The Hindu Vocabulary 3 May 2021

2021-05-03

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 03 May 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Promises to keep: On Joe Biden’s first address to U.S. Congress’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Vigorously

Adverb

in a way that involves physical strength, effort, or energy; strenuously.

(ज़ोरों के साथ)

Strongly, Powerfully, Forcefully, Potently, Forcibly

Easily, Effortlessly, Comfortably, Simply, Straightforwardly

She took a bow vigorously.

Reassert

Verb

assert again.

(साबित करना)

Declare, Maintain, Mention, Claim, Propound

Ignore, deny, Denial, Refute, Refuse

The truth was reasserted by him.

Hegemon

Noun

a supreme leader.

(एक सर्वोच्च नेता)

Chief, Head, Principal, Commander, Captain, Figurehead

Follower, Supporter, Advocate, Backer, Devotee

I believed him to be a hegemon.

Coterminous

Adjective

having the same boundaries or extent in space, time, or meaning.

(एक सीमा)

-

-

The coterminous parliament and the valley are to be looked after.

Fraught

Adjective

causing or affected by anxiety or stress.

(चिंता या तनाव से उत्पन्न या प्रभावित)

Anxious, Worried, Stress, Distraught, Overwrought, Agitated

Calm, Pacify, Tranquil, Serene, Peaceful

The hall witnessed fraught silence.

Funnelling

Verb

guide or channel (something) through or as if through a funnel.

(गाइड या चैनल)

Guide, Channel, Feed, Direct, Convey, Move, Pour

Splurge, Scatter, Throw, Mingle, Confuse, Distribute

Some amount was funnelled through the plan.

Mollify

Verb

appease the anger or anxiety of (someone).

(शमन करना)

Appease, Placate, Pacify, Conciliate, Humour, Soothe, Calm

Enrage, Infuriate, Antagonize, Inflame, Madden

New regulations were imposed to mollify the natives.

Overzealous

Adjective

too zealous in one's attitude or behaviour.

(ज्यादा)

Thrilled, Elevated, Exhilarated, Animated, Electrified

Indifferent, Depressed, Mediocre, Dull, Down

He’s been overzealous with his new work.

Wrought

Noun

made or fashioned in the specified way.

(निर्दिष्ट तरीके से बनाया या बनाया गया।)

-

-

We enjoyed well-wrought pop music.

Quid pro quo

Noun

a favour or advantage granted in return for something.

(किसी चीज के बदले में दिया जाने वाला उपकार या लाभ)

Favour, Trade, Swap, Switch, Barter, Substitute

Mean, Singularity, One-sided, Biased, Prejudiced

Both the parties made a quid pro quo for the release of hostages.

Throw down the gauntlet

Phrase

issue a challenge.

(एक चुनौती जारी करें)

Dare, Provocation, Summons, Problem, Trial, Bother

Encourage, Enhance, boost, Bolster

He threw down the gauntlet to his colleagues.

Espionage

Noun

the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.

(जासूसी)

Spying, Surveillance, Infiltration, Intelligence, Recon

Ignorance, Negligence, Avoid, Disregard

The secrecy of espionage was borne by him.

Aggression

Noun

feelings of anger or antipathy resulting in hostile or violent behaviour; readiness to attack or confront.

(आक्रमण)

Hostility, Aggressiveness, Belligerence, Antagonism

Meekness, Patience, Forbearance, Resignation, Gentleness

All his friends were fed up of his aggression.

 

 

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The Gupta Empire was divided into provinces known as ________.