The Hindu Vocabulary 5 August 2022

2022-08-05

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 5 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Dialling right: On 5G spectrum sale.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Spectrum

Noun

A wide range.

A broad range of varied but related ideas.

A continuum of color formed when a beam of white light is dispersed (as by passage through a prism) so that its component wavelengths are arranged in order

(स्पेक्ट्रम)

Gamut, Sweep, Scope, Span, Scale, Variety

-

The 5G spectrum auction is undergoing.

Exchequer

Noun

A treasury of a nation.

A department in the British government which is responsible for receiving and accounting for money belonging to the state.

(कोष/ राजकोष/ सरकारी खजाना/ खजाना) 

Harshness, Acerbity, Grimness, Sharpness, Austerity, Cruelty, Rigor, Hardness, Strictness, Unkindness

Gentility, Mildness, Softness, Pity, Kindness

Certain things are done to benefit the public and the exchequer.

Quantum

Noun

Quantity or amount.

A share or portion.

(मात्रा/ परिमाण/ हिस्सा/ भाग)

Amount, Portion, Sum, Measure

Part, Whole

Artificial intelligence and quantum computing are the future.

Adjective

Sudden and significant.

(अचानक और महत्वपूर्ण)

-

-

Quantum computers are difficult to manufacture.

Aggressively

Adverb

In an aggressive manner.

In a highly competitive manner.

In a forceful manner.

In a boldly assertive manner.

(उग्रता के साथ/ आक्रमण करते हुए/ चोट करते हुए/ झगड़ालू ढंग से)

 

Combatively, Contentiously, Destructively, Intrusively, Boldly

Calmly, Complaisantly, Lethargically, Impotently

The products that are aggressively marketed often create a brand impression in the consumer’s mind.

Ostensibly

Adverb

Apparently and Seemingly

 (प्रकट रूप से)

Presumably, Putatively, Supposedly

Improbably, Obscurely, Unlikely

You said that the issue will be resolved within an hour, now three hours have passed, ostensibly, you are not working at all.

Captive

Noun

A sudden occurrence of something unwelcome, such as war or disease.

(प्रकोप)

Eruption, Upsurge, Flare-up, Epidemic, Breakout, Outburst, Blaze

-

The outbreak of the cases of Monkeypox in Nigeria has caused severe problems.

Prospective

Adjective

Of future.

Potential.

Effective in the future.

Likely to come about.

(भावी/ प्रत्याशित/ उत्तर-काल की अपेक्षा करनेवाला)

Eventual, Expected, Proposed, Considered, Destined, Forthcoming, Future, Approaching, Awaited, Imminent, Impending

Agreed, Concurred

He explained prospective earnings with his investment plan.

Stagger

Verb

To astonish or deeply shock.

To shock with amazement.

To cause to become unsteady.

To falter as in an argument.

To cause to doubt.

(चौंका देना)

Astonish, Amaze, Shock, Astound, Surprise, Stupefy, Startle, Lurch, Reel, Shake, Teeter, Devastate, Dumbfound, Overwhelm, Shatter

Aware, Clear, Orient, Understand, Continue, Stay, Expect, Explain, Clarify, Help, Enlighten

He staggered towards his bedroom.

Noun

The act of staggering.

A staggered arrangement.

A staggered arrangement of wings.

An unsteady walk.

(विचलता/ लड़खड़ाहट)

Unstable

Stable, Calm

I noticed a stagger in his movement.

Bin

Noun

A box for storing grain.

(गंदे का डोल/ कोष्ठ/ खाना)

Basket, Container, Box, Carton, Case, Crate

-

He kept my keys in the storage bin.

Verb

To store in a bin.

(एक बिन में रखना)

-

-

They binned usage charges along with the product cost.

Enthusiastic

Noun

Full of enthusiasm. (उत्साही/ उत्साहयुक्त)

Anxious, Ardent, Avid, Concerned

Apathetic, Cold, Cool, Disinterested

She was very enthusiastic about her upcoming role as a choreographer.

Dampen

Verb

Make less strong or intense.

(कम करना)

Lessen, Decrease, Diminish, Reduce, Lower, Moderate, Damp

Heighten, Increased, Intensified, Enhanced, Boosted, Accelerated

Extreme heat dampened our enthusiasm.

Verb

Make wet

(गीला हो जाना)

Bedew, Dabble, Humidify, Moisten, Spray, Sprinkle

Collect, Gather, Dehydrate, Dry

One should dampen the tea spot on their cloth with a wet cloth.

Snap

Verb

Break or cause to break suddenly and completely, typically with a sharp cracking sound.

To secure,

(चटकाना)

Click, Crack, Fracture, Pop

Combine, Free, Fix, Liberate

The branch of the tree snapped and fell to the ground.

Noun

A quick movement.

A short and sharp sound.

A sudden, sharp cracking sound or movement.

A hurried irritable tone or sound.

Breeze, Ease, Cinch, Walkover

Difficulty, Indolence, Lethargy, Debilitation

She shut the almirah door with a loud snap.

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In the later Vedic period, the term "Bali" denoted