The Hindu Vocabulary 19 June 2023

2023-06-19

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial June 19, 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Preparedness pays off: On Cyclone Biparjoy”.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Fury

Noun

Intensive, Extreme outrage.

(प्रकोप)

Anger, Indignation, Ire, Rage, Wrath, Fierceness, Violence, Ferocity, Furiousness

Calmness, Mildness, Peace, Still, Serenity, Quietude, Tranquility

One could see the fury in her behavior.

Casualty

Noun

A person who is hurt or killed during an accident, war.

(हताहत)

Calamity, Catastrophe, Disaster, Mishap, Victim, Fatality, Prey, Loss, Martyr, Loser, Sacrifice

 Survivor, Blessing, Wonder, Success, Good Luck, Good Fortune

The casualty ward was recently inaugurated by the MLA of the area.

Bypass

Noun

A road passing round a town or its centre to provide an alternative route for through traffic.

(उपमार्ग)

Circumvent, Ignore, Neglect, Omit, Sidestep, Skirt, Avoid, Escape, Circumnavigate, Detour, Evade

Meet, Confront, Face, Accept, Seek, Pursue.

I used to bypass the town via another road.

Evacuate

Verb

To remove someone from a place of danger to a safer place.

(छोड़कर अन्यत्र जाना)

Empty, Vacate, Clear, Clean, Drain, Eliminate, Abandon, Desert, Flee

Fill, Load, Stay in place, Occupy, Remain

Everyone must evacuate the place after the fire alarm.

Outages

Noun

A period when a power supply or other service is not available or when equipment is closed down.

(अनुपयोग काल)

Blackout, Brownout, Disruption, Interruption, Dimout,  Disconnection,

Uptime, Operatable, Time

The power outage in the company is creating a lot of issues.

Knocked down

Phrasal Verb

.

Demolish a building or other structure.

(मारकर गिरा देना)

Take down, Disconnect, Dismantle, Break down, Strike, Detach, Disassemble

Construct, Build, Assemble, Erect, Combine, Unite, Pitch

Sweety knocked her opponent down in the third round.

 Normalcy

Noun

The condition of being normal; the state of being usual, typical, or expected.

(मामूली हालत)

Normality, Status quo, Prevalence, Routine, Uniformity, Averageness, Commonality, Commonness

Abnormality, Irregularity, Disturbance, Unusualness, Disruptiveness, Uncommonness, Deviance

The process of restoring normalcy is very difficult after a disaster.

Precisely

Adverb

Without vagueness.

(निश्चित रूप से)

Absolutely, Accurately, Correctly, Literally, Mathematical, Exact

Coarse, Inaccurate, Rough, Approximate, Somewhat, Slightly, Vaguely, Differently

You are not able to understand what precisely I am trying to convey.

Gauge

Verb

To estimate or determine the amount, level, or volume of something.

(नापना)

Criterion, Standard, Benchmark, Criterion, Indicator, Meter, Pattern 

Unimportant, Guess, Extreme, Estimate

He gauged the cyclone's speed with the instruments.

Precautionary

Adjective

Carried out as a precaution; preventive.

(निवारक)

Preventative, Prophylactic, Deterring, Blocking, Deterrent, Alert, Careful, Insurance

Refrain, Inactivity, Neglect, Negligence, Carelessness

My mother needs a precautionary checkup.

Bulwark

Noun

A solid wall-like structure raised for defense.

(बांध)

Bastion, Fortress, Mainstay, Barrier, Protect, Defend, Safeguard, Shield, Guard

Attack, Assault, Assail, Beset, Overrun, Harm, Hurt, Injury

Vaccine is a bulwark against COVID-19.

Buttress

Verb

To make support for an idea or argument stronger by providing a good reason for it.

(समर्थन देना)

Anchor, Pillar, Backbone, Reliance, Dependence, Crutch, Mainstay, Standby

Undermine, Weaken, Undercut

You should always be the buttress of your family in sad times.

 

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________ received the very first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901 for his discovery of X - rays. / ________ को 1901 में एक्स-रे की खोज के लिए भौतिकी में पहला नोबेल पुरस्कार मिला।


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