The Hindu Vocabulary 5 July 2023

2023-07-05

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 5 July 2023 is from the Editorial titled “An incomplete reform: on six years of the Goods and Services Tax”.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Regime

Noun

A particular government or a system or method of government.

(शासन-प्रणाली)

 

System, Rule, Dynasty, Regime, Administration

Anarchy, Disorganization, Inactivity, Chaos, Disarrangement, Messiness

 

The regime with corrupt people is sure to fall.

 

Tryst

Noun

A meeting between two people who are having a romantic relationship, especially a secret one.

 (गुप्त भेंट)

Appointment, Assignation, Engagement, Rendezvous, Meeting, Union

Division, Separation, Noninvolvement, Non- Engagement

His father found out all about his trust meetings.

 

Emphasize

Verb

Give special importance or value to (something) in speaking or writing.

(बल देना)

Highlight, Focus, Stress, Feature, Identify

Play down, Minimize, Understate, De- emphasize

He emphasized on his recovery first.

 

Unify

Verb

Brought together, combined.

(एकीकृत)

Consolidated, Cooperative, Undivided, Affiliated, Allied, Banded

Segregated, Separated, Split, Divided, Isolated

The whole needs unified action against corruption.

Mandate

Verb

An official or authoritative instruction or command.

(आज्ञापत्र दिया जाना)

Authorization, Command, Decree, Directive, Injunction, Instruction

Rescind, Cancel, Breach, Refusal, Denial

The committee has been given a mandate to look into all the affairs related to human resources.

Bottleneck

Noun

Someone or something that slows or halts free movement and progress.

(अड़चन)

Complication, Difficulty, Handicap, Hindrance, Impediment, Barrier, Obstruction

Incentive, Advantage, Stimulus, Catalyst, Benefit, Edge

The bottleneck in the supply from the market is the biggest issue in India.

Disruptor

Verb

A person or thing that interrupts an event, activity, or process by causing a disturbance or problem.

(बाधित करने वाला)

Nuisance, Brat, Ragamuffin, Misbehaver, Anarchist, Demagogue, Firebrand, Malcontent, Propagandist, Protestor

Soother, Calm, Appease, Fixer, Repair

Ram is known as the disruptor in the company.

Ostensible

Adjective

Stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so.

(बनावटी)

Apparent, Avowed, Plausible, Professed, Purported, Seeming, Probable, Supposed, Putative

Hidden, Impossible, Actual, Improbable, Likely, Real

His ostensible reason was charity for the orphan.

Evader

Noun

Someone who avoids or escapes from something or someone.

(बचकर भागने वाला)

Defaulter, Felon, Hoodlum, Juvenile, Delinquent, Lawbreaker, Offender

 

Politicians are the default evaders of income tax.

Rebound

Verb

To return to an earlier and better condition; improve.

(पलटाव)

Recover, Rally, Revive, Stage a comeback, Snap back

Fail, Decline, Worsen, Destroy, Weaken

The company recorded a rebound in profit last year.

Falter

Verb

To lose strength or momentum.

(लड़खड़ाना)

Hesitate, Vacillate, Waver, Flounder, Wobble, Staggers, Halts, Waits, Dithers

Decide, Continue, Stir, Advances, Calm, Hold, Stabilize

His management was faltering due to his health issues.

Constrict

Verb

To limit action or behaviour.

(संकुचित होना)

Shrink, Compress, Condense, Decrease, Contract, Collapse, Flatten

Expand, Increase, Swell, Consolidate, Compact, Collapse

His vessel was constricted to stop the blood flow.

 

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Humayun’s Tomb situated in Delhi is built by ______. / दिल्ली में स्थित हुमायूँ का मकबरा __ द्वारा बनाया गया है।


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