The Hindu Vocabulary 20 July 2023

2023-07-20

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 20 July 2023 is from the Editorial titled “The missing numbers: On the current vacuum of official data.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Vacuum

Noun

A space from which most or all of the matter has been removed, or where there is little or no matter.

(शून्य स्थान)

Brush, Clean, Sweep, Wash, Scrub, Cleanse

Muddy, Pollute, Taint, Soil, Defile, Dirty

Vacuum the rugs and carpets regularly to pick up any loose dirt.

Incumbent

Noun

Officially having the named position.

(पदस्थ)

Officeholder, Awardee, Noncandidate, Inductee, Honoree, Dropout.

Candidate, Applicant, Prospect, Aspirant, Contender, Competitor

The new governor defeated the incumbent by a large gap.

Coherent

Adjective

Logically or aesthetically ordered or integrated.

(सामंजस्यपूर्ण)

Comprehensible, Intelligible, Consistent, Logical, Lucid, Orderly

Confused, Disorderly, Obscure, Unintelligible, Irrational, Unmethodical

Rahul couldn’t give a more coherent explanation of why he didn’t come to school until 9 A.M.

Nuance

Noun

A very slight difference in appearance, meaning, sound etc.

(अति सूक्ष्म अंतर)

Distinction, Gradation, Hint, Implication, Nicety, Refinement

Meaninglessness, Insignificance, Unimportant,

The director has managed to capture every nuance of the actress's expression.

Plugged

Adjective

Completely obstructed or closed off

(लगाया)

Displayed, Posted, Publicized, Broadcast, Exhibited, Noted

Forgotten, Unannounced, Suppressed

Shiva plugged all our computers into the main network

Distress

Noun

A feeling of extreme worry, sadness, or pain

(दुःख होना)

Ache, Affliction, Anguish, Blues, Care, Concern

Advantage, Aid, Blessing, Calm, Happiness

She received a distress call, about her results.

Revive

Verb

To come or bring something back to life, health, existence, or use

(पुनर्जीवित)

Refreshed, Rehabilitated, Recovered, Reestablished, Returned, Restart, Reanimate

Bore, Break, Damage, Depress, Destroy, Kill, Suppress, Pass out

A hot shower and a cup of coffee will revive your mood.

Deploy

Verb

To use something or someone, especially in an effective way

(तैनात करना)

Expand, Open, Set up, Use, Unfold, Stationed, Positioned, Located, Planted

Conclude, End, Finish, Conceal, Disarrange

The volunteers were deployed to conduct the campaign.

Clutch

Verb

To take or try to take hold of something tightly, usually I fear, worry, or pain

(पकड़ना)

Clenching, Gripping, Holding, Grabbing, Carrying, Cradling

Handing, Giving, Dropping, Unclasping, Delivering

He shivered while clutching the letter to his chest.

Revere

Verb

To very much respect and admire someone or something

(आदर करना)

Admired, Cherished, Dear, Esteemed, Favourite, Hallowed, Respexted, Honored

Disliked, Hated, Despised, Infamous, Notorious, Bad

 

He is revered as a national hero for his bravery.

Obfuscation

Noun

The act of making something less clear and less easy to understand, especially intentionally, or an instance

(घबराहट)

Bafflement, Bemusement, Mystification, Puzzlement, Confusion, Complication, Fraudulence, Slyness

Clarify, Simplify, Illuminate, Streamline, Clear, Unravel

They are obfuscating the issue without informing the parents.

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Question Of The Day

National Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated on ______ to mark the passing of the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992. / संविधान (73वां संशोधन) अधिनियम, 1992 के पारित होने के उपलक्ष्य में राष्ट्रीय पंचायती राज दिवस ______ को मनाया जाता है। 


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