The Hindu Vocabulary 6 November 2021

2021-11-06

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 6 November 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘The recovery toolkit: On tax policy and economic recovery’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Fragile

Adjective

Breakable

(नाजुक)

Delicate, Feeble, Weak, Brittle

Firm, Strong, Unbreakable, Tough, Durable

Restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic have threatened the fragile economic recovery.

Reboot

Verb

(with reference to a computer system) boot or be booted again.

(रीबूट)

Reset, Restart, Load, Start

Stop

Akshay requested the manager to reboot the system again.

Lurch

Verb

make an abrupt, unsteady, uncontrolled movement or series of movements

(झटका)

Bumble, Careen, Falter, Heave

Stay, Steady, Stabilize, Face

Suddenly the car lurched forward and the steering got out of control.

Afflict

Verb

(of a problem or illness) cause pain or suffering to.

(पीड़ा देना)

Annoy, Beset, Bother, Burden, Oppress

Aid, Delight, Help, Relieve, Soothe, Assist

Epidemics are far more lethal when they affect nations.

Trajectory

Noun

The path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.

(प्रक्षेप पथ)

Course, Route, Path, Track, Orbit

-

The trajectory of the missile while testing was same as expected.

Shed

Verb

Cast off

(फेंकना)

Discard, Drop, Scrap, Slip

Keep, Catch, Collect, Conceal

Main dog lives in the garden shed.

Insipid

Adjective

Dull

(फीका)

Bland, Innocuous, Vapid, Bland, Feeble

Original, Sharp, Delicious, Exciting, Interesting

The wine offered by her was insipid.

Hover

Verb

Float over

(मंडराना)

Drift, Flicker, Flutter, Linger, Poise

Lie, Rest, Settle

The drone hovered over the fields.

Dampen

Verb

Make less strong or intense

(उत्साहहीन करना)

Allay, Dull, Inhibit, Moderate

Aid, Assist, Encourage, Free Hearten

She dampened her hair to give them a shiny look.

Discretionary

Adjective

Open to Choice

(विवेकाधीन)

Unrestricted, Facultative, Elective, Leftover

Nondiscretionary

The President used his discretionary powers to appoint the Chief Minister.

Constrict

Verb

Inhibit

(कसना)

Compress, Circumscribe, Contract, Clench

Enlarge, Lengthen, Let go, Liberate

My mother is afraid of elevators, she feels that they would constrict her.

Throttle

Verb

Choke

(दबाना)

Burke, Control, Silence, Inhibit

Encourage, Help, Release, Free

The murderer throttled her with the pillow.

Anticipation

Noun

Expectation

(प्रत्याशा)

Apprehension, Hope, Joy, Prospect

Ignorance, Doubt, Amazement, Fear

The government announced some loan waivers in anticipation of converting the beneficiaries into their voters.

Propensity

Noun

Inclination

(झुकाव)

Bias, Disposition, Tendency, Penchant, Ability

Disinclination, Dislike, Hatred, Impotence

Raju has a propensity to try to calm down any quarrel and not get involved in it.

 

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Amit is asked to draw the angle of measure 60°. But due to his negligence, he drew the angle of measure 60° 27’. What is the percentage error in his drawing?