The Hindu Vocabulary 10 April 2022

2022-04-10

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 10 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A message for Russia: On Moscow’s suspension from U.N. Human Rights Council.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Suspension

Noun

The act of suspending.

Temporary removal from office.

Temporary withholding.

Something that is suspended or hung.

(निलंबन/ मुअत्तली/ आस्थगन/ लटकी वस्तु)

Break, Freeze, Halt, Interruption, Layoff, Period, Stoppage, Termination, Adjournment

Beginning, Continuation, Go, Introduction, Opening, Start

I was disturbed by the news of my suspension from the police department.

Spotlight

Noun

A lamp for producing light.

The area of immediate public attention.

Public attention.

(सुर्खियों)

Fame, Light, Limelight, Notoriety

Obscurity

He knows how to remain in the spotlight.

Verb

To illuminate with a spotlight.

To direct the beam of a spotlight on someone or something.

(एक स्पॉटलाइट के साथ रोशन करना)

Accentuate, Highlight, Illuminate, Point up

Underplay

The whole group was spotlighted when the performance began.

Resolution

Noun

A firm decision to do or not to do something.

(संकल्प/ प्रस्ताव,)

 

The quality of being determined or resolute.

(दृढ़ निश्चयी या दृढ़ होने का गुण)

 

The action of solving a problem, dispute, or contentious matter.

(समाधान)

Determination, Intention, Purpose, Resolve, Pledge, Commitment, Undertaking

Indecision, Apathy, Irresolution, Flexibility, Condemnation, Denial, Origin

India is choosing to remain to abstain from any resolution against Russia.

Abstention

Noun

Withholding of a vote.

The act of choosing not to do something.

A formal refusal to vote on something.

(बचाव/ मतदान न करना/ भाग न लेना)

Abstinence, Avoidance, Self-restraint, Self-control

Self-indulgence

The election commission is worried about the high rate of voter abstention.

Immense

Adjective

Huge or Very great.

(अत्यधिक)

Colossal, Enormous, Galactic, Mammoth

Bantam, Diminutive, Teensy, Wee

The fortune inherited by Rajnaresh is immense.

Criticism

Noun

The act of passing judgment on the merits of anything.

A comment that expresses disapproval of something or someone.

(आलोचना)

Critique, Examen, Assessment, Comment, Opinion, Denunciation, Objection

Approval, Compliment, Flattery, Estimation

The criticism is sometimes fruitful also.

Probe

Noun

A crucial investigation.

(तहक़ीक़ात)

Examination, Exploration, Inquest, Research

Answer, Misunderstand

The supreme court has ordered a probe into the new defence deal.

Verb

To search and explore thoroughly.

(परख करना)

Dig, Examine, Inquire, Penetrate

Ignore, Reply

The probe sent by the space agency will gather data about the climate of MARS.

Responsibility

Noun

The state of being responsible.

Moral or legal accountability.

(ज़िम्मेदारी)

Blame, Fault, Liability, Authority, Duty, Guilt, Efficiency, Honesty

Irresponsibility, Benefit, Blessing, Incompetence, Weakness

It is hereby your responsibility to maintain employee attendance.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

(आक्रमण)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

The Russian troops should return and put an end to the idea of the invasion of Ukraine.

Demilitarisation

Noun

The act or process of reducing or removing the armed forces from an area or territory.

(ग़ैरफ़ौजीकरण/ विसैन्यीकरण/ असैनिकीकरण)

Demobilisation, Conquest, De-escalation, Disablement

Surrender, Arming, Buildup, Yielding

Ukraine is demanding demilitarisation to start peace talks.

Denazification

Noun

The process to get rid of nazi forces

(अस्वीकरण)

-

-

Russia said that its main objective was the denazification of Ukraine.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

The testimony of both the eyewitnesses conflicted with each other.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

There has been a conflict of ideas between the CEO and the MD of the company.

Attrition

Noun

A reduction in number or size.

A weakening of resistance.

The act of rubbing together.

(संघर्षण/ घिसावट)

Erosion, Abrasion, Attenuation, Debilitation, Contriteness, Penance

Building, Happiness, Strengthening

Stones are often smoothed by the attrition process.

Hostility

Noun

A hostile state or condition.

Mutual ill will.

Conflict or opposition in thought or principle.

(शत्रुता / विरोध/ बैर/ विरोधभाव)

Aggression, Animosity, Antagonism, Antipathy, Bitterness, Enmity, Estrangement, Hatred

Friendship, Happiness, Kindness, Liking, Amity

I can sense a feeling of hostility between the two brothers.

Imbalance

Noun

Lack of balance.

(असंतुलन)

Inequality, Asymmetry, Disproportion, Shortcoming

Balance

Many psychological disorders are due to chemical imbalances in the brain.

Bog

Noun

Wet and spongy ground.

(दलदल)

Lowland, Marshland, Wetland, Fen

-

There is a bog on my farms in the village.

Verb

To cause to sink as if in a bog.

(डुबाना जैसे कि दलदल में डूबते हैं।)

-

-

We were bogged down due to tension.

Cessation

Noun

 

A temporary stopping.

(समापन / बंद होना/ रोकना)

Abeyance, Arrest, Break, Breather, Close, Discontinuance

Action, Activity, Advance, Beginning

The world economy will boom after the cessation of the war.

Evident

Adjective

Plain or clear to understand.

(प्रत्यक्ष/ सुस्पष्ट)

Conspicuous, Indisputable, Noticeable, Obvious, Ostensible, Reputed

Concealed, Doubtful, Dubious, Hidden

It is evident that you don’t care about the core group’s decision.

Multilateral

Adjective

Having many sides.

Involving more than two nations.

(बहुपक्षीय / बहुमुजी)

Plurilateral

-

Climate change is a multilateral issue.

Summit

Noun

The highest point.

A conference or meeting of diplomats.

(शिखर / शिखर सम्मेलन)

Acme, Apex, Apogee, Capstone

Base, Bottom, Nadir

The G& summit took place in the UK.

Annex

Noun

In a way that is unable to be disentangled or separated.

(उपभवन)

Addendum, Appendix, Addition, Adjunct

Base, Lessening, Subtraction

The team submitted an annex to the report.

Verb

To attach or append.

To obtain or take for oneself.

(हड़प कर लेना/ अनुबद्ध करना)

Adjoin, Take over, Affix, Append

Detach, Disconnect, Disjoin, Disunite

The two new amendments were annexed to the constitution.

Assurance

Noun

Statement to relieve doubt

(आश्वासन)

Affirmation, Assertion, Guarantee, Pledge, Word

Denial, Breach of promise

The farmers have got the assurances from the Minister.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?