The Hindu Vocabulary 30 January 2021

2021-01-30

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 30 January 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Tempered optimism: On India’s sliding COVID-19 graph’.

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Tempered

Verb

reduce or balance the force on something.

(किसी चीज पर बल कम या संतुलित करना)

Allay, Assuage, Mitigate, Palliate, Lessen, Weaken, Lighten

Increase, Enhance, Raise, Heighten

They tempered all his anger by involving him in the activity.

Hesitancy

Noun

the quality or state of being hesitant.

(संदेह)

Uncertainty, Hesitation, Hesitance, Doubt

Clarity, Certainty, Resolution, Willingness

The leader took advantage of his subordinates’ hesitancy.

Vial

Noun

a small container, typically cylindrical and made of glass, used especially for holding liquid medicines.

(शीशी)

Container, Bottle, Jar, Glass

-

The vial was broken mistakenly.

Occupancy

Noun

the action or fact of occupying a place.

(किसी स्थान पर कब्जा करने की क्रिया या तथ्य।)

Tenancy, Residence, Residency, Habitation

Vacancy, Left, Alone, Deprived

The hall was not ready for occupancy.

Outlying

Adjective

situated far from a centre; remote.

(दूर का)

Distant, Remote, Far, Outer, Faraway

Central, Major, Important, Necessary

The outlying principles were neglected completely.

Status quo

Noun

the existing state of affairs, especially regarding social or political issues.

(मौजूदा मामलों की स्थिति, विशेष रूप से सामाजिक या राजनीतिक मुद्दों के बारे में।)

-

-

The officials tried their best to maintain status quo.

Prudent

Adjective

acting with or showing care and thought for the future.

(विवेकपूर्ण)

Wise, Well-judged, Judicious, Sagacious, Sage

Unwise, Imprudent, Incautious, Extravagant

He was not prudent enough to resolve the mystery.

Cognisance

Noun

knowledge or awareness.

(ध्यान में रखते)

Awareness, Notice, Knowledge, Apprehension

Ignorance, Negligence, Negligent, Avoid, Ignore

The king’s cognizance was limited.

Moot

Noun

subject to debate, dispute, or uncertainty.

(विवादास्पद)

Debatable, Arguable, Doubtful, Open, Problematic

Settled, Perfect, Ideal, Determined

The rights or farm laws are moot point at present.

Recalcitrant

Adjective

having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline.

(अड़ियल)

Uncooperative, Intractable, Unmanageable, Defiant, Difficult

Amenable, Docile, Compliant, Biddable

His attitude was a recalcitrant one.

Vigil

Noun

a period of keeping awake during the time usually spent asleep, especially to keep watch or pray.

(जागरण)

Aware, Awake, Apprised, Informed

Unaware, Ignorant, Oblivious, Ignorant

It is vigil that will lead us towards light.

Mutation

Noun

the action or process of mutating.

(परिवर्तन)

Alteration, Change, Transition, Transformation, Modification

Static, Still, Same, Similar

The mutation of anger to a positive and light mood.

Seropositivity

Noun

having or being a positive serum reaction especially in a test for the presence of an antibody.

(विशेष रूप से एक एंटीबॉडी की उपस्थिति के लिए एक परीक्षण में एक सकारात्मक सीरम प्रतिक्रिया होने या होने।)

-

-

The seropositivity survey shows raging results.

 

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In the sentence identify the segment which contains the grammatical error. If there is no error, mark as ‘no error’.

I couldn’t help him, not because I do not want to, but because I had no time.