The Hindu Vocabulary 5 August 2021

2021-08-05

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 05 August 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Circumscription: on security clearances for passport or government jobs’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Circumscription

Noun

restriction of something within limits.

(रोक)

Reduction, Confinement, Limitation, Curtailment, Cutback

Freedom, Relief, Release, Privilege, Independence

The financial companies accepted circumscription of their powers.

Prejudice

Noun

dislike, hostility, or unjust behaviour deriving from preconceived and unfounded opinions.

(पक्षपात)

Bigotry, Bias, Partisanship, Intolerance, Discrimination, Unfairness

Fair, Equal, Just, Unbiased, Equality

They experienced racial prejudice abroad.

Swelled

Verb

become larger or rounder in size or intensity.

(उभारदार रेखा)

Grow, Inflate, Distend, Bulge, Expand, Rise, Surge

Drop, Diminish, Decrease, Deplete, Downgrade

His confidence swelled up immediately.

Scrutiny

Noun

critical observation or examination.

(सूक्ष्म परीक्षण)

Inspection, Survey, Scan, Perusal, Inquiry, Check, Audit

Glance, Skim, Peek, Peep, Glimpse

They asked for a deep scrutiny.

Likelihood

Noun

the state or fact of something's being likely; probability.

(संभावना)

Probability, Chance, Prospect, Feasibility, Possibility

Unlikeliness, Unlikely, Doubtful, Dubious, Unexpected

I see no likelihood in buying my own house.

Detrimental

Adjective

tending to cause harm.

(ख़तरा, हानिकारक)

Harmful, Damaging, Injurious, Inimical, Deleterious, Destructive

Benign, Beneficial, Kindly, Warm, Warm-hearted, Gentle, Clement

The new policy is detrimental to some sections of the society.

Preparatory

Adjective

serving as or carrying out preparation for a task or undertaking.

(प्रारंभिक)

Preliminary, Initial, Prior, Prefatory, Opening, Basic

Final, Conclusive, End, Climax, Climactic

We need to fulfil the preparatory tasks by evening.

Dampen

Verb

make less strong or intense.

(कम करना)

Lessen, Decrease, Diminish, Reduce, Lower, Moderate, Damp

Heighten, Increased, Intensified, Enhanced, Boosted, Accelerated

Nothing has ever dampened her confidence.

Grassroots

Noun

the most basic level of an activity or organization.

(आधारिक)

Base, Fundamental, Root, Primary, Elemental, Elementary

-

All the employees appealed for unity at the grassroots.

In the offing

Phrase

likely to happen or appear soon.

(सम्भव)

Probable, Odds-on, Possible, Expected, Imaginable, Likely

Unlikely, Improbable, Unexpected, Impossible,

There are several projects in the offing.

 

 

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A cheque, which becomes payable to the person or organization whose name is specified on the cheque is known as-