The Hindu Vocabulary 5 January 2021

2021-01-05

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 05 January 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘A tortuous recovery: On record GST inflows’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Tortuous

Adjective

full of twists and turns.

(पेचीदा)

Twisting, Winding, Curving, Curvy, Bending

Straight, Even, Linear, Direct

My stay at Dehradun was tortuous.

Augur

Verb

portend a good or bad outcome.

(भविष्य बतलाना)

Bode, Portend, Herald, Indicate, Presage

Ignore, Disregard, Avoid, Snub, Spurn

The priest augurs our future dealings.

Scramble

Verb

struggle or compete with others for something in an eager or uncontrolled and undignified way.

(किसी उत्सुक या अनियंत्रित और अनिर्दिष्ट तरीके से किसी चीज के लिए संघर्ष करना या दूसरों से मुकाबला करना।)

Jostle, Scuffle, Tussle, Struggle, Battle, Strive

Flourish, Prosper, Thrive, Flower

I scrambled hard to detect the loophole but I couldn’t.

Spike

Verb

a sharp increase.

(एक तेज वृद्धि)

Grow, Enlarge, Expand, Extend, Rise

Decrease, Reduce, Lessen, Lower, Diminish

There was a sudden spike in the price of the pulses.

Infuse

Verb

fill; pervade.

(उत्तेजित करना)

Fill, Suffuse, Charge, Imbue, Permeate

Impermeable, Diffuse, Extract, Evoke

I couldn’t infuse positive ideas in my mind when needed.

Buoyancy

Noun

a high level of activity.

(उछाल)

Vigour, Strength, Resilience, Growth

Depression, Misery, Sadness, Sorrow, Woe, Gloom

The buoyancy in the share market is unexpected.

Bolster

Verb

To strengthen.

(मजबूत बनाना)

Boost, Fortify, Assist, Help, Aid, Renew

Undermine, Erode, Chip away, Undercut

My mother bolstered my confidence by applauding for every minor achievement.

Discern

Verb

recognize or find out.

(पहचानना)

Perceive, Make out, Detect, Notice, Recognize

Overlook, Miss, Ignore, Avoid

I discerned the reason behind their ignorance.

Distil

Verb

extract the essential meaning or most important aspects of.

(के आवश्यक अर्थ या सबसे महत्वपूर्ण पहलुओं को निकालें)

Extract, Squeeze, Express, Draw out

Suppress, Subdue, Submit, Conceal, Hide

The researchers distilled the process and then decided to start afresh.

Trajectory

Noun

the path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.

(पथ)

Path, Route, Track, Line, Orbit

-

His career trajectory isn’t substantial.

Niggle

Verb

cause slight but persistent annoyance, discomfort, or anxiety.

(मामूली लेकिन लगातार झुंझलाहट का कारण)

Irritate, Annoy, Worry, Trouble, Bother

Pleasing, Pleasant, Helpful, Kind

My brother niggles me every now and then.

Whopping

Adjective

very large.

(भारी)

Huge, Massive, Big, Enormous, Surplus

Small, Minute, Trivial, Slight

It was a whopping 12% rise in the prices after sale.

Deteriorate

Verb

become progressively worse.

(बिगड़ना)

Worsen, Decline, Degenerate, Decay

Improve, Better, Ameliorate, Upgrade, Update

The rigorous use of chemicals deteriorated its quality.

 

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Two different positions of the same dice are shown. Which number will be at the top if ‘1’ is at the bottom?