The Hindu Vocabulary 22 October 2022

2022-10-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Through choppy seas: On the resignation of Liz Truss and after.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Choppy Seas

Idiom

Troublesome or difficult times.

(मुश्किल समय।)

-

-

UKs Prime Ministership goes through choppy seas.

Successor

Noun

A person or thing that follows.

(उत्तराधिकारी)

Replacement, Beneficiary, Descendant, Follower

-

Politicians want their children to be their successors.

Reinvigorate

Verb

To put vitality back into something.

(पुनर्जीवित/ फिर बल देना)

Enliven, Modernize, Rejuvenate, Renew

Destroy, Kill, Ruin, Depress

A vacation may reinvigorate your interest in your work.

Ignominious

Adjective

Humiliating.

Deserving of shame.

(निद्य/ लज्जाकर)

Disgraceful, Embarrassing

Respectable

They experienced an ignominious defeat.

Momentary

Adjective

Very brief.

Lasting for a short period of time.

(क्षणिक)

Temporary, Transitory, Cursory, Dreamlike

Lasting, Lengthy, Permanent, Staying

She experienced a momentary loss of consciousness.

Anxiety

Noun

Distress or uneasiness of mind caused by fear of danger or misfortune.

(चिंता/ व्यग्रता/ उत्कंठा/ सोच)

Angst, Apprehension, Concern, Disquiet

Advantage, Belief, Blessing, Calm

He felt anxiety because of a possibility of an economic crisis.

Fumble

Noun

The act of fumbling.

(लड़खड़ाने की क्रिया)

Blunder, Clinker, Flub, Gaffe

Accuracy, Correctness, Exactitude, Exactness

She sang such a difficult song without even a single fumble.

Verb

To handle clumsily.

(टटोलना)

Botch, Flub, Mishandle, Stumble

Succeed, Ameliorate, Reform, Fix, Patch

She fumbled in her bag for the pen.

Amidst

Preposition

In the middle.

(बीच में)

Betwixt, Amid, Among, Enclosed

Border, Edge

He left the organization amidst the project.

Deteriorate

Verb

To make or become worse.

To wear away.

(बिगड़ना/ बिगड़ जाना/ क्षय होना/ दूषित होना)

Crumble, Decline, Degrade, Depreciate

Approve, Compliment, Elevate, Grow

Prolonged exposure to sunlight and rain has deteriorated the plants on the balcony.

Pinnacle

Noun

The most successful point.

The culmination.

(शिखर)

Apex, Culmination, Peak, Height, Apogee, Climax, Zenith

Bottom, Nadir, Base

We all aim to reach the pinnacle of success.

Erstwhile

Adjective

In the past.

(भूतपूर्व)

Once, Bygone, Ex, Late, Past, Preceding

Present, Future

My mother is an erstwhile politician.

Fragility

Noun

The quality of being easily broken or damaged.

(भंगुरता/ कोमलता)

Frailty, Brittleness, Delicacy, Tenderness

-

It is difficult to ship glass products due to their fragility.

Trigger

Verb

Cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

Your actions have triggered outrage.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He decided to play despite an injury.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

Aakash ignored his friend out of despite.

Mortgage

Noun

A conveyance of an interest in real property as security for the repayment of money borrowed to buy the property.

(बंधक/ गिरवी/ रेहन/ ओल)

Contract, Debt, Deed, Pledge

-

Rashmi took out a mortgage to buy the house.

Verb

To convey or place under a mortgage.

(गिरवी रखना/ रेहन रखना)

Commit, Engage, Affiance, Overcommit

Renege

Rahul mortgaged his house to buy the car.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

An instance of the entrance to take possession.

(आक्रमण/ हमला/ चढ़ाई/ धावा)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

The invasion of Crimea was criticized by all major countries.

Ominously

Adverb

In a way that suggests something bad is going to happen.

(बुरी बात यह/ दुर्लक्षण द्वारा)

Perilously, Banefully

Brightly, Cheerfully

The clouds loomed ominously in the sky on the day of the festival.

Reckoning

Noun

The action or process of calculating or estimating something.

A summing up.

(गणना/ हिसाब-किताब/ संगणना)

Calculation, Estimation, Adding, Ciphering, Count, Tally

-

Our company was more than Rs. 1 crore off in the reckoning.

Debacle

Noun

A sudden and ignominious failure

(पराजय)

Failure, Catastrophe, Disaster, Defeat, Downfall, Collapse

Attainment, Accomplishment, Rise, Success, Blessing

The debacle in the operation theatre has hurt the new doctor emotionally.

Morass

Noun

A tract of low and wet ground.

A situation that traps.

(दलदल)

Chaos, Quagmire, Tangle, Confusion, Entanglement, Noose, Snare, Trap

Order

You can’t escape from the economic morass.

Nimble

Adjective

Able to think and understand quickly.

Quick and light in motion.

(चतुर)

Agile, Lithe, Quick, Alert, Alive

Delayed, Dull, Slow, Steady

My child has nimble fingers and that’s why he plays amazing piano.

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Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

2 : 72 :: 3 : ?