The Hindu Vocabulary 4 January 2022

2022-01-04

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 4 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Fair and safe: On five State elections amid COVID-19 surge'.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Ensure

Verb

To make sure of.

To guarantee.

(पक्का करना)

Assure, Establish, Insure, Effect

Endanger, Harm, Hurt, Neglect

You need to ensure the safety of all your family members.

Assess

Verb

To determine something or to make a judgment.

To estimate officially the value or amount of something.

(आकलन)

Appraise, Check, Nick, Fix, Levy

Give, Remit

The damages caused due to cyclone were assessed by the committee.

Preparedness

Noun

The state of being prepared.

The state of preparation.

(तत्परता)

Alertness, Mobility, Preparation, Zeal

-

The defence committee assessed the preparedness of the Indian Army at the potential warfront.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

The Covid-19 pandemic is the worst situation in modern times.

Mandatory

Adjective

Compulsory or required by law.

 (अनिवार्य)

Binding, Compulsory, Obligatory, Essential, Forced, Imperative

Free, Inessential, Optional, Secondary, Voluntary

It should be mandatory to disclose all sources of income for the politicians.

Spree

Noun

An unrestrained indulgence in an activity.

(आनंद का उत्सव)

Binge, Fling, Frisk, Frolic, Orgy

-

The Indian cricket team is on a winning spree.

Impose

Verb

To put as by an authority.

To force something to be obeyed.

(थोपना)

Appoint, Foist. Demand, Charge, Fine

Disorder, Displace, Forget, Overlook

The high court bench imposed a million-dollar fine for breaching the right to privacy on the company.

Propriety

Noun

Appropriateness to the purposes.

(औचित्य)

Decency, Decorum, Form, Correctness, Legitimacy, Morality

Dishonesty, Disagreement, Incompatibility, Lawlessness

I often go to high-class parties to observe the proprieties.

Burden

Noun

Something that is carried.

Something that is oppressive, worrisome, or obligatory.

(बोझ)

Chorus, Refrain, Haul, Concern, Onus, Anxiety, Difficulty, Strain

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit

The tasks were a burden for Rahul.

 

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Which of the following is required under Article 108 of the Constitution of India to summon a joint sitting of the two houses of the Parliament?