The Hindu Vocabulary 18 May 2023

2023-05-18

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 18 May 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Timely caution: On the Supreme Court’s exhortation to the Enforcement Directorate.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Caution

Noun

Alertness and prudence in a hazardous situation to minimize risk.

A person or thing that astonishes apprehension.

Care taken to avoid danger.

A warning against danger.

(चेतावनी/ सावधानी/सतर्कता/ एहतियात)

Attention, Care, Discretion, Foresight, Advice, Caveat, Counsel, Gingerliness

Carelessness, Indiscretion, Neglect, Disregard, Ignorance, Heedlessness, Imprudence

At the counter, one must take caution while dealing with packages.

Verb

To give a warning to someone to be careful.

(चेतावनी देना/ सजग करना/ सचेत करना/ आगाह करना)

Admonish, Alert, Exhort, Forewarn

Imperil, Risk

The teacher cautioned him about the results.

Exhortation

Noun

An address or communication emphatically urging someone to do something.

(उपदेश, प्रोत्साहन)

Urging, Encouragement, Persuasion, Pressure, Pushing, Incitement

Discouragement, Deter, Check, Restrain, Dissuade, Brake

Your book is an exhortation to the new parents.

Probe

Noun

A thorough investigation into a crime or other matter

(तहक़ीक़ात)

Examination, Exploration, Inquest, Inquiry, Research, Scrutiny

Ignore, Skip, Bypass, Omit, Avoid, Reject

There was a probe into the market regarding the adulteration of food articles.

Temper

Noun

A person's state of mind seen in terms of their being angry or calm

(मनोवृत्ति)

Temperament, Disposition, Nature, Character, Personality, Mind, Spirit, Mettle, Mood

Body, Happiness

One should not lose temper in any situation.

Verb

To act as a neutralizing or counterbalancing force to (something)

(कम करना)

Moderate, Modify, Modulate, Tone Down, Lessen, Reduce, Weaken, Alleviate, Assuage

Hurt, impair, Harm, Injure, Aggravate, Sharpen, intensify

The hot day was tempered by the cool wind.

Pertinent

Noun

Relating to the matter at hand.

(उचित)

Applicable, Apposite, Apropos, Germane

Improper, Inapplicable, Unfitting, Inappropriate

The points raised by him are pertinent to the issue.

Bona fide

Noun

Made in good faith.

Done with good intentions.

(प्रामाणिक)

Genuine, Legitimate, Original, Pure

Illegitimate, Bogus, Fake, Sham

My mother is a bona fide expert in History.

Transgress

Verb

To violate a law.

To pass over a limit.

(उल्लंघन करना/ अवलेहना करना/ भंग करना/ अपराध करना)

Infringe, Trespass

Behave, Obey

You need to transgress many social rules to be successful.

Amok

Adverb

In an out of control and act in a wild or dangerous manner.

(आपे से बाहर)

Frantically, Wild, Wildly, Uncontrollably, Frenziedly, Frenetically, Hectically

Calmly, Peacefully, Serenely, Placidly, Colly, Composedly

He ran amok after his officer.

Adversary

Noun

One's opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute

(विरोधी)

Hostile, Negative, Adverse, Enemies, Opponents, Foes, Hostiles, Antagonists, Attackers

Friends, Allies, Partners, Supporters, Proponents

Shyam is an old friend as well as an adversary.

Witch-hunt

Noun

A campaign directed against a person or group holding views considered unorthodox or a threat to society

(संदिग्ध व्यक्तियों की खोज)

Search, Hunting, Hunt, Tracking, Trawl, Prowl, Rummage

Forget, Ignore, Neglect, Overlook

He unknowingly became the victim of the media witch hunt.

Stringent

Adjective

Rigid

(कठोर)

Binding, Demanding, Strict, Tough, Draconian, Harsh

Amenable, Kind, Calm, Easy, Lenient

The government took stringent steps against drug addicts.

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following festivals of Tamil Nadu is dedicated to Lord Muruga? / तमिलनाडु का निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा त्योहार भगवान मुरुगा को समर्पित है? 


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