The Hindu Vocabulary 1 July 2023

2023-07-01

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 1 July 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Constitutional misadventure: On the Tamil Nadu Governor’s move.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Grasp

Verb

To seize and hold firmly.

(पकड़ना)

Clutch, Grab, Seize, Snatch, Take, Hold

Avoidance, Ignorance, Misconception, Misunderstanding, Release

She dropped the child from her grasp.

Precedent 

Noun

A previous action or decision that can be used as a reason for allowing something else.

(पूर्व उदाहरण)

Previous, Early, Earliest, Preceding, Prior, Antecedent, Initial

Following, Subsequent, Later, Ensuing, Succeeding, After

 

His action sets a precedent for the similar issues.

Forethought 

Noun

Careful consideration of what will be necessary or may happen in the future.

(पूर्वविवेक)

Anticipation, Caution, Deliberation, Discreetness, Providence, Vision, Foresight, Prudence, Prescience

Improvidence, Myopia, Shortsightedness, Hindsight

His forethought is very beneficial in this situation.

Abeyance

Noun

A state of temporary disuse or suspension.

(ठहराव)

Discontinuation, Dormancy, Inactivity, Intermission, Latency, Postponement Suspension,  Quiescence, Cold Recession

Continuation, Renewal, Resumption, Resuscitation, Recommencement

The case is in the state of abeyance.

Abide

Verb

To accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation)

(पालन करना)

Obey, Observe, Follow, Bear, Endure, Suffer, Tolerate

Rebel, Challenge, Defy, Disobey, Refuse, Ignore

One should always abide by the rules.

Drastic

Adjective

Likely to have a strong or far-reaching effect; radical and extreme.

(प्रबल)

Extreme, Serious, Forceful, Dire, Radical, Harsh, Rigorous

Mild, Moderate, Calm, Easy, Collected

The company is facing a drastic reduction in profit.

Allegation

Noun

A claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof.

(दोषारोपण)

Accusation, Charge, Claim, Plea, Statement, complaint, plea, count

Denial, Exculpation, Denial, Rejection

She is trying to file a case with false allegations.

Unilaterally

Adverb

Used to indicate that something is done by only one person, group, or country involved in a situation, without the agreement of others.

(इकतरफ़ा)

One-sided, One-party, One-man, Personal, Solitary, Individual, One-way, Sole, Single

Many-sided, Multilateral, Joint, Mutual, Collective, Public, Multiple

The governor can not unilaterally suspend civil servants.

Unheeded

Adjective

Heard or noticed but disregarded.

(अशिष्ट)

Heedless, Careless, Unmindful, Forgetful, Unconcerned, Ignored, Inattentive, Unobservant

Alert, Conscious, Aware, Engaged, Attentive, Alive. Mindful

His voice goes unheeded.

Bribery

Noun

The giving or offering of a bribe.

(घूसखोरी)

Crime, Crookedness, Demoralization, Exploitation, Extortion, Ransom, Extraction

 

Honesty, virtue, Justice, Integrity, Incorruptibility, Decency

Bribery and corruption are prevailing in the society.

Stint

Noun

A period of time spent doing a particular job or activity.

(कार्यकाल)

Assignment, Chore, Duty, Job, Task, Work, Office, Consignment

Entertainment, Fun, Pastime, Relax, Unstrain

He wrote the book during his stint in the jail.

Obstruct

Verb

To block or get in the way of something or someone.

(बाधा उपस्थित करना/ बाधा डालना)

Block, Hinder, Impede, Hamper, Curb, Prevent, Stop

Help, Assist, Aid, Open, Clear, Liberate

We should not obstruct someone’s way.

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___________ is the change in total utility due to consumption of one additional unit of a commodity. / ____ एक वस्तु की एक अतिरिक्त इकाई की खपत के कारण कुल उपयोगिता में परिवर्तन है।


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