The Hindu Vocabulary 10 July 2023

2023-07-10

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 10 July 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Ominous signs: On attacks by pro-Khalistan elements on Indian interests”.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Ominous

Adjective

Suggesting that something unpleasant is likely to happen.

(अमंगलसूचक)

Fateful, Portentous, Sinister, Dire, Apocalyptic, Foreboding, Menacing, Threatening, Unlucky

Auspicious, Promising, Fateful, Encouraging, Lucky, Happy

His time is ominous just before the initiation of the project.

Calibrate

 

Verb

To make, adjust, or check the setting.

(अंश-शोधन करना)

Adjustment, Arrangement, Order Positioning, Measure, Compute, Calculate, Scale, Gauge

Disarrange, Deregulate, Disarrange, Disorder, Break Damage, Destroy  

You need to properly calibrate the risk involved.

Separatist

Noun

A person who supports the separation of a particular group of people from a larger body on the basis of ethnicity, religion, or gender.

(अलगाववादी)

Dissident, Protester, Rebel, Heretic, Nonconformist, Sectarian, Schismatic, Apostate, Renegade, Freethinking

Conventional, Orthodox, Conformist, Follower, Non-objector

Her husband is a separatist.

Vigilance

Noun

The action or state of keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties.

(सतर्कता)

Alertness, Caution, Diligence, Surveillance, Acuity, Attention, Watchfulness, Mindfulness, Awareness

Abstraction, Preoccupation, Distraction, Day Dreaming, Absentmindedness

The vigilance team is ready to leave.

Pre-emptory 

Adjective

Leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal; imperative.

(बाध्यकारी)

Authoritarian, Domineering, Arrogant, Authoritative, Commanding, Aggressive, Tyrannic, Autocratic

Easygoing, Indulgent, Laid-back, Lax, Lenient, Mild, Moderate

The order of the courts is always Pre-emptory.

Exhort

Verb

To strongly encourage or persuade someone to do something.

(प्रोत्साहित)

Urge, Encourage, Adjure, Enjoin, Pressurize, Incite, Spur

Discourage, Deter, Check, Restrain, Dissuade, Brake

Our teacher exhorted all of us to do our best in life.

Arson

Noun

The crime of intentionally starting a fire in order to damage or destroy something.

(आग लगाने का अपराध)

Torching, Firing, Incendiarism, Pyromania, Fire, Wildfire, Blaze, Inferno, Conflagration, Holocaust, Bonfire

Douse, Fireproof, Cold

Her father was found guilty of arson.

Incubation

Noun

Keep something warm, causing it to develop.

(विकासशील)

Maturation, Maturing, Improvement, Ripening, Flowering, Betterment, Evolution, Development

Regression, Reversion, Retrogression, Lapse, Relapse, Decay, Decline

The incubation period for this virus is around one week.

Onus 

Noun

Something that is one's duty or responsibility.

(दायित्व)

Burden, Responsibility, Liability, Obligation, Duty, Load, Charge

Advantage, Exculpation, Benefit, Blessing, Irresponsibility, Exoneration

The onus is on the children to serve the elders.

Retaliatory

Adjective

Used to describe an action that is intended to harm someone who has done something to harm you.

(मुंहतोड़)

Punishment, Reprisal, Retribution, Revengeful, Retributive, Punitive, Disciplinary, Penal, Retaliative

Compensatory, Nonpunitive, Exculpating, Remitting, Condoning, Pardoning

The public should not resort to retaliatory violence.

Graffiti

Noun

Usually, unauthorized writing or drawing on a public surface. 

(भित्ति चित्र)

Tag, Desecrate, Damage, Deface, Vandalize, Violate, Trash, Harm;

Protect, Preserve, Save, Build, Conserve

Offensive graffiti are a crime.

Perpetrators

Noun

Someone who has committed a crime or a violent or harmful act.

(अपराधी)

Assassin, Butcher, Enforcer, Executioner, Killer, Offender, Perp, Criminal

Policemen, Good- Person

The perpetrators of the massacre should be punished.

 

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National Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated on ______ to mark the passing of the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992. / संविधान (73वां संशोधन) अधिनियम, 1992 के पारित होने के उपलक्ष्य में राष्ट्रीय पंचायती राज दिवस ______ को मनाया जाता है। 


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