The Hindu Vocabulary 7 September 2022

2022-09-07

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 7 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A matter of trust: On the uncertainty in Jharkhand.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Uncertainty

Noun

The state of being uncertain.

(अनिश्चितता)

Ambiguity, Ambivalence, Anxiety, Concern

Assurance, Belief, Calmness, Certainty

There were many uncertainties about his plan.

Unseat

Noun

To dislodge from a seat.

To remove from political office by an elective process.

(तोड़ना/ छोड़ना/ आसन रहित)

Dismount, Get down, Replace, Depose, Dethrone, Upset

Seat

You will be unseated if these corruption charges are proven to be true.

Accuse

Verb

charge (someone) with an offense or crime.

(आरोप लगाना)

Allege, Arrest, Attack, Blame, Summon

Applaud, Approve, Defend, Exculpate, Exonerate

He accused his partner of theft.

Alliance

Adjective

An association between two or more persons, groups, or countries.

(गठबंधन)

Accord, Affiliation, Affinity, Engagement

Detachment, Hatred, Disagreement, Disconnection

The political alliance is based on needs and greed for power.

Noun

A union between people, groups, countries, etc. (सन्धि)

Accord, Compact, Convention, Pact

-

He is trying to form a new alliance.

Nurture

Verb

Care for and encourage the growth or development of

(पालन ​​- पोषण करना)

Bring up, Care for, Provide for, Take care of, Attend to

Abandon, Decrease, Deprive, Destroy

My mother is nurturing plants in the garden.

Noun

The process of caring for and encouraging the growth or development of someone or something.

(किसी चीज की वृद्धि की देखभाल करने और प्रोत्साहित करने की प्रक्रिया)

Encouragement, Promotion, Fostering, Development, Cultivation

Ignorance, Neglect, Negligence, Deprivation

It is the result of the nurture of young talents that today we are winning medals.

Seize

Verb

To take possession of something.

To possess by force.

To grab forcibly.

To resort to a plan.

To grasp mentally.

To take hold of something.

(पकड़ना/ पकड़ लेना/ छीनना / रोक लगाना)

Catch, Snatch, Appropriate, Clasp, Ambush, Annex, Apprehend, Arrest

Free, Give, Loosen, Reject, Offer, Release, Surrender, Lose

The Customs department has seized my luggage.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

My mother asks me to drive carefully despite knowing that I am a safe driver.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting them.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

He was not happy with his relatives who made her wife feel despite at an event.

Upend

Verb

To affect drastically.

To place back-end up.

To defeat.

To set something upside down.

(समाप्त कर देना)

Alter, Backtrack, tip, Transpose, Abolish, Conquer, Crush, Level

Establish, Fail, Yield, Institute

The police inspector upended my wallet and dumped everything out.

Wobbly

Adjective

Shaky or Unsteady.

(अस्थिर)

Insecure, Precarious, Rickety, Uneven

Balanced, Certain, Confident, Even

She requested us to get our wheel changed as our car had a wobbly wheel.

Trigger

Verb

Cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

Voltage fluctuation triggered a spark.

Ambiguity

Noun

Doubtfulness or uncertainty of meaning.

An unclear expression.

(अनिश्चितता/ वक्तोक्ति)

Doubt, Uncertainty, Vagueness, Anagram

Certainty, Clarity, Clearness, Definiteness

There were some ambiguities in your speech.

Disqualification

Noun

An act or instance of disqualifying.

The state of being disqualified.

(अयोग्यता/ निरर्हता)

Elimination, Exclusion, Awkwardness, Clumsiness

Ability, Aptitude, Capability

Fans were upset because of the team’s disqualification from the World Cup.

Impropriety

Noun

The quality of being improper.

Inappropriateness or unsuitableness.

(अनौचित्य/ अनीति)

Indecency, Barbarism, Blunder, Gaffe

Correction, Correctness, Propriety, Suitability

Nihal has a reputation for doing any work with impropriety.

Confound

Verb

To perplex or amaze.

To throw into increased confusion.

(उलझाना)

Amaze, Astonish, Astound, Baffle, Bewilder, Embarrass

Bore, Calm, Clarify, Comfort

The complicated directions and turns on the map confounded him.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?