The Hindu Vocabulary 31 December 2020

2020-12-31

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 31 December 2020 is from the Editorial titled ‘Caution pays: On Centre’s COVID-19 surveillance guidelines’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Surveillance

Noun

close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal.

(निगरानी)

Observation, Scrutiny, Watch, Inspection, Monitoring

Ignorance, Inexperience, Incomprehension, Avoidance

The surveillance by the officials was much needed to be tracked.

Threshold

Noun

the maximum level of radiation or a concentration of a substance considered to be acceptable or safe.

(स्तर)

Minimum, Margin, Limen, Limit

-

We could not decide on the threshold.

Trajectory

Noun

the path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.

(जिस मार्ग का अनुसरण किया जाता है)

Course, Route, Path, Track, Line

-

The trajectory shared got us to the exact point.

Critical

Adjective

very great; intense.

(गंभीर)

Acute, Serious, Grave, Critical, Dire, Drastic

Minor, Negligible, Gentle, Slight

The situation was extremely critical and nobody thought to deal with it.

Anecdotal

Adjective

not necessarily true or reliable.

(उपाख्यानात्मक)

Informal, Unreliable, Unscientific, Uncertain, Unsure

Sure, Certain, Reliable, Formal

I couldn’t derive an anecdotal evidence against anyone.

Vigil

Adjective

Attentive.

(सचेत)

Attentive, Respectful, Careful, Vigilant

Heedless, Inattentive, Regardless, Careless, Mindless

We were all vigil of the attacks every now and then.

Underscore

Verb

Emphasize.

(बल देना)

Highlight, Point up, Spotlight, Foreground, Stress

Understate, Play down, Downplay, Underrate

My maid underscored the need of new broomstick.

Mandate

Noun

a form of written command in the name of a court or other legal authority to act, or abstain from acting, in a particular way.

(एक अदालत के नाम पर लिखित आदेश का एक रूप)

Writ, Summons, Command, Mandate, Prescript, Warrant

-

The court issued a mandate against the last driven order.

Seize

Verb

to capture.

(पकड़ना)

Captured, Catch, Seize, Arrest

Run, Run away, Escape, Abscond, Vamoose

The pilots seized the word war among them.

Compliance

Noun

the act of following the rules.

(अनुपालन)

Abiding, Following, Sticking, Ensuring

Defiance, Opposition, Resistance, Disobedience

We couldn’t express compliance with the norms as they were deviating.

Essential

Adjective

of vital importance; crucial.

(अनिवार्य)

Vital, Crucial, Critical, Essential, Exigent, Urgent

Unimportant, Optional, Voluntary, Discretionary

It is essential to note the ill-effects of the virus.

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