The Hindu Vocabulary 9 April 2022

2022-04-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 9 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Beyond Border-Gavaskar: On India-Australia trade agreement.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Trade

Noun

The business of buying and selling commodities.

The act of buying, selling, or exchanging stocks, currency or bonds.

(व्यापार/ धंधा/ तिजारत)

Business, Commerce, Contract, Deal

Disagreement, Idleness, Unemployment, Indolence

The domestic trade is going to a whole new level for the company.

Verb

To give one thing in exchange for another.

(व्यापार करना/ तिजारत करना/ विक्रय करना)

Deal, Traffic

-

John traded his old car in exchange for a new bike.

Adjective

Related to trade.

Limited to persons in the industry.

(व्यापारिक/ तिजारती/ व्यवसाय)

-

-

We are operating a trade printing house.

Agreement

Noun

The act of agreeing to a mutual decision.

The act of agreeing.

The state of being in accord.

(समझौता/ शर्त/ सुलह)

Accord, Arrangement, Compliance, Compromise, Approval, Charter, Covenant, Lease

Denial, Difference, Disagreement, Dissension, Misunderstanding, Refusal

I thought we can reach an agreement.

Reappraisal

Noun

The assessment of the worth or value again.

(पुनर्मूल्यांकन/ पुन: मूल्य-निर्धारण)

Reevaluation

-

The new tax rates will be decided after reappraisal.

Pragmatic

Adjective

Dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations.

(व्यावहारिक)

Businesslike, Practical, Realistic, Sober, Efficient

Excited, Impractical, Irrational, Inefficient

Our Prime Minister is a pragmatic leader.

Enhance

Verb

Subject to the obligation to report or responsibility.

Capable of being explained.

(सुधारना/ ज़्यादा करना)

Appreciate, Augment, Boost, Complement

Decrease, Diminish, Discourage, Hurt

The pearl earrings enhanced her beauty.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving two parties, especially countries.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Reciprocal, Respective, Two-sided

Multilateral, Unilateral

The bilateral relations are now taking a new shape.

Littoral

Adjective

Relating to the shore of a lake or ocean.(नदी के किनारे का/ समुद्र-तट का)

Marshy, Seaside, Coastal, Inshore, Nearshore, Offshore, Marine, Aquatic

Freshwater

The littoral warfare will include the navy’s dominance and amphibious landings.

Noun

A coastal region.

(तट/ किनारा/ साहिल)

Bank, Beach, Coastline, Seaboard, Border, Coast, Riverbank, Sand

Centre, Interior

My brother bought a bungalow in the littoral.

Alignment

Noun

An adjustment or arrangement in a straight line.

The proper adjustment of the components.

A state of agreement or cooperation among persons.

(संरेखण / सिधाई)

Adjustment, Arrangement, Positioning, Calibration

-

We need to bring our policies in alignment with the state laws.

Hitherto

Adverb

Up to this time.

To here.

Until now.

(अब तक)

Attendant, Attending, Hither, Present, Heretofore, Once, Then, Theretofore, Yet

There, Currently, Later, Future, Henceforth, Henceforward, Hereafter, Thenceforth

The movie has revealed some hitherto unknown facts about ancient history.

Colonial

Noun

An inhabitant of a colony.

(उपनिवेश बसानेवाला/ उपनिवेश संबंधी)

Colonist, Colonizer, Frontersman, Homesteader

-

There are many British colonials still living in India.

Adjective

Composed of colonies.

Existing in the colony.

Made during a colonial period.

(औपनिवेशिक/ उपनिवेशी)

Crude, Dependent, Dominion, Emigrant

Gentle, Modern, Sophisticated

Today we are going to learn about the colonial trade methods.

Emerge

Verb

To come out.

To come into view.

To arise.

(उभरना/ प्रकट होना)

Appear, Arrive, Crop up, Derive

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall

The car suddenly emerged from the dense fog.

Traction

Noun

The action of pulling something over a surface.

The act of drawing.

Attracting power or influence.

(संकर्षण)

Suction, Absorption, Adherence, Adhesion

Slipperiness

I don’t think that this idea of yours will gain much traction from our board members.

Envisage

Verb

contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.

(परिकल्पना करना)

Foresee, Expect, Predict, Imagine, Visualize, Appreciate, Propose

Sure, Certain, Convinced, Confident, Incontestable

I have envisaged the entire plan to launch a new company.

Gamut

Noun

The scale or range.

The entire scope of something.

(सरगम / विस्तार)

Spectrum, Area, Catalogue, Compass, Range, Scale

-

I experienced the full gamut of human emotions during my convocation.

Dismantle

Verb

To disassemble something.

To disconnect the pieces of something.

To strip of the dress.

(विघटित / उद्ध्वस्त करना/ खोल डालना/ कपड़ा उतारना)

Demolish, Destroy, Disassemble, Raze, Undo, Wreck

Build, Construct, Create, Repair

The dismantling of machines is a learning for the interns.

Merchandise

Noun

The commodities and goods that are bought and sold.

(व्यापार)

Commodity, Material, Product, Stock

-

My friend opened a shop with merchandise of all major brands.

Verb

To buy and sell in business.

To promote for sale.

(व्यापार करना)

Vend, Advertise, Market, Deal, Retail

Buy, Purchase

The local retail shopkeepers are merchandising small brands along with global brands.

Tack

Noun

 

A short pointed nail.

A sticky quality.

A course sailed by a sailing vessel with the wind.

(कील/ चिपचिपा)

Tangent, Aim, Alteration, Approach, Brad, Nail

Stagnation

The tacks kept the carpet hanging on the wall.

Verb

To secure by some temporary fastening.

To fasten by tacks.

(सीना/ किल्ली से बांधना)

Affix, Fasten, Nail, Paste

Detach, Loosen, Release

Jacky was given the task to tack posters on the walls.

Evident

Adjective

Plain or clear to understand.

(प्रत्यक्ष/ सुस्पष्ट)

Conspicuous, Indisputable, Noticeable, Obvious, Ostensible, Reputed

Concealed, Doubtful, Dubious, Hidden

The authority has done nothing to improve the evident situation of dark roads due to faulty lights.

Contentious

Adjective

Causing argument or controversy.

Likely to cause disagreement or quarrel.

(विवादास्पद/ विवाद-ग्रस्त)

Antagonistic, Combative, Testy, Argumentative

Agreeable, Nonaggresive, Nonbelligerent, Pacific, Peaceable

He usually avoids commenting on contentious issues.

Resolution

Noun

A firm decision to do or not to do something.

(संकल्प/ प्रस्ताव,)

 

The quality of being determined or resolute.

(दृढ़ निश्चयी या दृढ़ होने का गुण)

 

The action of solving a problem, dispute, or contentious matter.

(समाधान)

Determination, Intention, Purpose, Resolve, Pledge, Commitment, Undertaking

Indecision, Apathy, Irresolution, Flexibility, Condemnation, Denial, Origin

The resolution to expel Russia from UNHRC has been passed.

Inextricably

Adverb

In a way that is unable to be disentangled or separated.

(अलंघनीय)

Inevitably, Indistinguishably, Totally, Completely

-

Demand and supply are inextricably linked to each other.

Precedent

Noun

Any act or decision that serves as an example in the subsequent situations.

(मिसाल/ पूर्व उदाहरण)

Antecedent, Criterion, Exemplar, Instance

After, Ensuing, Following, Later

There are many precedents in using smart learning classrooms.

Adjective

Prior in time or order.

Coming before something.

(समय, क्रम, या महत्व में पूर्ववर्ती)

Antecedent, Anterior, Foregoing, Former

After, Ensuing, Following, Later

Her bad behaviour can be explained through precedent events in her life.

 

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