The Hindu Vocabulary 29 January 2022

2022-01-29

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 29 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Wrong route: On Kerala Lok Ayukta law’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Amend

Verb

Make minor changes in (a text) in order to make it fairer, more accurate, or more up-to-date.

(संशोधन)

Alter, Enhance, Modify, Rectify, Revise

Lower, Worsen, Break, Decrease, Depress, Destroy

The laws were amended to address the concerns of the farmers.

Hasty

Adjective

Done or acting with excessive speed or urgency

(त्वरित)

Quick, Hurried, Fast, Swift, Expeditious, Rapid

Careful, Slow, Sluggish, Thoughtful, Cautious, Delayed

The hasty attempt by Raju to diffuse fire proved fatal.

Provision

Noun

The action of providing or supplying something for use.

(प्रावधान)

Arrangement, Plan, Providing, Equipping

Removal, Taking

There was no provision of returning the items once sold at the store.

Allegation

Noun

A claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof.

(आरोप)

Claim, Assertion, Declaration, Argument, Accusation

Exculpation, Denial

The allegations imposed on Suresh included robbery and murder charges.

Substantiate

Verb

Provide evidence to support or prove the truth of

(सिद्ध करना)

Prove, Support, Validate, Corroborate, Verify, Justify

 

All charges were dropped against Shushmita as the police found nothing to substantiate the allegations.

Dilute

Verb

To weaken

(मन्द करना)

 

Adulterate, Alter, Decrease, Diminish, Lessen

Aggravate, Strengthen, Thicken, Develop

The company diluted the value of stock held by the investors.

Stringent

Adjective

Rigid

(कठोर)

Binding, Demanding, Strict, Tough, Draconian, Harsh

Amenable, Kind, Calm, Easy, Lenient

The government favoured stringent rules regarding traffic.

Promulgate

Verb

Promote or make widely known (an idea or cause).

(घोषणा करना)

Spread, Communicate, Propagate, Disseminate, Declare, Notify

Bottle up, Collect, Conceal, Gather, Hide

The CEO promulgated the objectives within the organisation.

Regime

Noun

Leadership of organisation

(प्रशासन)

 

Administration, Rule, Reign, System, Management, Government

-

The regime of the dictator ended after he was killed by the forces.

Nepotism

Noun

The practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs.

(भाई – भतीजावाद)

Favouritism, Preferential treatment, Bias, Partiality, Partisanship

Fairness

The new Prime Minister promised to end nepotism.

Implication

Noun

The action or state of being involved in something. (निहितार्थ)

Conclusion, Connotation, Indication, Ramification

Measurement, Proof, Reality, Truth

The implication from the situation is that the property belongs to Rahul only.

Curious

Adjective

Eager to know or learn something.

(जिज्ञासु)

Inquisitive, Interested, Analytical, Interfering

Incurious, Unconcerned, Disinterested, Ordinary

She was very curious about the new release of the book.

Very odd

(अजीब)

Bizarre, Exotic, Mysterious, Peculiar, Strange

Common, Regular, Standard, Normal

A curious situation occurred when they moved to the new house.

Conviction

Noun

A formal declaration that someone is guilty of a criminal offense, made by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law.

(दोषसिद्धि)

Declaration, Sentence, Certitude, Judgement

Uncertainty, Overturning

Mihir had a conviction for the same offence.

Belief

(आस्था)

Faith, Feeling, Principle, Sentiment, View

Distrust, Doubt, Disbelief

He was firm in his convictions while making rules.

Disposed

Adjective

Inclined or Willing

(उतारू)

 

Minded, Prepared, Ready, Keen, Eager

Disinclined, Unwilling, Unlikely

Harshit was not disposed to buy the new car.  

Chary

Adjective

Cautiously or suspiciously reluctant to do something.

(सावधान)

Wary, Cautious, Heedful, Careful Distrustful

Careless, Hasty, Incautious, Rash, Heedless

Sheena was chary of using credit cards.

 

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If mixture A has methane and ethane in the ratio of 1 : 1. If ethane in a quantity that is three times the quantity of mixture A is added to mixture A, then what is the ratio of methane to ethane in the resultant mixture?