The Hindu Vocabulary 4 May 2023

2023-05-04

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 4 May 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Present imperfect: on the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom’s latest report and India.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Outrage

Noun

An act of violence.

An action that violates the standard of behaviour.

Anything that wrongly offends the feelings.

(उल्लंघन/ ज़ुल्म/ अत्याचार)

Shock, Violence, Abuse, Affront, Fury, Indignation, Resentment, Hurt

Happiness, Cheer, Delight, Calm, Advantage, Help, Aid, Benefit, Blessing

Rahul’s voice was trembling with outrage.

Verb

To subject to violence.

To offend.

To offend against shamelessly.

To violate the standards.

(भंग करना/ व्यतिक्रम करना)

Aggrieve, Incense, Infuriate, Insult

Compliment, Flatter, Gladden, Please, Praise, Aid

The employees were outraged at the behavior of the client.

Worsen

Verb

To make worse

(बदतर करना)

Aggravate, Damage, Decline, Depress, Deteriorate, Exacerbate

Recovery, Rehabilitation, Healing, Recuperation, Mending

His father’s health is worsening day by day.

Discriminatory

Adjective

Making or showing an unjust or prejudicial distinction between different categories of people, especially on the grounds of ethnicity, sex, age, or disability

(विभेदक/ भेदभावपूर्ण)

Prejudicial, Biased, Unfair, unjust, Partisan, Chauvinist

Impartial, Fair, Equal. Neutral, Impartial, Just, Objective

Discriminatory practices in a firm are harmful to progress.

Catalogue

Verb

To make a systematic list of items of the same type.

To enter items in a catalogue.

(सूची बनाना/ सूचीपत्र में दर्ज करना)

Classify, Categorize, Systemize, Index, List, Archive

Delete

The books were catalogued in the library.

Vilification

Noun

Abusively disparaging speech or writing

(गालियां देना)

Criticism. Censure, Abuse, Denunciation, Slander, Defamation, Condemnation

Praise, Glorify

The vilification of Indian politicians is a regular thing.

Suppression

Noun

the action of suppressing something such as an activity or publication

(दमन)

Subduing, Defeat, Repression, Crushing, Quelling, Quashing, Discontinuation

Gratification, Incontinence, Disinhibition, Indulgence, Unconstraint

The suppression of the 1857 Revolt was a great defeat.

Surveillance

Noun

Close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal

(निगरानी)

Observation, Scrutiny, Watch, View, Inspection, Spying

Neglect, Carelessness, Ignorance, Unconcern, Negligence

Menaka Gandhi was put on surveillance for 3 months.

Demolition 

Noun

The action or process of demolishing or being demolished

(विध्वंस)

Destruction, Defeat, Massacre, Vanquishing, Slaughter

Construction, Confirmation, Create, Repair, Restore

The demolition of our old shop is being scheduled on next Thursday.

Revoke

Verb

To officially cancel (a decree, decision, or promise)

(निरस्त करना/ रद्द करना)

Cancel, Repeal, Reverse, Abrogate, Nullify, Void, Quash, Nullify

Introduce, Enact, Ratify, Continue, Keep, Engage

The judge revoked his sentence for one year.

Desist

Verb

To stop doing something, cease or abstain

(बंद कर देना)

Abstain, Refrain, Keep, Stop, Cease, Discontinue, Suspend

Continue, Begin, Appear, Commence, Arise, Originate

The students have been instructed to desist from the animals in the zoo.

Stern

Adjective

(of a person or their manner) serious and unrelenting, especially in the assertion of authority and exercise of discipline

(कठोर)

Serious, Unsmiling, Frowning, Grim, Unfriendly, Stony, unrelenting

Genial, Friendly, Kind, Soft, Mild, Light, Nice, Gentle

Her mother is a stern personality.

Utility 

Noun

The state of being useful, profitable, or beneficial

(उपयोगिता)

Usefulness, use, Advantage, Value, Help

Disadvantage, Hindrance, Loss, Weakness, Inefficiency

The side pillow is of great utility in pregnancy.

Curtail

Verb

To reduce in extent or quantity, impose a restriction on

(कटौती)

Reduce, Cut, Decrease, Lessen, Trim, Shrink, Shorten

Increase, Lengthen, Extend, Prolong, Expand

The act of curtailing expenses is good during the recession.

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following Indian states has the famous tourist destination called Pamban Island? / निम्नलिखित में से किस भारतीय राज्य में पम्बन द्वीप नामक प्रसिद्ध पर्यटन स्थल है?


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