The Hindu Vocabulary 22 June 2023

2023-06-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial June 22, 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Heat and state: On a heatwave being only one half of the issue”.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Exacerbate

Verb

Make a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling worse.

(बिगाड़ देना)

Aggravate, Worsen, Inflame, Deepen, Intensify, Magnify, Amplify, Heighten, Intensify

 

Alleviate, Mitigate, Help, Relieve, Ease, Improve, Better

A bad plan will only exacerbate the issue of society.

Brutal

Adjective

Cold Blooded or Violent.

(क्रूर)

Barbarous, Harsh, Inhuman, Merciless, Rough, Rude, Ruthless, Uncivilized

Calm. Friendly, Nice, Generous, Sympathetic, Humane, Mild, Kind

You are not so strong to bear the brutal truth of his death.

Ascribe

Verb

To refer to a supposed cause, source, or author.

(कारण बताना)

Attribute, Assign, Put Down, Credit, Impute, Charge, Refer

Deny, Refuse, Exclude, Dissociate, Disconnect

I can ascribe many reasons for this cause.

Contaminate

Verb

To make impure by exposure to or addition of a poisonous or polluting substance.

(दूषित करना)

Defile. Taint, Corrupt, Degrade, Depreciate, Pollute, Thinned, Dilute, Adulterated,

Purify, Clean, Clarify, Purge, Clear, Decontaminate, Distill, Filter

This river is contaminated with sewage waste.

Acclimatisation

Noun

The process or result of becoming accustomed to a new climate or to new conditions.

(अभ्यास होना)

Adjustment, Adaptation, Adaption, Acclimation, Accommodation, Transformation, Conformation, Alteration

Maladaptation, Misadjust, Avoid, Shun, Ignore

This is 14 days acclimatization period.

Exertion

Noun

Physical or mental effort.

(परिश्रम)

Activity, Conditioning, Exercise, Training, Workout, Trimming

Ease, Facility, Smoothness, Fluency, Inaction, Laziness

She was ironing with exertion as she was ill.

Augur

Verb

To portend a good or bad outcome.

(भविष्य बतलाना)

Diviner, Forecaster, Oracle, Prognosticator, Prophet, Soothsayer, Sibyl, Foreteller, Seer

Describe, Tell, Report, Recite, Narrate

The fortune teller augured a lot of things about me.

Shed

Verb

To rid oneself of temporarily or permanently as superfluous or unwanted. 

(छुटकारा)

Discard, Junk, Emit, Throw, Exuviate, Radiate, Replace, Dispose

Keep, Receive, Withhold, Gather, Refrain, Catch

The trees have started to shed their leaves.

Accumulate

Verb

To gather together or acquire an increasing number or quantity of.

(संचित करना)

Increase, Rise, Accelerate, Swell, Expand, Multiply, Climb, Proliferate

Decrease, Diminish, Lessen, Recede, Dwindle

He has accumulated a number of books.

Amenity

Noun

Something that helps to provide comfort, convenience, or enjoyment.

(सुख-सुविधा)

Comfort, Convenience, Facility, Luxury, Improvement, Enhancement, Comfort, Services

Must, Essential Necessity, Fundamental, Requirement, Basic

You will not get a five-star hotel amenity every time.

Forge

Verb

To make or imitate falsely especially with the intent to defraud

(जालसाज़ी करना)

Falsify, Duplicate, Copy, Fabricate, Fake, Imitation, Inauthentic

Real, Genuine, Authentic, Bonafide, Natural, True, Valid, Actual

He forged a passport but was caught in the end.

 

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