The Hindu Vocabulary 30 May 2023

2023-05-30

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial May 30, 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Symbols and substance: on the inauguration of the new Parliament building and beyond”.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Defy

Verb

Openly resist or refuse to obey.

(विरोध करना)

Disobey, Ignore, Violate, Resist, Mock, Dismiss, Oppose, Reject

Obey, Follow, Comply with, Conform to, Serve, Surrender 

He dares not to defy his father's command.

Propriety

Noun

Conformity to conventionally accepted standards of behaviour or morals.

(औचित्य)

 

Etiquette, Decorum, Decency, Morality, Prudence, Form, Fitness

Impropriety, Indecency, Coarseness, Crudeness, Vulgarity

Rahul always behaved with propriety at the party. 

Aesthetics

Noun

The branch of philosophy dealing with taste and the study of beauty in nature and art.

(सौंदर्य शास्त्र)

Beauty, Looks, Beautifulness, Elegance, Attractiveness, Prettiness, Loveliness, Fairness

Ugliness, Plainness, Offensiveness, Grotesqueness, Unattractiveness

The aesthetic standards of everyone are different.

Myriad

 

Noun

A countless or extremely great number of people or things.

(बहुत बड़ी संख्या)

Plenty, Loads, Dozen, Slew, Ton, Lot, Bunch, Abundance

Handful, Fragment, Bit, Trace, Shade

There are a myriad of options to do the project.

Adjective

Being of many and various kinds.

(असंख्य)

Various, Multifarious, Manifold, Diverse, Multitudinous, Varied, Multiple

Same, Homogeneous, Identical, Individual, Monolithic

The city faces a myriad of problems.

Soaring

Adjective

Increasing rapidly above the usual level.

(ऊपर का चढ़ाव)

Ascendant, Ascending, Elevated, Overhead, Uplifted,

Low, Dropped, Lowered, Descending

The soaring crime rate is an alarming issue in my area.

Dispensation

 

Noun 1

A political, religious, or social system prevailing at a particular time.

(व्यवस्था)

System, Order, Scheme, Plan, Arrangement, Organisation

-

The military is still working under the old dispensation.

Noun 2

Exemption from a rule or usual requirement.

(किसी नियम या सामान्य आवश्यकता से राहत)

Exemption, Immunity, Exception, Exclusion, Freedom, Release, Relief

Disapprove, Forbid, Refuse, Outlaw, Denial

Sheetal was given special dispensation to admit into the school.

Quest

Noun

A long or arduous search for something.

(खोज)

Pursuit, Search, Journey, Seek, Crusade, Hunt, Pursuing

Yield, Give up, Surrender, Relinquish

His quest for knowledge made him mature.

Delimitation

Noun

The action of fixing the boundary or limits of something.

(सीमांकन)

Demarcate, Bound, Define, Delimitate, Determine, Limit

Let go, Freedom, Liberty, Allowance

There is a serious need for the delimitation of maritime boundaries.

Assuage

Verb

Make an unpleasant feeling less intense.

(शांत करना)

Allay, Alleviate, Lighten, Mitigate, Relieve, Mollify

Aggravate, Increase, Agitate, Intensify, Irritate, Excite

She is helping him to assuage her guilt.

Palpable

Adjective

Capable of being touched or felt; Easily perceptible

(प्रत्यक्ष)

Substantial, Tactile, Tangible, Sensible, Solid, Touchable

Unclear, Mysterious, Dark, Secret, Obscure, Clouded, Intangible, Unclear

The tension between Russia and Ukraine is palpable.

Fragmentation 

Noun

The process or state of breaking or being broken into fragments.

(विखंडन)

Disrupt, Fracture, Break, Disintegrate, Destroy, Reduce, Shatter, Split

Patch, Reconstruct, Repair, Rebuild

The fragmentation of the party led to the defeat in the election.

Recourse

Noun

A source of help in a difficult situation.

(सहारा)

Opportunity, Resource, Resort, Possibility, Expedient, Substitute, Relief, Replacement, Hope

Hindrance, Obstruction, Stop, Blockage

Surgery is the only recourse to cure this disease.

Symbolism

Noun

The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.

(प्रतीकवाद)

Connotation, Definition, Denotation, Exegetics, Explanation, Explication

Actual, Literal, Non-symbolic

Your work is full of symbolism.

 

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