The Hindu Vocabulary 25 June 2022

2022-06-25

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 25 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Paradigm shift: On Colombia’s first leftist President’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Paradigm

Noun

An outstanding example.

Framework shared by members of any group.

(मिसाल)

Archetype, Chart, Criterion, Ideal

-

A major paradigm shift has been seen by the country after the result of the election was out.

Decisive

Adjective

Producing a definite result.

(निर्णयक)

Conclusive, Critical, Crucial, Determined, Fateful

Inconclusive, Indefinite Insignificant, Irresolute

Taking over the Presidency in the mid-term was a decisive move.

Overhaul

Verb

Analyse and improve.

(विश्लेषण और सुधार करें)

Mend, Rebuild, Re-establish, Enhance, Improve

Dwindle, Destroy, Disrupt, Diminish

He overhauled the findings of his research after being insisted.

Capture

Verb

Take into one's possession or control by force.

(कब्जा करना)

Apprehend, Arrest, Catch, Conquer, Grab, Trap, Seize

Forfeit, Free, Lose, Offer, Receive

Before any action could be taken, the capital was captured by the enemy forces.

Devastate

Verb

To Destroy

(उजाड़ना)

 

Ravage, Raze, Ruin, Wreck, Desolate

Build, Construct, Help, Protect

The students devastated the trains during a protest against the new recruitment scheme.

Psyche

Noun

The human soul, mind or spirit

(मानसिकता)

Soul, Innermost self, True being, Personality, Subconscious, Persona

Body, Physicality

The violence in any nation causes a deep impression on the psyche of the youth.

Mobilise

Verb

Ready for Action

(गतिमान करना)

Assemble, Activate, Prepare, Organize

Disorganise, Discourage, Disperse, Divide

The leader mobilised the youth to support his party.

Vowed

Noun

A solemn pledge.

(क़सम)

Promise, Oath, Pledge

Break, Breach

He took a vow to not eat till he finds his lost wife.

Verb

To promise as to god or a saint.

(क़सम खाना)

Affirm, Assure, Declare, Promise

Deny, Break, Disavow

Richa vowed to marry his best friend.

Inimical

Adjective

Tending to obstruct or harm.

(शत्रुतापूर्ण)

Adverse, Destructive, Harmful, Hostile, Injurious, Opposed

Aiding, Favorable, Friendly, Good, Helpful, Kind

Sasha’s actions were inimical to our winning the match.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

Harish walked out of the room despite being told to stay there till the meeting was over.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

My friend made me feel despite at his house party.

Pose

Verb

Present or constitute (a problem, danger, or difficulty).

(किसी समस्या, खतरे या कठिनाई को गठित करना)

Constitute, Present, Create, Cause, Produce

Refrain, Take, Withhold, Answer, Decrease, Discourage

The political vendetta is posing threat to the democracy in the country.

Noun

A particular way of standing or sitting, usually adopted for effect or in order to be photographed, painted, or drawn.

(मुद्रा)

Posture, Position, Stance, Attitude, Bearing

Honesty, Truth, Reality

I tried new poses for my wedding ceremony.

Outsize

Adjective

Exceptionally large

(बहुत बड़ा)

 

Hue, Oversized, Enormous, Gigantic, Great, Mammoth

Minor, Small, Tiny, Minute, Little, Miniscule, Short

An outsize statue of a freedom fighter was installed by the government.

Influence

Verb

Lead to believe

(प्रवृत्त करना)

Affect, Alter, Arouse, Change, Determine, Guide, Manipulate

Prevent, Leave alone, Neglect, Discourage, Be Fair

We are quickly influenced by bad company.

Noun

The capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of someone or something, or the effect itself.

(प्रभाव)

Effect, Control, Domination, Force, Impact, Leverage

Beginning, Cause, Commencement, Insignificance, Origin, Source

The influence of western culture can be seen in metro cities of India.

Idly

Adverb

With no particular purpose, reason, or foundation.

(आलस्य में)

Leisurely, Lazily, Slowly, Nonchalantly

-

He just sat idly and enjoyed the view of the lake.

Cornerstone

Noun

An important quality or feature on which a particular thing depends or is based.

(आधारशिला)

Essential, Foundation, Keystone, Mainstay, Pillar

-

Inclusive growth has remained the cornerstone of every policy of this government.

Brace

Verb

Prepare oneself for something difficult

(किसी मुश्किल काम के लिए खुद को तैयार करना)

Prepare, Ready, Fasten, Support, Tighten

Release, Fail, Free, Weaken, Detach

The new government should brace itself for the ongoing economic crisis.

Emanate

Verb

Originate from; be produced by.

(उत्पन्न होना)

Exude, Give out, Send, Pour, Throw

Hold, Back, Keep, Restrict

The water was emanating from the fountain making a beautiful figure.

Pulverise

Verb

Reduce to fine particles

(टुकड़े टुकड़े करना)

Shatter, Atomize, Fragment, Granulate, Crumble

Lose, Surrender, Build, Construct

The houses in the war zone were pulverized by the bombardment.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

Teachers’ and students’ interests sometimes conflict.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

Every day new conflict begins between the two neighbours.

 

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Question Of The Day

In the later Vedic period, the term "Bali" denoted