The Hindu Vocabulary 18 April 2023

2023-04-18

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 18 August 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Promoting impunity: on the 2021 Oting massacre case in Nagaland’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/ Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Prosecute

Verb

To officially charge somebody with a crime and try to show that he/she is guilty, in a court of law.

(अदालत में किसी पर औपचारिक रूप से अपराध का अभियोग लगाना या दोषारोपण करना)

Indict, Litigate, Arraign, Try, Sue

Exonerate, Cease, Free, Halt, Liberate, Pardon, Stop

The police cannot prosecute until evidences are that much strong.

Disconcerting

Adjective


Making someone feel uncertain and uncomfortable or worried.

(विक्षोभकारी)

Baffling, Complicated, Perplexing, Complex, Blurring, Upsetting, Bewildering

Clear, Plain, Easy, Simple, orderly

Ajit’s speech is always disconcerting for those who believes in Federal system.

Impunity

Noun

Exemption or freedom from punishment, harm, or loss.

(सज़ा से मुक्ति, सज़ा से छूट, दंड न मिलना, दंडाभाव)

Immunity, Liberty, Exemption, Exception, Privilege, Safeguard

Liability, Exposure, Openness, Vulnerability

Some people always break the law and get impunity.

Scuffle

Noun

A short, not very violent fight

(हाथापाई, हाथाबाँही, झड़प)

Brawl, Strife, Tussle, Commotion, Disturbance, Broil, Fuss, Skirmish, Clash

Calm, Peace, Quiet, Agreement, Harmony

There was a scuffle between the children at the school.

Indiscriminate

Adjective

Done or acting without making sensible judgement or caring about the possible harmful effects.

(सम्भावित हानिकारक प्रभाव पर विचार किए बग़ैर किया गया, लापरवाह; विवेकहीन, नासमझ)

Aimless, Haphazard, Mingled, Confused, Jumbled

Planned, Definite, Particular, Methodical, Selective, Systematic

There was an indiscriminate action which resulted in the death of thousands of innocents.

Incongruent

Adjective

Not suitable or not fitting well with something else

(असंगत)

Conflicting, Contradictory, Discordant, Divergent, Diverse, Incompatible, Inconsistence

Agreement, Accord, Peace, harmony, Concordance

You put two incongruent ingredients in the dish, which is why it is so distasteful.

Conducive

Adjective

Favorable; Tending to promote or assist the development of something.

(सहायक)

Favorable, Helpful, Beneficial, Advantageous, Profitable

Harmful, Damaging, Deleterious, Unfavourable, Worthless, Hindering, Adverse

It was such a conducive environment for the baby’s sleep.

Prosecution

Noun

The process of officially charging somebody with a crime and of trying to show that he/she is guilty, in a court of law

(अदालत में किसी के विरुद्घ अपराध के लिए अभियोग प्रक्रिया)

Execution, Pursuit, Accomplishment Achievement, Pursuance

Defeat, Failure, Neglect, Dormant, Inactivity

The prosecution of Chautala was carried out with all government forces.

Redound

Verb

To have an effect for good or ill as to the advantage or disadvantage of a person or thing.

(किसी व्यक्ति या वस्तु के लाभ या हानि के अनुसार अच्छे या बुरे के लिए प्रभाव डालना)

Result, Influence, Effect, Act, operate

Disappoint, Stimulate, De-energize, Stifle, Worsen

Your work will redound for the profit of the company.

Culpability

Noun

Responsibility for a fault or wrong, blame

(दोषी)

Guilty, Reckless, Blameworthy, Censurable, Illegal, impeachable

Blameless, Imperfect, Faultless, Impeccable, Innocent, Flawless

The culpability of the incident was taken by Rajesh.

Sanction

Noun

Official permission to do or change something

(आधिकारिक अनुमति, मंज़ूरी, संस्‍वीकृति)

Permission, Grant, Authorization, Consent, Allowance, Permit, Accreditation

Prohibition, Refusal, Denial, Rejection, Revocation

Their trade policy has no legal sanction.

 

Verb

To give official permission for something

(किसी बात के लिए आधिकारिक अनुमति, मंज़ूरी या संस्‍वीकृति देना)

Approve, Endorse, Ratify, Approbate, Accept, Warrant, Authorize, Confirm

Deny, Reject, Negative, Prohibit, Disapprove, Disallow

The state government has sanctioned the use of force against the corrupt.

Resort

Verb

Something that one uses to accomplish an end especially when the usual means is not available.

(विवशता में किसी भी अरुचिकर उपाय का सहारा लेना)

Try, Turn, Utilise, Employ, Devote, Address, Affect

Abstain, Halt, Break Ignore, Shun, Stay, Stop

When all failed, he resorted to violence.

Noun

A place where a lot of people go to on holiday

(लोगों की अवकाश-कालीन आनंद-स्‍थली, सैरगाह)

Haunt, Hangout, Haven, Motel, Club House, Camp, Harbor, Inn, Lodge

-

We spent the day well in a resort in Gurgaon.

Insurgency

Noun

An act of rebellion

(विद्रोह, विप्‍लव, बग़ावत)

Revolution, Insurrection, Uprising, Mutiny, Apostasy

Calm, Obedience, Peace, Counter insurgency

Birsa Munda led an insurgency for many years.

Botch-up

Noun

A bungled task or

An error or problem caused by ineptitude, carelessness, or mismanagement 

(गड़बड़)

Blunder, Bungle, Mess, Fumble, Muddle, Jumble

Improve, Better, Help, Enhance, Rectify, Reform

The 2nd team botched up the task and failed badly.

 

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following music instruments are solid instruments? / निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा संगीत वाद्ययंत्र ठोस वाद्ययंत्र हैं? 


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