The Hindu Vocabulary 18 April 2023


The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 18 August 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Promoting impunity: on the 2021 Oting massacre case in Nagaland’



Part of Speech/ Idiom







To officially charge somebody with a crime and try to show that he/she is guilty, in a court of law.

(अदालत में किसी पर औपचारिक रूप से अपराध का अभियोग लगाना या दोषारोपण करना)

Indict, Litigate, Arraign, Try, Sue

Exonerate, Cease, Free, Halt, Liberate, Pardon, Stop

The police cannot prosecute until evidences are that much strong.



Making someone feel uncertain and uncomfortable or worried.


Baffling, Complicated, Perplexing, Complex, Blurring, Upsetting, Bewildering

Clear, Plain, Easy, Simple, orderly

Ajit’s speech is always disconcerting for those who believes in Federal system.



Exemption or freedom from punishment, harm, or loss.

(सज़ा से मुक्ति, सज़ा से छूट, दंड न मिलना, दंडाभाव)

Immunity, Liberty, Exemption, Exception, Privilege, Safeguard

Liability, Exposure, Openness, Vulnerability

Some people always break the law and get impunity.



A short, not very violent fight

(हाथापाई, हाथाबाँही, झड़प)

Brawl, Strife, Tussle, Commotion, Disturbance, Broil, Fuss, Skirmish, Clash

Calm, Peace, Quiet, Agreement, Harmony

There was a scuffle between the children at the school.



Done or acting without making sensible judgement or caring about the possible harmful effects.

(सम्भावित हानिकारक प्रभाव पर विचार किए बग़ैर किया गया, लापरवाह; विवेकहीन, नासमझ)

Aimless, Haphazard, Mingled, Confused, Jumbled

Planned, Definite, Particular, Methodical, Selective, Systematic

There was an indiscriminate action which resulted in the death of thousands of innocents.



Not suitable or not fitting well with something else


Conflicting, Contradictory, Discordant, Divergent, Diverse, Incompatible, Inconsistence

Agreement, Accord, Peace, harmony, Concordance

You put two incongruent ingredients in the dish, which is why it is so distasteful.



Favorable; Tending to promote or assist the development of something.


Favorable, Helpful, Beneficial, Advantageous, Profitable

Harmful, Damaging, Deleterious, Unfavourable, Worthless, Hindering, Adverse

It was such a conducive environment for the baby’s sleep.



The process of officially charging somebody with a crime and of trying to show that he/she is guilty, in a court of law

(अदालत में किसी के विरुद्घ अपराध के लिए अभियोग प्रक्रिया)

Execution, Pursuit, Accomplishment Achievement, Pursuance

Defeat, Failure, Neglect, Dormant, Inactivity

The prosecution of Chautala was carried out with all government forces.



To have an effect for good or ill as to the advantage or disadvantage of a person or thing.

(किसी व्यक्ति या वस्तु के लाभ या हानि के अनुसार अच्छे या बुरे के लिए प्रभाव डालना)

Result, Influence, Effect, Act, operate

Disappoint, Stimulate, De-energize, Stifle, Worsen

Your work will redound for the profit of the company.



Responsibility for a fault or wrong, blame


Guilty, Reckless, Blameworthy, Censurable, Illegal, impeachable

Blameless, Imperfect, Faultless, Impeccable, Innocent, Flawless

The culpability of the incident was taken by Rajesh.



Official permission to do or change something

(आधिकारिक अनुमति, मंज़ूरी, संस्‍वीकृति)

Permission, Grant, Authorization, Consent, Allowance, Permit, Accreditation

Prohibition, Refusal, Denial, Rejection, Revocation

Their trade policy has no legal sanction.



To give official permission for something

(किसी बात के लिए आधिकारिक अनुमति, मंज़ूरी या संस्‍वीकृति देना)

Approve, Endorse, Ratify, Approbate, Accept, Warrant, Authorize, Confirm

Deny, Reject, Negative, Prohibit, Disapprove, Disallow

The state government has sanctioned the use of force against the corrupt.



Something that one uses to accomplish an end especially when the usual means is not available.

(विवशता में किसी भी अरुचिकर उपाय का सहारा लेना)

Try, Turn, Utilise, Employ, Devote, Address, Affect

Abstain, Halt, Break Ignore, Shun, Stay, Stop

When all failed, he resorted to violence.


A place where a lot of people go to on holiday

(लोगों की अवकाश-कालीन आनंद-स्‍थली, सैरगाह)

Haunt, Hangout, Haven, Motel, Club House, Camp, Harbor, Inn, Lodge


We spent the day well in a resort in Gurgaon.



An act of rebellion

(विद्रोह, विप्‍लव, बग़ावत)

Revolution, Insurrection, Uprising, Mutiny, Apostasy

Calm, Obedience, Peace, Counter insurgency

Birsa Munda led an insurgency for many years.



A bungled task or

An error or problem caused by ineptitude, carelessness, or mismanagement 


Blunder, Bungle, Mess, Fumble, Muddle, Jumble

Improve, Better, Help, Enhance, Rectify, Reform

The 2nd team botched up the task and failed badly.


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