The Hindu Vocabulary 9 August 2021

2021-08-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 09 August 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Rewind to fast forward: On retrospective tax’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Retrospective

Adjective

looking back on or dealing with past events or situations.

(भूतलक्षी)

Backdated, Retroactive, Backward-looking, Ex post facto

Ahead, Forward, Onward, Further, On, Onwards

The survey done by was retrospective.

Tortuous

Adjective

excessively lengthy and complex.

(टेढ़ा मेढ़ा)

Convoluted, Roundabout, Indirect, Circuitous, Complex, Complicated

Straight, Linear, Direct, Unswerving, Unbending

We got involved in a tortuous argument.

Retro-active

Adjective

taking effect from a date in the past.

( पूर्वलक्षी)

Past, Over, Gone, Former, Previous, Old

New, Latter, Later, Fresh, Modern, Current

No one accepted a big retrospective tax increase.

Resounding

Adjective

unmistakable; emphatic.

(ज़बरदस्त)

Enormous, Huge, Massive, Tremendous, Terrific

Tiny, Miniscule, Small, Little, Miniature

The project was a resounding success.

Dithering

Adjective

be indecisive.

(किसी छवि अथवा ध्वनि को संशोधित करना)

Hesitate, Falter, Waver, Teeter, Vacillate, Oscillate

Resolute, Fixed, Rooted, Stable, Firm, Riveted

I can’t bear people with dithering thought processes.

Bungling

Adjective

making or characterized by many clumsy mistakes.

(गोलमाल करना)

Incompetent, Blundering, Amateurish, Inept, Unskilful

Expert, Adept, Specialist, Skilled, Talented, Fine

The work of a bungling juggler.

Arbitration

Noun

the use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute.

(मध्यस्थता)

Adjudication, Mediation, Negotiation, Conciliation, Intervention

-

The chief was called for arbitration to settle the dispute.

Arbitrate

Verb

reach an authoritative judgement or settlement.

(मध्यस्थता करना)

Judge, Adjudicate, Referee, Adjudge, Mediate

-

The Board usually arbitrates in disputes among the officials.

Forfeit

Verb

lose or give up.

(ज़ब्त करना)

 

Surrender, Relinquish, Yield, Renounce, Sacrifice, Give up

Retain, Keep, Reserve, Conserve, Perpetuate, Cherish

They forfeited all my shares.

Ad-hoc

Adjective

created or done for a particular purpose as necessary.

(अनौपचारिक रूप से बिना किसी योजना के)

Impromptu, Extempore, Extemporary, Expedient, Improvised

Prepared, Planned, Arranged, Ready, Willing, Set

The discussions we had were on an ad hoc basis.

 

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Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Summer Solstice?

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2. It results in the longest day in a calendar year. 

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