The Hindu Vocabulary 31 July 2023

2023-07-31

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 31 July 2023 is from the Editorial titled "Rap on the knuckles: On lynching, mob violence and judiciary fiat."

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Rap

Verb

To strike with a sharp blow.

(किसी सतह, (दरवाज़ा आदि) को खटखटाना)

Blow, Thump, Slap, Punch, Hit, Swipe, Knock, Spank, Clap

Silence, Quietude, Noiselessness, Speechlessness, Muteness, Stillness

He heard a rap on the door.

Menance

Noun

A danger or threat.

(ख़तरा या ख़तरे की आशंका)

Threat, Danger, Risk, Peril, Hazard, Imminence, Trouble,Pitfall

Protection, Guard, Shield, Harbour, Safeguard,

The menace of monkeys is increasing day by day in my area.

Lynch

Verb

Extrajudicial killing by a group.

(गै़र-क़ानूनी तरीके़ से मार दिया जाना)

Execute, Hang, Kill, Murder, Destroy, Butcher, Mob

 

Protect, Defend, Save, Preserve, Keep, Keep safe

 

The terrorists were lynched by the public.

 

Fiat

Noun

A forrmal authorization or proposition; a decree.

(व्यवस्थापत्र)

Authorization, Command, Secree, Dictate, Dictum, Edict, Decision, Proclamation, Resolution

Denial, Veto, Disapproval, Question, Opposition, Request

 

The school principal issued a Fiat.

 

Marginalise

Verb

To treat someone or something as if they are not important.

(अधिकारहीन कर देना; हाशिए पर डालना)

Criticize, Demean, Deprecate, Diminish, Disparage, Belittle Disadvantaged, Stigmatise

Elevated. Praised. Promoted, Celebrated

He belongs to the marginalized section of the society.

 

Vigilante

Noun

One who inflicts punishment in return for an injury or offense.

(सतर्क)

Nemesis, Avenger, Punisher, Chastiser, Scourge, Revenger, Castigator, Redresser

Redeemer, Vindicator, Ransomer

His brother is involved in the vigilante committee.

 

Sacrosanct

Adjective

Too important, special, etc. to be questioned or changed.

(इतना महत्वपूर्ण, पवित्र, ख़ास कि उसपर अंगुली नहीं उठाई जा सकती)

Sacred, Holy, Inviolable, Unassailable, Untouchable, Pure, Protected, Privileged

Blasphemous, Irreverent, Profane, Sacrilegous

The book is too sacrosanct to be touched.

 

Obligation

Noun

The fact that you are obliged to do something.

(क़ानूनी बाध्यता या कर्तव्य-भावना)

Duty, Responsibility, Need, Commitment, Promise, Burden, Vow, Requirement

Relief, Discahregz Exemption, Grace, Waiver, Release

The financial obligation keeps them from avoiding luxury expenditures.

 

Nonchalance

Noun

Calm behaviour that suggests you are not interested or do not care.

(उदासीनता)

Disregard, Indifference, Casualness, Insouciance, Unconcern, Apathy, Complacence, Casual, Careless, Insouciant

Biased, Careful, Deliberate, Interesting, Excited, Responsive

Sheetal's nonchalance makes me angry.

Sensitise

Verb

Make sensitive or aware.

(संवेदनशील बनाना)

Weaken, Sap, Exhaust, Enervate, Incapacitate, Enfeeble, Debilitate

Temper, Strengthen, Fortify, ainure, Adjust

 

He was not sensitized to her emotional needs.

Euphemism

Noun

A word or phrase used to avoid saying an unpleasant or offensive word.

(मंगलभाषित)

Circumlocution, Delicacy, Floridness, Grandiloquence, Pomposity, Pretence, Purism

Dysphemism, Cacophemism

Divyang is a euphemism for disabled people.

Purport

Verb

To present the appearance falsely.

(अर्थ लगाना/ तात्पर्थ बतलाना/ दावा करना)

Imply, Pretend, Profess, Allege, Betoken, Claim

Conceal, Disclaim, Hide, Deny

Rahul needs to be honest instead of purporting what he can never be.

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