The Hindu Vocabulary 31 July 2021

2021-07-31

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 31 July 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Virulence and variance: On post-pandemic economic strains’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Virulence

Noun

bitter hostility; rancour.

(उग्रता)

Antagonism, Bitterness, Malevolence, Malice, Spite, Venom, Wrath

Friendliness, Approval, Acceptance, Consent, Favour, Liking

The residents were pained with the virulence of attacks.

Starkly

Adverb

in a way that is severe or harsh in appearance or outline.

(स्पष्ट रूप से)

Intensely, Harshly, Seriously, Rudely, Severely

Minor, Negligibly, Gently, Slightly, Slight, lightly

They were starkly against the policy.

Forecast

Noun

a prediction of the likely outcome of a situation.

(भविष्य-कथन)

Prognosis, Prediction, Projection, Prophecy

-

The forecast by the weather department did not help.

Drag

Noun

the action of pulling something forcefully or with difficulty. (देर तक जारी रखना)

Pull, Tug, Tow, Heave, Yank, Resistance, Braking, Retardation

-

The drag of the current took me back.

Lagging

Verb

fail to keep up with another or others in movement or development.

(पश्चगामी)

Fall behind, Straggle, Fall back, Linger, Dally, Dawdle

Lead, hurry, Keep Up, Pace up, Fasten, Take hold

We’ve been lagging in submitting our responses.

Surge

Noun

a sharp increase in the magnitude or concentration of something.

(वृद्धि)

Grow, Enlarge, Expand, Swell, Rise, Climb, Escalate, Spike

Decrease, Reduce, Lessen, Reduce, Drop

There is a surge in number of infections.

Downgrade

Verb

reduce to a lower grade, rank, or level of importance.

(दरजा घटाना)

Demote, Lower, Relegate, Bust, Degrade, Disparage

Upgrade, Promote, Praise, Talk up, Scale up, Enhance, Encourage, Boost, Bolster

My profile has been downgraded from skilled to semi-skilled.

Severe

Adjective

the fact or condition of being serious.

(तीव्रता)

Seriousness, Gravity, Strength, Intensity, Ferocity

Mildness, Leniency, Geniality, Elaboration, Simplicity

Nobody understood how severe the case was.

Effusive

Adjective

showing or expressing gratitude, pleasure, or approval in an unrestrained or heartfelt manner.

(अधिक भावुक)

Gushing, Gushy, Unrestrained, Unreserved, Extravagant, Fulsome

Restrained, Controlled, Restricted, Moderate, Steady

They gave me an effusive welcome.

Rebound

Verb

have an opposite and undesirable effect to what was intended.

(जवाबी हमला)

Backfire, Boomerang, Come back, Fail, Spring

Stay, Still, Settle, Fixed, Controlled

My action rebounded when the officer came to know about my secret intentions.

Visceral

Adjective

relating to deep inward feelings rather than to the intellect.

(अंतरांगी)

Innate, Instinctive, Gut, deep-down, Instinctual

-

We had a visceral fear of change.

Expedite

Verb

make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.

(शीघ्र निबटाना)

Accelerate, Expedite, Hurry, Fasten, Hasty, Quick, Swift

Delay, Slow down, Hold back, Setback, Laidback

I had to expedite the expansion.

 

Watch 31 July The Hindu Editorial Video

 

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A cheque, which becomes payable to the person or organization whose name is specified on the cheque is known as-