans can’t see.

 

Preposition

To the farther side of.

More than.

(के परे/ से बाहर)

Above, After, Ahead, Before

-

My house is located beyond Jamun trees.

Milestone

Noun

A significant point in development.

A stone acting as a milepost.

(मील का पत्थर)

Climacteric, Climax, Anniversary, Breakthrough, Discovery

-

The new law is a milestone in the betterment of the farmers.

Stopgap

Noun

Something that serves as a substitute for something.

(एवज़/ डाटनेवाला पदार्थ)

Expedient, Makeshift, Improvisation

Permanent, Solution

The new coach is here only as a stopgap.

Expedite

Verb

Make happen faster

(शीघ्र)

Accelerate, Assist, Facilitate, Dispatch

Delay, Hinder, Stop, Halt

The construction of the new building needs to be expedited.

Merchandise

Noun

The commodities and goods that are bought and sold.

(व्यापार)

Commodity, Material, Product, Stock

-

My uncle has a variety of merchandise at his shop.”

Verb

To buy and sell in business.

To promote for sale.

(व्यापार करना)

Vend, Advertise, Market, Deal, Retail

Buy, Purchase

The local traders are merchandising local tiles along with Italian marbles.

Fiscal

Adjective

Relating to the public revenues.

(राजकोषीय)

Monetary, Financial, Budgetary, Economic

-

The fiscal deficit needs to be covered in the coming months.

Bruise

Noun

An injury without a break in the overlying skin.

An injury especially to the feelings.

(चोट/ छ्लिना)

Blemish, Contusion, Discolouration

-

He fell from the stairs and got a bruise on his left leg.

Verb

To break down by pounding.

To injure slightly.

(नील लगाना/ मसलना)

Batter, Blacken, Crush, Injure

Aid, Compliment, Cure, Heal

His feelings get bruised easily.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

Pandemic has caused financial problems in many sectors.

Sheer

Adjective

Of very thin texture.

Being free from an adulterant.

Unqualified.

Utter.

(निरा/ महीन)

Steep, Erect, Upright, Arduous, Outright, Pure, Simple, Unadulterated, Lacy, Translucent

Sloping, Horizontal, Indefinite, Mixed, Cloudy, Heavy, Opaque

This is an act of sheer ignorance.

Adverb

Straight up.

In a complete manner.

(सर्वथा/ बिलकुल)

-

-

They ran sheer into the quarrel.

Noun

A minute piece of clothing.

(एक बहुत ही महीन कपड़ा या लेख)

-

-

I have put up new sheers and curtains in the room.

Verb

To deviate from a course.

(पाठ्यक्रम से विचलित होना)

Detour, Deviate, Diverge, Swerve

Continue

The boat sheered up to the beach.

Impact

Noun

The act of hitting something with force.

The power or influence of someone or something.

(प्रभाव)

Brunt, Shock, Bang, Clash

-

The impact of injuries is often seen after a few days.

Verb

To have a direct effect.

The contact of one object with another in a forcible manner.

(किसी पर या किसी चीज पर गहरा प्रभाव डालना/ एक वस्तु का दूसरी वस्तु से टकराना)

Jolt, Clash, Crash, Kick

-

Your pieces of advice have impacted my life in a good way.

Surge

Noun

A wavelike movement.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Flood, Flow, Growth

Decline, Constant

A surge in interest rates will not be welcomed by the public.

Verb

To rise and fall immediately.

To rise suddenly.

(हिलोरे मारना)

Climb, Flow, Grow, Rise

Fall, Stagnant

Our cruise ship was surging in the heavy seas.

Sustain

Verb

A person who is given to jokes.

(बनाए रखना/ संभालना)

Assist, Bolster, Continue, Feel, Have, See, Suffer

Harm, Hinder, Hurt, Obstruct, Disallow, Avoid

The roof is strong enough to sustain the weight of heavy snowfall.

Envoy

Noun

A diplomatic agent.

A person delegated to represent the government.

(दूत/ प्रतिनिधि)

Agent, Ambassador, Delegate, Minister

Receiver

The president sent me as his personal envoy to gain support in favour of the bill.

Enlarge

Verb

To increase in extent or quantity.

To increase the capacity.

To grow larger.

(विस्तार करना/ बढ़ती करना)

Augment, Boost, Build, Expand, Extend

Abbreviate, Abridge, Compress, Contract

The management has decided to enlarge the company.

Tempered

Verb

Reduce or balance the force on something.

(किसी चीज पर बल कम या संतुलित करना)

Allay, Assuage, Mitigate, Palliate, Lessen, Weaken, Lighten

Increase, Enhance, Raise, Heighten

The management has tempered the workers’ anger.

Outpace

Verb

To surpass or exceed.

(आगे बढ़ जाना)

Pass, Eclipse, Outshine, Beat, Dominate, Excel, Outclass, Outperform

Fail, Lose, Surrender

The leadership should aim to outpace all the development project’s completion rates.

Deficit

Noun

A loss in some operations.

Deficiency in amount.

(घाटा)

Loss, Shortfall, Scantiness, Shortcoming

Abundance, Satisfaction, Success, Sufficiency

My medical tests suggested a deficit of Vitamin D and Vitamin B12.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

We are really worried by rising inflation.

Raft

Noun

A floating platform.

(बेड़ा)

Barge, Boat, Mat, Craft

-

We created a rubber raft to cross the lake.

Verb

To use a raft.

(बेड़ा चलाना)

-

-

We went to Rishikesh for River Rafting.

 

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?