The Hindu Vocabulary 17 September 2022

2022-09-17

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 17 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Eat and learn: On Tamil Nadu’s breakfast scheme in schools.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Ability

Noun

Possession of the means or skill to do something.

(योग्यता)

Also used as suffix - forming nouns of quality corresponding to adjectives ending in -able

Capability, Capacity, Competence, Talent, Skill, Expertise, Proficiency, Strength

Inability, Incapacity, Ineptness, Lack, Weakness, Ignorance

He lost his ability to play basketball after the accident.

Intent

Noun

Intention or purpose

(इरादा)

Aim, Goal, Target, Objective

-

It seems like Ramesh has no intent to return my money.

Adjective

Directed with strained or eager attention.

(तत्पर)

 

Decided, Hell-bent, Preoccupied, Resolved

Flexible, Indefinite, Unconcerned, Undecided

My husband was so intent to earn profit that he bought all the stocks of Infosys.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

(उदाहरण)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

Being calm when someone is criticizing you is an instance of modesty.

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

Manoj instances one of his experiences in Dubai while we were having dinner together.

Freebie

Noun

A thing given free of cost

(मुफ्त)

Gift, Giveaway, Handout, Free pass, Donation, Present

-

Before elections, many parties distribute alcohol as a freebie to gain votes.

Consequence

Noun

A conclusion through logic.

Something produced by a cause following a set of conditions.

The outcome of something.

Importance or significance.

Importance in position.

(परिणाम/ महत्त्व/ नतीजा/ फल)

Aftereffect, Aftermath, Effect, Fallout, Issue, End, Reaction, Repercussion, Concern, Magnitude, Need, Value, Distinction, Eminence

Insignificance, Lowliness, Unimportance, Beginning, Triviality, Cause, Origin, Source

I was not aware of the consequences of diving in the deep sea without using oxygen cylinder.

Progressive

Adjective

Happening or developing gradually or in stages; proceeding step by step.

(डंक मारना/ चुभाना/ सालना/ प्रेरित करना)

Advanced, Developed, Evolved, Forward, Higher, Improved, Late, Refined

Backward, Low, Lower, Nonprogressive, Primitive, Retarded, Rudimentary, Undeveloped, Regressive

The income tax in India is a progressive tax.

Noun

A person advocating or implementing social reform or new, liberal ideas.

(चुभन/ पीड़ा/ काँटा/ लिंग)

Reformer, Centrist, Moderate, Compromisor

Extremist, Radical, Revolutionary, Rightist, Reactionary, Liberal

Our PM is progressive and has a high vision for the country.

Welfare

Noun

The state of doing well, especially with respect to good prosperity.

Health, happiness and fortunes of someone.

(कुशल)

Benefit, Health, Good, Progress

Disadvantage, Misery, Discontent, Dissatisfaction

The government should frame policies considering the welfare of society.

Adjective

Relating to the improvement of welfare.

(कल्याण में सुधार के संबंध में)

-

-

This organization is welfare-oriented and not-for-profit.

Emphasis

Noun

A particular prominence given to something.

Special consideration on something.

Something that is given special importance.

(प्रमुखता)

Attention, Insistence, Priority, Significance

Ignorance, Lethargy, Incompetence, Triviality

The Environment minister laid emphasis on the developments made by the ministry in the last five years.

Cognition

Noun

The mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.

(अनुभूति)

Acknowledgement, Apprehension, Attention, Awareness, Discernment, Insight, Knowledge

Disregard, Misunderstanding, Neglect, Ignorance, Thoughtlessness

He has certain disabilities that affect his cognition and thinking abilities.

Prescribe

Verb

(of a medical practitioner) advise and authorize the use of (a medicine or treatment) for someone, especially in writing.

(सलाह देना)

Define, Determine, Dictate, Establish, Impose

Confuse, Disallow, Misguide, Mislead, Leave

The doctor prescribed a list of medicines that may improve my mental condition.

Adequate

Adjective

As much as necessary.

Barely sufficient.

(पर्याप्त)

Acceptable, Decent, Fine, Capable, Competent, Decent, Satisfactory, Comfortable

Inadequate, Poor, Inappropriate, Unable, Incapable, Incompetent, Inept, Insufficient

The police should take adequate measures to stop the kidnapping of children.

Omission

Noun

A person or thing that has been left out.

The act of omitting.

Something that has been neglected.

(चूक/ लोप/ अनुपस्थिति/ छोड़ देना/ चूकना/ ख़ाली जगह)

Breach, Carelessness, Exclusion, Failing, Lapse, Oversight, Deletion, Elision

Success, Accomplishment, Achievement, Allowance, Juncture

The omission of an important clause in the contract cost him heavily.

Pilferage

Noun

The action of stealing things of little value.

(चोरी)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

Usually, the police do not file FIR for the pilferage in villages.

Sanction

Noun

A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.

Official permission or approval for an action.

(प्रतिबंध)

Authorization, Consent, Leave, Permission, Authority

Prohibition, Ban, Prohibit, Obstruct, Hinder

The regulatory body placed sanctions to deter insider trading.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

The Cabinet sanctioned the budget allocation for the MGNREGA scheme which was more than the last year.

Crucial

Adjective

of great importance.

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Central, Vital, Acute, Dire

Inessential, Minor

Electricity and Manufacturing are crucial sectors of the economy.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?