The Hindu Vocabulary 17 November 2023

2023-11-17

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 17 November 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Food flux: On food costs and the October tidings.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Flux

Noun

Continuous change or flow; a state of constant movement or fluctuation.

(प्रवाह)

Flow, Change, Shift, Instability, Variation, Movement, Unsettledness, Transition, Fluctuation, Oscillation

Stability, Constancy, Permanence, Fixity, Stillness, Invariability, Rigidity, Stagnation, Inaction, Immobility

The stock market is in a state of flux, with prices changing rapidly.

Tiding

Noun

News, information, or updates, especially of recent events.

(समाचार)

News, Information, Reports, Updates, Announcements, Intelligence, Bulletins, Dispatches, Messages, Gossip

Silence, Secrecy, Concealment, Ignorance, Unawareness, Omission, Suppression, Hush, Quiet, Uncommunicativeness

The tiding of the successful mission brought joy to the team.

Marginal

Adjective

Relating to or situated at the edge; minimal or insignificant.

(सीमांत)

Borderline, Peripheral, Minimal, Insignificant, Negligible, Limited, Minor, Fringe, Minor, Small

Central, Significant, Substantial, Important, Major, Crucial, Essential, Core, Pivotal, Integral

The marginal increase in sales did little to boost overall profits.

Surge

Noun

A sudden powerful forward or upward movement; a strong increase.

(आवेश/ लहर)

Rise, Increase, Jump, Upturn, Uptick, Swell, Upsurge, Uprising, Influx, Rush

Decline, Decrease, Drop, Fall, Plunge, Reduction, Downturn, Subside, Diminish, Recede

The surge in demand led to a temporary shortage of the product.

Edible

Adjective

Fit to be eaten; suitable for consumption.

(खाद्य)

Comestible, Consumable, Eatable, Palatable, Nutritious, Tasty, Digestible, Satisfying, Delectable, Wholesome

Inedible, Unpalatable, Poisonous, Toxic, Indigestible, Tasteless, Disgusting, Unappetizing, Injurious

Ensure that you only consume edible mushrooms, as some can be poisonous.

Prospect

Verb

The possibility or likelihood of future success or something happening.

(संभावना)

Possibility, Likelihood, Chance, Opportunity, Outlook, Expectation, Potential, Promise, Anticipation, Forecast

Unlikelihood, Improbability, Unfavorable outcome, Certainty, Surety, Assurance, Guarantee, Reality, Actualization, Realization

The prospect of a promotion motivated the employee to work harder.

Retail

Noun

The sale of goods to the public for use or consumption.

(खुदरा)

Commerce, Trade, Merchandising, Sales, Vend, Peddle, Sell, Market, Peddle, Distribute

Wholesale, Bulk, Trade, Manufacturing, Production, Supply, Distribution, Export, Import

The company specializes in both wholesale and retail distribution.

Projection

Noun

An estimate or forecast of a future situation or trend based on a study of present ones.

(पूर्वानुमान)

Forecast, Prediction, Estimate, Anticipation, Expectation, Projection, Prophecy, Calculation, Outlook, Appraisal

Retrospective, Review, Analysis, Examination, Reassessment, Inspection, Evaluation, Post-mortem, Reflection, Reconsideration

The economic projection suggests steady growth over the next quarter.

Inflation

Noun

The rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Price increase, Rise in prices, Escalation, Surge, Expansion, Growth, Boost, Upsurge, Upturn, Increment

Deflation, Decrease in prices, Contraction, Reduction, Decline, Fall, Slump, Downturn, Diminution, Drop

Inflation can erode the purchasing power of a currency over time.

Moderate

Adjective

Kept within reasonable or modest limits; not extreme.

(मध्यम/ सीमित)

Reasonable, Temperate, Balanced, Mild, Moderate, Middling, Average, Tolerable, Fair, Measured

Extreme, Excessive, Intense, Radical, Harsh, Unreasonable, Immoderate, Severe, Drastic,

The moderate temperature made for a comfortable outdoor gathering.

Spike

Verb

A sudden and sharp increase, especially in a graph or chart.

(वृद्धि)

Surge, Jump, Increase, Rise, Upturn, Upswing, Uptick, Spurt, Boost, Climb

Decline, Decrease, Drop, Fall, Downturn, Slump, Plunge, Reduction, Dip, Diminish

The news of the pandemic led to a spike in demand for medical supplies.

Discretionary

Adjective

Available for use at the discretion or judgment of the user.

(विवेकाधीन)

Optional, Voluntary, Elective, Unrestricted, Flexible, Unmandated, Open, Unspecified, Non-compulsory, Arbitrary

Mandatory, Compulsory, Required, Obligatory, Forced, Prescribed, Involuntary, Binding, Necessary, Essential

The employee received a discretionary bonus based on outstanding performance

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