The Hindu Vocabulary 09 May 2023

2023-05-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 9 May 2023 is from the Editorial titled “A tragedy foretold: on the boat accident in Kerala and lapses.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Capsize

Verb

To cause to overturn

(उलटना)

Overturn, Collapse, Keel, Upset, Turn over, Fall, Turn turtle, Topple

Right, Stand up, Raise, Straighten

Their marriage capsized after the fight.

Flourish

 

Verb

(Of a living organism) grow or develop in a healthy or vigorous way.

(विकास)

Thrive, Prosper, Bourgeon, Produce, Sprout, Overgrow, Propagate, Germinate

Die, Wither, Dead, Inactive, Lifeless, Decline

The plants flourish well in the rainy season.

Noun

To achieve success.

An act of waving.

(सफल होना)

Thrive, Succeed, Prosper, Excel, Win, Triumph

Fail, Struggle, Flounder

They served the dinner with a flourish.

Refrain

Verb

To stop yourself doing something; to not do something

(कुछ करने से अपने को रोकना; कोई ख़ास काम न करना)

Abstain, Avoid, Forego, Forbear, Constrain, Withhold, Reject

Submit, Yield, Surrender, Bow, Concede

Sheetal refrained from hitting her back.

Noun

A part of a song which is repeated, usually at the end of each verse

(गीत में टेक जो प्रायः प्रत्‍येक छंद के अंत में दोहाराई जाती है)

Chorus, Undersong, Theme

 -

She sang on the refrain of the song.

Sink

Verb 1

To descend from a higher to a lower position; drop downwards

(अस्त होना)

Deteriorate, Crumble, Descend, Worsen, Decline, Rot, Diminish, Decay

Improve, Better, Ameliorate, Upgrade, Enhance

She sank from her position due to corruption charges.

Verb 2

To go down below the surface of something, especially of a liquid; become submerged

(डूबना)

Fall, Plunge, Dip, Decline, Drop,

Rise, Arise, Climb, Float, Mount, Ascend

The people were not rescued before the boat sank.

Trap

Verb

To trick or deceive (someone) into doing something contrary to their interests or intentions

(फंसा हुआ)

Trick, Dupe, Deceive, Cheat, Lure, Fool, Seduce, Cajole

Release, Free, Unfasten, Untie, Unloose, Emancipated

Sheetal tried her best to put Rajesh into a trap but in vain.

Prescient

Adjective

Having or showing knowledge of events before they take place

(भविष्य ज्ञानी)

Predictive, Visionary, Prophetic, Oracular, Prognostic, Far-sighted, Insightful

Improvident, Myopic, Short-sighted, Careless, Heedless

The Sadhvi was prescient about the election result.

Eerie

Adjective

Strange and frightening

(भयानक)

Sinister, Ghostly, Unnatural, Supernatural, Unreal, Strange, Mysterious

Normal, Reassuring

There was an eerie green light in the sky.

Imminent

Adjective

About to happen

(निकटस्थ)

Close, near, Approaching, Impending, Looming, Possible, Coming, Brewing

Distant, Remote, Eventual, Ultimate, Former, Past

A storm is imminent today.

Sparse

Adjective

Thinly dispersed or scattered

(विरल)

Scanty, Scattered, Scarce, Infrequent, Meagre, Sporadic, Limited, Thin

Abundant, Plentiful, Thin, Adequate, Ample, Sufficient

This year farms are filled with sparse crops.

Erratic

Adjective

Not even or regular in pattern or movement; unpredictable

(अनियमित)

Unpredictable, Inconsistent, Changeable, Variable, Inconstant,

Predictable, Consistent, Regular, Systematic, Orderly

Her behaviour is very erratic.

Dodge

Verb

To avoid (someone or something) by a sudden quick movement

(चकमा)

Ruse, Scheme, Trick, Device, Fetch, Gambit

Keep, Follow, Obey, Observe, Comply

Sheetal managed to dodge the reporters.

Tremendous

Adjective

Very great in amount, scale, or intensity

(भयानक)

Huge, Enormous, Immense, Massive, Vast, Mammoth, Giant, Mighty

Tiny, Small, Slight, Soft

My son has a tremendous amount of energy.

Expeditiously

Adverb

With speed and efficiency

(शीघ्रता से)

Fast, Fleet, Hasty, Quick, Rapid, Speedy, Swift

Idly, Inactively, Quietly

He came and went expeditiously.

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Humayun’s Tomb situated in Delhi is built by ______. / दिल्ली में स्थित हुमायूँ का मकबरा __ द्वारा बनाया गया है।


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