The Hindu Vocabulary 28 June 2023

2023-06-28

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 28 June 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Strategic high: On India-U.S. ties and strategic cooperation.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Conclude

Verb

To bring or come to an end.

(निष्कर्ष निकालना)

End, Finish, Complete, Close, Terminate, Stop, halt, Climax

Begin, Start, Commence, Open, Inaugurate

The prize distribution concluded the annual function of the school.

Gambit

Noun

An act or remark that is calculated to gain an advantage, especially at the outset of a situation

(पहला क़दम या प्रारंभिक कार्यवाही)

Ploy, Design, Gimmick, Move, Opener, Plan, Plot, Scheme, Trick

Frankness, Honesty

His resignation was the gambit in this.

Propel

Verb

To drive or push something forwards.

(प्रेरित करना)

Drive, Push, Shoot, Thrust, Impel, Move, Force, Squeeze

Contain, Regulate, Restrain, Control, Inhibit, Check

I gave him the purpose to propel further.

Unprecedented

Adjective

Never done or known before.

(अभूतपूर्व)

Novel, New, Strange, Unfamiliar, Fresh, Unheard-of, Original, Unknown 

Familiar, Old, Hackneyed, Traditional, Tired, Conventional

His growth is unprecedented.

Endurance

Noun

The ability to keep doing something difficult, unpleasant, or painful for a long time.

(सहनशक्ति)

Stamina, Perseverance, Persistence, Fortitude, Resoluteness, Courage, Grit, Ability

Weakness, Feebleness, Lethargy, Laziness, Idleness, Indolence

Her endurance in difficulties is very impressive.

Deepen

Adjective

Becoming deeper.

(गहरा)

Intensify, Enhance, Heighten, Strengthen, Consolidate, Reinforce, Broaden, Amplify

Reduce, Diminish, Decrease, Weaken, Moderate, Lessen

Reading books can really deepen our knowledge.

Shelve

Verb

To not take action on something until a later time.

To remove from active service.

(बरख़ास्त कर देना)

Postponed, Delayed, Deferred, Suspended, Remitted, Put off, Paused, Laid over

Did, Acted, Worked on, Decide (upon), Continue, Advance, Go

His plans were shelved by the manager.

Wean

Verb

To detach from a source of dependence.

(छुड़ाना)

Discourage, Halt, Remove, Detach, Ablactate, Break of

Bottle-feed, Starve, Enfranchise, Enrich, Bequeath, Feed, Give 

It will take time to wean you off the drugs.

Perspective

Noun

A particular way of considering something.

(दृष्टिकोण)

Angle, Aspect, Attitude, Context, Prospect, Mindset, Viewpoint

Doubt, Distrust, Incredulity, Ambiguity

He wrote from Gandhian perspective.

Competence

Noun

The ability to do something successfully or efficiently.

(क्षमता)

Ability, Capacity, Capability, Competency, Aptitude, Talent, Faculty, Skill

Incompetence, Disability, Incapacity, Ineptness, Incapability

The training is required to increase the competence of the staff.

Embrace

Verb

To hold someone tightly with both arms to express love, liking, or sympathy.

(आलिंगन करना)

Greet, Like, Enjoy, Cling, Cradle, Grasp, Enfold, Grab

Free, give, Release, Let go, Push Away

My relatives always embrace me warmly.

Cognisant

Adjective

Having knowledge or awareness.

(जानकार)

Aware, Alive, Conscious, Awake, Informed, Sensible, Apprehensive, Sentient, Enlightened, 

Ignorant, Indifferent, Senseless, Thoughtless Unaware, Uninformed, Unmindful

He was cognizant of the issue.

Autonomy

Noun

The right or condition of self-government.

(स्वयं शासन)

Free, Independent, Sovereign, Self-determination, Self-government, Self-rule, Free- will

Pressure, Force, Coercion, Dependence, Subjection, Captivity

Some regions are still fighting for their autonomy.

Sovereignty 

Noun

Supreme power or authority.

(संप्रभुता)

Dominance, Jurisdiction, Supremacy, Ascendancy, Independence, Freedom, Liberty, Autonomy, Emancipation, Self-governance

Dependence, Subjection, Heteronomy, Subjugation, Unfreedom, Captivity

The army must act when the sovereignty of the country is under threat.

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Every year, Earth Day is observed on 22 April. What is the theme of Earth Day 2024?/ हर साल 22 अप्रैल को पृथ्वी दिवस मनाया जाता है। पृथ्वी दिवस 2024 का विषय क्या है?


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